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A Quick History of Entomology
A Quick History of Entomology
Basic Pest Management Decision Theory
Basic Pest Management Decision Theory
Basic Pest Management Decision Theory
Basic Pest Management Decision Theory
Development of pesticide resistance in the USA
Development of pesticide resistance in the USA
Classical food web exemplifying stability and control of a pest
Classical food web exemplifying stability and control of a pest
Classical response of biocontrol agent to host
Classical response of biocontrol agent to host
Historical outcome of biocontrol of weeds
Historical outcome of biocontrol of weeds
History of Biological Control Historical uses selected to succeed
History of Biological Control Historical uses selected to succeed
C. V. Riley an early professional entomologist
C. V. Riley an early professional entomologist
C. V. Riley an early professional entomologist
C. V. Riley an early professional entomologist
A Quick History of Entomology
A Quick History of Entomology
A Quick History of Entomology
A Quick History of Entomology
A Quick History of Entomology
A Quick History of Entomology
Two pest species in WA currently under IPM
Two pest species in WA currently under IPM
Two pest species in WA currently under IPM
Two pest species in WA currently under IPM
Control of the Boll Weevil An Integrated Pest Management Success Story
Control of the Boll Weevil An Integrated Pest Management Success Story
Cotton flowers or squares
Cotton flowers or squares
Cotton flowers or squares
Cotton flowers or squares
Boll weevil adult, attacking (ovipositing into) a young boll or fruit
Boll weevil adult, attacking (ovipositing into) a young boll or fruit
Boll weevil adult, attacking (ovipositing into) a young boll or fruit
Boll weevil adult, attacking (ovipositing into) a young boll or fruit
original detection in U.S.A.,1892
original detection in U.S.A.,1892
Cotton stubble, refuge habitat for overwintering boll weevil adults
Cotton stubble, refuge habitat for overwintering boll weevil adults
Fields used to be heavily sprayed during bloom
Fields used to be heavily sprayed during bloom
Cotton plow down program surveilance & compliance
Cotton plow down program surveilance & compliance
Cotton plow down program surveilance & compliance
Cotton plow down program surveilance & compliance
Boll weevil pheromone monitoring trap
Boll weevil pheromone monitoring trap
Biological control supplements other procedures
Biological control supplements other procedures
Biological control supplements other procedures
Biological control supplements other procedures
Epitaph: The boll weevil has become a minor pest; cotton IPM systems
Epitaph: The boll weevil has become a minor pest; cotton IPM systems
A Quick History of Entomology

: Dave Hurley. , . , A Quick History of Entomology.ppt zip- 4928 .

