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More Than Meets the Eye
More Than Meets the Eye
Texas Education Agency Requirements
Texas Education Agency Requirements
TOP – Texas Observation Protocols (READING - Grades K – 2)
TOP – Texas Observation Protocols (READING - Grades K – 2)
TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors Grades K-1 Reading
TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors Grades K-1 Reading
TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors Grade 2 Reading
TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors Grade 2 Reading
RPTE – Reading Proficiency Tests in English EXEMPTIONS
RPTE – Reading Proficiency Tests in English EXEMPTIONS
TOP – Texas Observation Protocols (WRITING -- Grades K – 12)
TOP – Texas Observation Protocols (WRITING -- Grades K – 12)
TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors Grades K-1 Writing
TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors Grades K-1 Writing
TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors Grades 2-12 Writing
TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors Grades 2-12 Writing
Grade 4 Writing Example
Grade 4 Writing Example
Grade 8 Writing Example
Grade 8 Writing Example
GRADE 4 Writing Example (High Level)
GRADE 4 Writing Example (High Level)
Other ideas for assessing writing:
Other ideas for assessing writing:
Content Area Examples – Science
Content Area Examples – Science
Content Area Examples – Science
Content Area Examples – Science
Content Area Examples – Social Studies
Content Area Examples – Social Studies
Describe the characteristics of the party system in the U.S
Describe the characteristics of the party system in the U.S
Content Area Examples – Language Arts
Content Area Examples – Language Arts
Content Area Examples – Math
Content Area Examples – Math
TOP – Texas Observation Protocols (LISTENING -- Grades K – 12)
TOP – Texas Observation Protocols (LISTENING -- Grades K – 12)
TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors Grade K-12 Listening
TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors Grade K-12 Listening
TOP – Texas Observation Protocols (SPEAKING -- Grades K – 12)
TOP – Texas Observation Protocols (SPEAKING -- Grades K – 12)
TOP PROFICIENCY Level Descriptions Grades K-12 Speaking
TOP PROFICIENCY Level Descriptions Grades K-12 Speaking
FORM for Documenting Listening and Speaking Activities
FORM for Documenting Listening and Speaking Activities
FORM for Documenting Reading and Writing Activities
FORM for Documenting Reading and Writing Activities
FORM for Capturing Proficiency in Communications Skills
FORM for Capturing Proficiency in Communications Skills
One-shot Snapshots May not Capture True Capabilities
One-shot Snapshots May not Capture True Capabilities
Getting Started
Getting Started
Sample TExES Item:
Sample TExES Item:
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Assessing English Language Proficiency A Training Module

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1Assessing English Language Proficiency 31story depicting what they see.
Department of P-16 Initiatives Texas Grouping: Assign students to groups of 2
Education Agency In collaboration with The Materials: 2 sheets of paper 1 pencil 2
Institute for Second Language Achievement patterns per group Directions: Each of you
(ISLA) Texas A&M University – Corpus has a pattern that you are going to ask
Christi and JoAnn Canales, Ph.D. your partner to draw. BE SURE that your
Professor, Texas A&M University – partner does not/cannot see the pattern.
Corpus Christi. Sit back to back and take turns describing
2Workshop Focus. Review Assessment your particular pattern to your partner.
Standard and Competency for Becoming an Be sure to call each shape by its name,
ESL Certified Teacher in Texas English as e.g., Draw a triangle in the upper right
a Second Language (ESL) Standards hand corner. Be specific and remember to
(Standard VI) TExES – Texas Examinations use the terms we have learned in math
of Educator Standards (Competency 007) class. Each of you has 10 minutes to
Define Language and Language Proficiency describe your pattern to your partner.
Examine Requirements State Requirements Scoring: Use the TOP rubrics for listening
LPAC – Language Proficiency Assessment and speaking.
Committee HLS - Home Language Survey OLPT 34TOP – Texas Observation Protocols
- Oral Language Proficiency Test NRT - (LISTENING -- Grades K – 12). Listening
Norm Referenced Test Federal (NCLB) (K-12) – Assess formatively, using a
Requirements - TELPAS – Texas English rubric, during informal and formal
Language Proficiency Assessment System TOP academic tasks. A rubric is provided on p.
