Тексты на английском
Environmental Issues Affecting the Pantanal: How to Solve Them
Environmental Issues Affecting the Pantanal: How to Solve Them
The Pantanal Cont’d
The Pantanal Cont’d
The Pantanal Cont’d
The Pantanal Cont’d
The Cerrado:
The Cerrado:
Effects of “slash and burn” agriculture in the Cerrado:
Effects of “slash and burn” agriculture in the Cerrado:
Hidrovia project Cont’d
Hidrovia project Cont’d
Hidrovia Project Cont’d
Hidrovia Project Cont’d
Hidrovia project Cont’d
Hidrovia project Cont’d
Approaches for Human Activity & Wetland Management
Approaches for Human Activity & Wetland Management
Approaches for Human Activity & Wetland Management Cont’d
Approaches for Human Activity & Wetland Management Cont’d
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Environmental Issues Affecting the Pantanal: How to Solve Them

содержание презентации «Environmental Issues Affecting the Pantanal: How to Solve Them.ppt»
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1Environmental Issues Affecting the 9µg/kg/day Health Hazard for Fish, Wildlife
Pantanal: How to Solve Them? By: Kazuto & Humans Digging & Excavation ?
Senga. Erosion ? Sedimentation in Rivers.
2The Pantanal. One of the largest 10Hidrovia Project: Construction of a
seasonally flooded wetland in the world. Highway and Waterway system In order to
Area = Approx.140,000 km? Connected to improve product transportation through
Paraguay, Cuiaba, and Negro Rivers. Map Mato Grosso Province. Largest potential
depicting Wetland Area and River Systems for wetland damage.
of Mato Grosso, Brasil. 11Hidrovia project Cont’d. Highway
3The Pantanal Cont’d. Seasonally System Will go through Pantanal to reach
Flooded Wetland (Dry Summer, Flooded Rest Cuiaba City Increased Erosion &
of Year). Consist of Many Circular Bodies Deforestation Interferes Animal Habitats
of Water (each has unique chemical and causes road kill. Photo:
properties). Photos: Aerial View of the Transamazonica Highway – Santana do
Pantanal. Araguaia, Brazil (by Kazuto Senga 2002).
4The Pantanal Cont’d. Most number of 12Hidrovia Project Cont’d. Waterway
Floating Hydrophytes in the world. Common System Deepening of canals on rivers and
Hydrophytes: Salvinia Typically Low streams Designed to prevent drought and
Nutrient Home for many species of fish and non-navigable water conditions. Photo:
wildlife, as well as humans. Photo: The Unused ferry boat during dry season and
Pantanal Wetland – Pantanal, Brazil (by shallow water – Palmas Tocantins, Brazil
David Schaub 2002). (by David Schaub 2002).
5Major Human Activities that Threaten 13Hidrovia project Cont’d. Seasonal
the Pantanal: Sewage pollution from Cuiaba flooding system will be heavily altered.
City Effects of “slash and burn” Affect organisms adapted to seasonal
agriculture in the Cerrado Mercury floodings. Pantanal will be drained much
discharge from gold mining Hidrovia faster ? longer drought period. Loss of
Transportation Project. Hydrophytes, Fish & Others. Create
6Sewage Pollution from Cuiaba: No Water uncontrolled floods downstream. Cuiaba
Treatment Plant Wastes flow into Pantanal River may be flooded by Paraguay River.
through Cuiaba River Causes Diseases: Photos Above: Drought and Flooded
Cholera, Dengue Fever, Yellow Fever, etc. Conditions of the Pantanal.
Pesticides (DDT) flows into Pantanal, 14Approaches for Human Activity &
causing health hazards for humans and Wetland Management. Government and
animals, especially Birds. Community Involvement Increase enforcement
7The Cerrado: Savanna vegetation in in the wetland areas. Prevent poaching,
dryer regions of wetlands in S. America. illegal gold mining, limit slash and burn
Commonly used for agriculture. Slash & agriculture. Educate the importance of
Burn Agriculture: Unwanted vegetation wetlands. Potential for tourism, better
(trees and shrubs) cleared by burning, fishing (fish farming), clean water,
then grassland formed for cattle. long-term benefits. Photo: “Hunting for
Unfortunately, nutrients (mainly in burned Fish and Animals is a Crime” – Cangussu
vegetation ashes) used up by erosion, River, Brazil (by David Schaub 2002).
leaching, water runoff, winds. Land 15Approaches for Human Activity &
productive for only 3 ~ 4 years. Photo: Wetland Management Cont’d. Construction of
The Cerrado – Brasilia National Park (by sewage treatment plant in Cuiaba Create a
Kazuto Senga 2002). Pantanal National Park Government
8Effects of “slash and burn” protection of wetlands from any
agriculture in the Cerrado: Unproductive construction and decrease human activity.
land become “bare”, which leads to: Good for local communities through new
Erosion Increased Sedimentation in River economic opportunities, ie) tourism. Lower
& Streams. Interferes with Water Input incentive to use excess natural resources.
& Output into WL. Also lowers Photos Above: Sample Pictures of Brasilian
nutrients. Photo 1: Burning and converting Wetlands.
the Cerrado Photo 2: Cerrado Grassland for 16Conclusions: Much work needed in the
Cattle Farming – Tocantins, Brazil (by Mato Grosso region to provide long-term
Kazuto Senga 2002). solution for the protection of the
9Mercury discharge from gold mining: Pantanal. Human involvement and teamwork
Used Mercury leaches into soil and ground is crucial for the possible solutions to
water. Mercury carried by runoff and work. Help from organizations and
vaporization into rivers & streams technological aid from other countries.
Heavy Metal Contamination in Wetlands (EMBRAPA) Pantanal will no longer function
Poisoning through bioaccumulation & as a stable wetland environment, if we
food chain. Mercury Presence = 0.08 ~ 0.64 continue to ignore the potential
µg/g in Rondonia World Health environmental issues affecting it.
Organization’s suggested limit = 0.43
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