A Quick History of Entomology

A Quick History of Entomology.ppt
1 9particular, have become resistant to many
2A Quick History of Entomology. pesticides. This is now a major factor in
Prehistory, humans & insects in both managing insects and in developing
nature, lore Ancient History, first new pesticides.
recorded descriptions & uses of 10Development of pesticide resistance in
insects, Greek, Egyptian, Chinese cultures the USA. multiple resistance, i.e.
Enlightment Period & Natural History instances of resistance. Gullen &
Darwin Industrial Revolution => Advent Cranston, 2005.
of large scale agriculture (especially in 11Classical food web exemplifying
USA) & 1st professional entomologists. stability and control of a pest complex
CV Riley & Biocontrol. Elucidation of through a diverse natural enemy community.
insect vectored diseases Pesticide era Ecological studies of food webs and the
Post-pesticide era & IPM Modern era, particular population dynamics of their
beyond traditional IPM Future: components led to the theory and eventual
destabilized Earth era? application of biological control.
3Important Concepts about Agriculture 12Biological Control A component of some
and Insects. Pest is a relative term IPM systems General Concept: certain
(Natural vs. Anthropophilic worlds). species on higher levels of food web
Agriculture is the manipulation of nature (predators, parasitoids, microbes) used to
to serve the food and fiber demands of control plant pests (primary consumers) in
humans. Agricultural systems are agroecosystems. Assumptions 1) Natural
inherently unnatural because of reduced ecosystem of biocontrol agent is
diversity or altered, non-coadapted equivalent to target agroecosystem 2)
components and therefore tend toward Biocontrol agent will respond similarly to
instability. Insects, weeds, and plant surrogate prey/hosts. Types Natural,
diseases are the major pest groups. native or naturalized elements, background
Economic and practical goals of pest effect Composed, natural enemies
management frequently do not match. This purposely introduced or augmented to gain
field is ever-changing; climate desired control effect.
instability is the newest, most pervasive 13Potential Problems with Composed
factor. Biocontrol Programs Ecological mismatch,
4Why insects become pests of plants. biocontrol agent non adapted to target
Review: Natural World: no pests; every system (climate, other predators,
species plays a part Anthropogenic World: parasites, competition, etc.) Differential
pests in context: damage to food or response, agent responds differently than
fiber crops = competition with humans. anticipated (slow growth, different
Some Origins of Plant Pests Scale + prey/host) System initiation,
Economy: massive agricultural operations legal/reulatory, time/money constraints,
with low economic injury levels Ecological conflicting research results Backfire!
disruption: breakdown of natural controls Biocontrol agent may become a pest by
from pesticides, other agricultural attacking other beneficial organisms or by
practices, habitat detruction Changing becoming a nuisance, e.g. Multicolored
crop types: new crops with new pests Host Asian Lady Beetle.
plant switching: native insects move from 14Developing a Biocontrol Program
native host plants to agricultural crops Research & Development Essential to
Exotic pests: insects introduced from establishing a working system &
elsewhere Resistance: resurgence through protecting environment Pioneer for
adaptive response. biocontrol agents Classical: go to pest
5Integrated Pest Mangement. An country or origin (e.g. Riley) Modern:
approach to the control of pests (insects, cooperative efforts, genetic manipulation.
diseases, weeds) in which all available Test in experimental setting with
techniques are evaluated and integrated simulated target system, potential
into a unified program. Evans, 1984. alternative prey/hosts. Artificial rearing
Major points: More a mind-set than a in large numbers. Economic parameters
method or set of particular methods. NOT developed. Release in real world Monitor
just an alternative to pesticides; may & Modify as system changes.
actually include conditional use of 15Classical response of biocontrol agent
pesticides. Concept that pests are best to host.
managed rather than eradicated. Concept of 16Historical outcome of biocontrol of
stability of whole agro-ecosystem. Concept weeds. (Weed biocontrol has generally been
of living with the pest as part of a more successful than biocontrol of
stable system (cf. eradication per se.) insects.).
Concepts of ET & EIL as a quantitative 17History of Biological Control
guides for triggering control action. Historical uses selected to succeed Some
Predictive: requires detailed biological very old success stories have survived,
knowledge of pest and environmental e.g. citrus pest control with ants in
factors influencing the system. Depends on China. Some early successes in modern
concurrent, accurate pest & agriculture, e.g. Vedalia beetle in
environmental monitoring. citrus. Many failures, some disasterous
6Basic Pest Management Decision Theory. (e.g. Multi-colored Asian Lady Beetle).
7Some Types of Insect Control Used in Modern milieu: still useful but proceed
Pest Management Systyems. Pesticides with great caution.
Traditional toxics Low-residual chemicals 18C. V. Riley an early professional
Botanical compounds (e.g. rotenone) entomologist. The Vedalia beetle [& a
Biologicals (hormone analogs) Confusants parasitic fly, Cryptochaetum iceriae (not
(pheromones that interrupt mating) shown)] introduced from host country
Cultural controls hand-picking (small (Australia) to control cottony cushion
scale) mulching crop rotation habitat scale on citrus in USA. The first major
modification Biological control inundative modern classical biological control
augmentative. success story.
8Pesticides (a summary). Any substance 19
that can be used to directly reduce 20Two pest species in WA currently under
populations of a pest. (Pest = weed, IPM. Apple maggot. Gypsy moth. Monitoring
fungus, microbe, insect, vertebrate). Quarantine Trapping Cultural control
Pesticides have been used for thousands of Chemical control. Monitoring Quarantine
years. There are thousands of types of Microbial control.
pesticides and dozens of major categories, 21Control of the Boll Weevil An
based on chemical nature and method of Integrated Pest Management Success Story.
effect. Petrochemicals are the base of 22Cotton flowers or squares.
most modern conventional pesticides. 23Boll weevil adult, attacking
Unconventional pesticides, especially as (ovipositing into) a young boll or fruit.
used on insects, include microbes, Larva feeding inside the boll.
behavior-changing chemicals, hormone 24original detection in U.S.A.,1892.
analogs, and other taxon-specific MEXICO, original range. Range expansion of
substances. In the USA today, a new the cotton boll weevil, Antohonomous
pesticide must undergo rigorous testing to grandis, (COLEOPTERA: Curculionidae), a
make sure it works and does not cause native insect turned into a pest by
unintentional harm to the environment or agricultural modification of habitat &
users. (Such testing is not necessarily food source.
adequate.). 25Cotton stubble, refuge habitat for
9Pesticides (continued). It generally overwintering boll weevil adults.
takes many years and millions of dollars 26Fields used to be heavily sprayed
to register a new pesticide for field use. during bloom. But stubble is easily
Large firms develop and make pesticides; removed by chopping and plow down.
only the most lucrative (not necessarily 27Cotton plow down program surveilance
the most safe or effective) are eventually & compliance.
marketed. Most of the most toxic &/or 28Boll weevil pheromone monitoring trap.
environmentally harmful pesticides are no Monitoring is integral to all pest
longer legal to sell or use in the USA. management programs.
(But some are still made and used in other 29Biological control supplements other
countries, e.g. DDT) Pesticide use, on the procedures. Laboratory test of boll weevil
farm and in the home, is still very high parasite. Field release of parasites.
and represents a major environmental 30Epitaph: The boll weevil has become a
challenge. In many instances of pest minor pest; cotton IPM systems have
control, a pesticide is used to guarantee changed to meet the challenges of new
maximum profit margin, i.e. an otherwise pests and new environmental factors.
harvestable and saleable crop is made more 31~ end ~.
valuable by treating. Insects, in
A Quick History of Entomology.ppt
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A Quick History of Entomology