– Texas Observation Protocols RPTE – 23 of the TOP Rater Manual found on the
Reading Proficiency Tests in English. TEA website. Examples of activities
3Assessment is addressed by Standard VI provided on the TEA website include:
of the English as a Second Language (ESL) Reacting to oral presentations Responding
Standards. BECOMING AN ESL CERTIFIED to text read aloud Following directions
TEACHER IN TEXAS. Cooperative group work Informal, social
http://www.sbec.state.tx.us/SBECOnline/sta discourse with peers Large-group and small
dtest /standards/allesl.pdf. group interactions in academic settings
4Assessment is also Competency 007 on One-on-One Interviews Individual student
the TExES for ESL Certification. BECOMING conferences.
AN ESL CERTIFIED TEACHER IN TEXAS. 35TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors
http://www.texes.nesinc.com/prepmanuals/PD Grade K-12 Listening.
s/ TExES_fld154_prepmanual.pdf. http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessm
5How English Proficient Are you? To nt/admin/rpte/Descriptors_06.pdf.
FAT32 You can use the FAT32 conversion 36TOP – Texas Observation Protocols
tool to easily convert your hard disk to (SPEAKING -- Grades K – 12). Speaking
the FAT32 file system. However, before you (K-12) -- Assess formatively, using a
convert file systems, you should read the rubric, during informal and formal
following information carefully: If you academic tasks. A rubric is provided on p.
didn’t make a Windows 98 Startup Disk, 24 of the TOP Rater Manual found on the
before you convert to FAT32, you should TEA website. Examples of activities
create one by following the steps in the provided on the TEA website include:
”Using the Startup Disk” section earlier Cooperative group work Oral presentations
in this chapter. You shouldn’t convert any Informal, social discourse with peers
drives on which you also want to run an Large-group and small group interactions
operating system that doesn’t support in academic settings One-on-One Interviews
FAT32. Also, if you’re running Windows 98 Classroom discussions Articulation of
and another operating system in a problem-solving strategies Individual
dual-boot environment, converting your Student Conferences.
primary disk drive to FAT32 may cause the 37TOP PROFICIENCY Level Descriptions
other operating system to be unusable. Grades K-12 Speaking.
This is true even if the other operating 38FORM for Documenting Listening and
system is installed on a different drive. Speaking Activities.
If anti-virus software is running, it may 39FORM for Documenting Reading and
detect the request to update the partition Writing Activities.
table and book record and prompt you to 40FORM for Capturing Proficiency in
allow the updates. If this occurs, Communications Skills.
instruct the anti-virus software to allow 41More To Assessing Language Proficiency
the updates. Once you convert to FAT32, Than Meets the Eye! HLS OLPT NRT. versus
you can’t compress stored information or Reading Rubrics Writing Rubrics Speaking
convert back to FAT16 unless you use a Rubrics Listening Rubrics Reading
third-party partition management utility Proficiency Test.
designed for that purpose. 42One-shot Snapshots May not Capture
6Language and Language Proficiency True Capabilities.
Defined. Linguistic Structures 43Recommending a Student for Exit? Ask
Graphophonemics Lexicon Morphology yourself . . . Does the oral language
Semantics Communication Skills. Receptive. proficiency test used by your school
Expressive. Oral. Listening. Speaking. district measure, not only the kind of
Written. Reading. Writing. language needed in your class, but also
7Sociolinguistic Variables Social that which will be needed at the next
domains Registers Dialect Knowledge of the higher grade level? Has the student
language. Language and Language sufficiently mastered the basic language
Proficiency Defined (Continued). skills that will prepare him/her to deal
8Stages of Language Learning. Child successfully with the shifting emphasis of
learns difficult phonemes/complex grammar. language skills at the next level of
“If I were you. I would have gone.” Child schooling? Are you familiar with the
is able to create his/her own language. textbooks that the student will be
“Mommy, I love you 1,000 trees. Child can expected to use during the next school
generate original language. “When I get year? Are you sure s/he can handle both
big, I’m gonna be an astronaut..” Child the language and content demands of these
makes errors by overgeneralizing. “I goed books with a minimum of help? Have you
to the store today.” Language has features challenged the student in terms of
of adult language. “I want to go outside vocabulary development, a variety of
with you.” Speech is abbreviated. Child thinking and problem solving skills, and
uses 2 – word utterances. “Baby, go?” on a wide range of topics?
Child vocalizes. Babbles “ma-ma-ma”. Grade 44Recommending a Student for Exit? Ask
2-6 Level Communication Development Stage yourself . . . (Continued). How is the
Grade 1 Level Creative Stage Kindergarten student’s reading rate in English? How is
Level Automatic Stage 60 Months Structural his/her comprehension, not only of
Awareness Stage 48 Months Expansion & materials in the reading text, but in the
Delimiting Stage 24 Months Unitary Stage content-area materials as well? What are
12 Months Infant Stage. the student’s scores in language arts and
9More Than Meets the Eye! and Customs reading on the most recently-administered
Religious beliefs Values “Grandmother’s achievement test? Are his/her scores at
stories” Interpersonal dynamics. least as high as the average student in
Appearances Dialect Foods. the school (i.e., the student’s scores
10Texas Education Agency Requirements. compare favorably with the school or
HLS - Home Language Survey OLPT - Oral district expectations? Has the student
Language Proficiency Test NRT - Norm mastered the district standards in math,
Referenced Test LPAC – Language science, and social studies? Is the
Proficiency Assessment Committee. progress that s/he has made toward
11Home Language Survey. Administered, achieving the content standards what you
only once, at time of enrollment Sample would expect compared to other students in
survey questions: What language is spoken the same grade? How high is the student’s
in your home most of the time?" What anxiety level in your class? Is school
language does your child (do you) speak stressful for the student or is s/he self
most of the time?" confident and able to handle frustration
12Oral Language Proficiency Test. or failure? Adapted from B. Mace-Matluck,
Examples: IDEA, LAS Example of Linguistic Southwest Educational Development
Structures Measured by the LAS. X. X. X. Laboratory (SEDL).
X. X. X. Listening. Speaking. 45Getting Started. Identify a cross
Communi-cation Skills. Vocabulary. Syntax. section of grade representatives and
Semantics. Phonology. select a “chief worrier” Access all of the
13Norm Referenced Test. Examples: CTBS – available resources from the TEA and ISLA
Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills SAT – websites Determine the assessment
Stanford Achievement Test CAT – California activities to be used campus wide Organize
Achievement Test Bilingual or ESL Program the assessments in a notebook to be
Placement Criteria Score below the 40th disseminated to every classroom teacher
percentile or Unable to take the test due Schedule “reliability training” to ensure
to limited English proficiency Issues with that everyone is utilizing the rubrics in
SATs Assess reading skills, not writing similar fashion – use student work samples
Challenging for students with Poor reading including voice recordings for this
skills Learning disabilities Limited training Develop a district-wide
attention span. consistent record keeping system.
14Texas Education Agency Requirements. 461. The bandage was wound around the
LPAC – Language Proficiency Assessment wound. 2. The farm was used to produce
Committee Role Composition Some Decision produce. 3. The dump was so full that it
Making Points Documentation. had to refuse more refuse. 4. We must
http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessm polish the Polish furniture. 5. He could
nt/ resources/guides/lpac/index.html. lead if he would get the lead out. 6. The
15Federal (NCLB) Requirements. TELPAS – soldier decided to desert his dessert in
Texas English Language Proficiency the desert. 7. Since there is no time like
Assessment System the present, he thought it was time to
http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessm present the present. 8. A bass was painted
nt/telpas /telpas_guide.pdf Meets NCLB on the head of the bass drum. 9. When shot
federal requirements Assesses ELLs in at, the dove dove into the bushes. 10. I
Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing did not object to the object. Reasons Why
Parent brochure available the English Language is Hard to Learn:
http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessm 47Reasons Why the English Language is
nt/resources Hard to Learn (Continued). 11. The
/guides/parent_csr/telpas.html Uses 4 insurance was invalid for the invalid. 12.
proficiency ratings – Beginning, There was a row among the oarsmen about
Intermediate, Advanced, and Advanced High how to row. 13. They were too close to the
Has two parts: TOP (Texas Observation door to close it. 14. The buck does funny
Protocols) – Grades K-12 RPTE (Reading things when the does are present. 15. A
proficiency Tests in English) – Grades seamstress and a sewer fell down into a
3-12. sewer line. 16. To help with planting, the
16TOP – Texas Observation Protocols farmer taught his sow to sow. 17. The wind
(READING - Grades K – 2). Reading (K-2) – was too strong to wind the sail. 18. After
Formative assessment, using grade level a number of injections, my jaw got number.