A Quick History of Entomology

Quick Basic - : 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64 -. Quick Basic - Quick Basic. 1.5. Quick Basic. Quick Basic. .

Michael Jackson - Biography of a famous person. This is Michael Joseph Jackson. Then he also has died Career. Though Michael Joseph Jackson has died it always its idols will remember Dates and bithplace. It was the seventh of nine children. Why he is famous? Achievements. Education. Personality.

April Fools Day - All Fool's Day. In conclusion, Iwouldsay,whenyou thinkabout howtomake fun ofyou know, do not forgetthat the bestjoke-the oneover whichhe laughsthe loudest,played a jokeon someone. In Scotlandthe Aprilfool'sdaylasts48 hours.

English words - 1) FALSE watch 2) FALSE disco 3) TRUE 4) TRUE 5) FALSE sightseeing 6) FALSE friend 7) TRUE 8) FALSE terrible 9) TRUE 10) FALSE meal. Translate into Russian. 1) Go and wotch a match 2) Go to a disko 3) Go shopping 4) Go for a picnic 5) Go sightseeng 6) Go and see a frend 7) Go to a party 8)I had a terible time 9) Go skiing 10) Go for a meel in a restaurant.

The United States of America - Boston. The largest cities are: It occupies the southern part of North America. Los Angeles. The United States of America. The longest river is the Mississippi Missoury, 6,019 kilimetres. Detroit today - the ruined city of the United States. The largest lake is Lake Superior, 83,270 square kilometres.

- The future Indefinite Tense. . The past continuous tense. Saturday. . The past Indefinite tense. The future perfect tense. . Present perfect continuous. . . . London. . Present perfect tense. The future in the past.

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