rubrics found in the TOP Rater Manual, 19. Upon seeing the tear in the painting,
based on the following types of I shed a tear. 20. I had to subject the
activities: Paired reading Sing-alongs and subject to a series of tests. 21. How can
read-a-longs, including chants and poems; I intimate this to my most intimate
Shared reading with big books, etc. Guided friend?
reading with leveled readers/texts Reading 48Reasons Why the English Language is
subject-area texts and related materials Hard to Learn (Continued). Let's face it -
Independent reading Literature circles English is a crazy language. There is no
Cooperative group work Reading response egg in eggplant nor ham in hamburger;
journals Sustained silent reading. neither apple nor pine in pineapple.
17TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors English muffins weren't invented in
Grades K-1 Reading. England or French fries in France.
http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessm Sweetmeats are candies while sweetbreads,
nt/admin/rpte /Descriptors_06.pdf. which aren't sweet, are meat. We take
18TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors English for granted. But if we explore its
Grade 2 Reading. paradoxes, we find that quicksand can work
19RPTE – Reading Proficiency Tests in slowly, boxing rings are square and a
English. Grades 3 – 12 Designed especially guinea pig is neither from Guinea nor is
for ELLs Variety of reading selections and it a pig. And why is it that writers write
questions Span range of English reading but fingers don't fing, grocers don't
ability Different RPTE test for grade groce and hammers don't ham? If the plural
groups (3, 4-5, 6-8, 9-12) of tooth is teeth, why isn't the plural of
http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessm booth beeth? One goose, 2 geese. So one
nt/resources/release/rpte/index.html. moose, 2 meese? One index, 2 indices?
http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessm Doesn't it seem crazy that you can make
nt/teachers.html. amends but not one amend, that you comb
20RPTE – Reading Proficiency Tests in through annals of history but not a single
English EXEMPTIONS. ELL students in annal? If you have a bunch of odds and
special education may be exempted by ARD ends and get rid of all but one of them,
Committee 2nd semester non-English what do you call it? If teachers taught,
speaking immigrants may be exempted by why didn't preachers praught?
LPAC ELLs with parental denials may not be 49Reasons Why the English Language is
exempted. Hard to Learn (Continued). If a vegetarian
21TOP – Texas Observation Protocols eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian
(WRITING -- Grades K – 12). Writing (K-12) eat? In what language do people recite at
– Formative assessment, using grade level a play and play at a recital? Ship by
rubrics found in the TOP Rater Manual, of truck and send cargo by ship? Have noses
3-5 writing samples, including academic that run and feet that smell? How can a
and non-academic work, taken at time of slim chance and a fat chance be the same,
rating. Examples of writing taken from TEA while a wise man and a wise guy are
website may include: Journal writing for opposites? Have you noticed that we talk
personal reflections Shared writing and about certain things only when they are
language experience dictation Organization absent? Have you ever seen a horseful
of thoughts and ideas through prewriting carriage or a strapful gown? Met a sung
strategies Writing assignments in various hero or experienced requited love? Have
subject areas Publishing and presenting you ever run into someone who was
Labeling pictures, objects, and items from combobulated, gruntled, ruly or peccable?
projects Cooperative group work Learning And where are all those people who are
logs for content-area concept attainment spring chickens or who would actually hurt
First drafts Revising and editing skill a fly? You have to marvel at the unique
application lunacy of a language in which your house
http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessm can burn up as it burns down, in which you
nt/telpas /telpas_prompts.pdf. fill in a form by filling it out, and in
22TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors which an alarm goes off by going on.
Grades K-1 Writing. English was invented by people, not
http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessm computers, and it reflects the creativity
nt/admin/rpte/Descriptors_06.pdf. of the human race (which, of course, isn't
23TOP Proficiency Level Descriptors a race at all). That is why, when the
Grades 2-12 Writing. stars are out, they are visible, but when
24Grade 4 Writing Example. the lights are out, they are invisible.
25Grade 8 Writing Example. And why, when I wind up my watch, I start
26GRADE 4 Writing Example (High Level). it, but when I wind up this essay, I end
27Other ideas for assessing writing: it?
Develop essay questions from text material 50Sample TExES Item: A fifth-grade
covered. Be directive, e.g., compare, student arrived from his home country, El
critique, define, etc. Allow students Salvador, last year with no prior formal
adequate time for a full response. education. He is now in his second year in
28Content Area Examples – Science. a Texas school and is receiving bilingual
Science Example 1: (6th – 8th grade) and ESL services. He is still at the
Scientists tell us that there are hundreds beginning stages of Spanish literacy
of asteroids that could collide with the development, English language development,
earth anytime. One such asteroid did in and academic development. What would be
fact collide with the earth millions of the state policy with regard to the
years ago during the time of the assessment of academic skills in this
dinosaurs. Describe where you think this student’s case? The language proficiency
asteroid might have hit the earth and what assessment committee (LPAC) may recommend
kinds of physical changes took place that the assessment of English language
afterwards. Imagine that you have just skills be waived; however, an assessment
heard on the news that an asteroid is of academic skills must be administered in
going to hit the earth in a few days. either English or Spanish. Since he is
Describe ways that scientists will try and enrolled in the bilingual program,
keep the asteroid from hitting the earth. assessment of academic skills must be
How will people react and what will you administered in either English or Spanish.
do? Science Example 2: (9th-12th grade) The LPAC may determine that neither
You are given two test tubes, one labeled English nor Spanish proficiency tests
Protein Q, the other labeled Protein Z. would be an appropriate measure for school
How could you tell if these tubes really accountability. Since he is now in his
contained different proteins? Outline the second year of enrollment in a U.s.
experimental procedure you would follow. school, the school must administer an
29Content Area Examples – Social assessment of academic skills in English.
Studies. Social Studies Example 1: (6th – 51Sample TExES Item: A middle school ESL
8th grade) Step back into time to the teacher is working with a group of ESL
1600’s. You are a woman with lots of students whose English-language abilities
intelligence, lots of ideas and lots to vary. Which of the following would be the
offer the world. Write an entry in your most appropriate strategy for evaluating
diary explaining your frustration because the progress of students who are at
you are about to get married to a man you different proficiency levels in English.
don’t even know. Your marriage has been Using multiple measures, such as
arranged by your parents and you have no observations, test scores, and samples of
choice but to marry this man. He is quite daily work Selecting language achievement
a bit older than you. You are much more tests that have been normed on a similar
interested in using your intelligence and student population. Establishing a grading
education for something. Write in your curve and distributing students’ test
diary about what you want to do, and why results along the curve Assessing students
your society probably won’t let you. only in those areas of English in which
Social Studies Example 2: (9th – 12th they have achieved competence.
grade) An important function of the United 52RESOURCES. http://www.sbec.state.tx.us
Nations is to help settle disputes between http://www.tea.state.tx.us. Canales, J.
nations. Describe how one dispute was (Fall, 1988). “Assessment of language
handled successfully, point out how the proficiency: Informing policy and
settlement illustrates a general strength practice.” Position paper prepared for
of the United Nations. Describe also how Southwest Educational Development
one dispute was handled unsuccessfully, Laboratory (SEDL) to assist state
pointing out how this illustrates a education agencies in defining language
general weakness of the United Nations. assessment policy and practices. Canales,
30Describe the characteristics of the J. (1993) Innovative assessment in
party system in the U.S. illustrated in traditional settings. The power of two
the cartoon below. Social Studies Example languages: Literacy & biliteracy for
3 (9th – 12th grade). Spanish speaking students. New York:
31Content Area Examples – Language Arts. MacMillan-McGraw Hill Publishing Company,
Language Arts Example 1: (6th – 8th grade) pp. 132-142. Canales, J. (1994) Linking
The main character in this story is an language assessment to classroom
eighth grade girl who overhears her practices. TABE Compendium. San Antonio,
teachers arguing about her. She is a Texas: Texas Association for Bilingual
straight A student and seems to do well in Education, Fall, pp. 59-73. Peregoy, S.F.
class. Describe what you think the & Boyle, O.B. (1997). Reading,
teachers are discussing and what it might writing, and learning in ESL: A resource
have to do with the green and gold book for K-8 teachers (3rd ed.). White
“Scholarship Jacket”. Language Arts Plains, New York: Longman Publishing
Example 2: (9th – 12 grade) Use a picture Group. Websites:
or a cartoon and ask students to create a
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