<<   Progressive and Glitter Rock  >>
Elvis Presley (1935-1977)
Elvis Presley (1935-1977)
Elvis Break
Elvis Break
Elvis conquers Hollywood
Elvis conquers Hollywood
The Comeback Special (1968)
The Comeback Special (1968)
Elvis, the 70s and Vegas
Elvis, the 70s and Vegas
Little Richard (1932- )
Little Richard (1932- )
Richards hits 1956-57
Richards hits 1956-57
Jerry Lee Lewis (1935- )
Jerry Lee Lewis (1935- )
Lewis hits (1957-1958)
Lewis hits (1957-1958)
More Jerry
More Jerry
Sidebar: Screamin Jay Hawkins
Sidebar: Screamin Jay Hawkins
Chuck Berry (1926- )
Chuck Berry (1926- )
Berrys hits (1956-58)
Berrys hits (1956-58)
The Everly Brothers
The Everly Brothers
Buddy Holly
Buddy Holly
Hollys Hits (1957-1958)
Hollys Hits (1957-1958)
The Day the Music Died February 3, 1959
The Day the Music Died February 3, 1959
Ricky Nelson (1940-1985)
Ricky Nelson (1940-1985)
Beatlemania
Beatlemania
1965  Films and Rubber Soul
1965 Films and Rubber Soul
1965  Films and Rubber Soul
1965 Films and Rubber Soul
1966-1967  Controversy & Sgt
1966-1967 Controversy & Sgt
1966-1967  Controversy & Sgt
1966-1967 Controversy & Sgt
End of an era
End of an era
End of an era
End of an era
End of an era
End of an era
The Animals
The Animals
The Kinks
The Kinks
The Who
The Who
The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Exile on Main St
Exile on Main St
Sidebar  The Pretty Things
Sidebar The Pretty Things
Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
Another Side
Another Side
The Beach Boys
The Beach Boys
Pet Sounds
Pet Sounds
Frank Zappa (1940-1993)
Frank Zappa (1940-1993)
Hot Rats
Hot Rats
Eric Clapton (1945- )
Eric Clapton (1945- )
Eric Clapton (1945- )
Eric Clapton (1945- )
Cream
Cream
More Clapton
More Clapton
Jim Morrison and The Doors
Jim Morrison and The Doors
The Grateful Dead
The Grateful Dead
Jimi Hendrix (1942-1970)
Jimi Hendrix (1942-1970)
Electric Ladyland
Electric Ladyland
James Taylor (1948- )
James Taylor (1948- )
Simon and Garfunkel
Simon and Garfunkel
Carole King
Carole King
Elton John (1947- )
Elton John (1947- )
Bruce Springsteen (1949- )
Bruce Springsteen (1949- )
Born to Run
Born to Run
The Byrds
The Byrds
The Buffalo Springfield
The Buffalo Springfield
The Flying Burrito Brothers
The Flying Burrito Brothers
Crosby, Stills & Nash (and Young)
Crosby, Stills & Nash (and Young)
Crosby, Stills & Nash (and Young)
Crosby, Stills & Nash (and Young)
Creedence Clearwater Revival
Creedence Clearwater Revival
The Band
The Band
Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
King Crimson
King Crimson
Gary Glitter (1944- )
Gary Glitter (1944- )
Marc Bolan (1947-1977)
Marc Bolan (1947-1977)
David Bowie (1947- )
David Bowie (1947- )
The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
Alice Cooper
Alice Cooper
Kiss
Kiss
Iggy Pop and the Stooges
Iggy Pop and the Stooges
The New York Dolls
The New York Dolls
Sly and the Family Stone
Sly and the Family Stone
James Brown (1933-2006)
James Brown (1933-2006)
George Clinton (1941- )
George Clinton (1941- )
The Bee Gees
The Bee Gees
The Village People
The Village People
Donna Summer (1948- )
Donna Summer (1948- )
Sex Pistols
Sex Pistols
The Clash
The Clash
The Ramones
The Ramones
Blondie
Blondie
Talking Heads
Talking Heads
The Police
The Police
Elvis Costello
Elvis Costello
Madonna
Madonna
Like A Prayer (1989)
Like A Prayer (1989)
Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
Thriller (1982)
Thriller (1982)
Prince
Prince
Nirvana
Nirvana
Bj?rk
Bj?rk
Liz Phair
Liz Phair
P. J. Harvey
P. J. Harvey
Answer:
Answer:
Answer:
Answer:
Answer:
Answer:
Ike Turner and Rocket 88 (1951)
Ike Turner and Rocket 88 (1951)
Bill Haley and the Comets
Bill Haley and the Comets
Bill Haley and the Comets
Bill Haley and the Comets
History of Rock and Roll Introduction

: . , . , History of Rock and Roll Introduction.ppt zip- 2794 .

History of Rock and Roll Introduction

History of Rock and Roll Introduction.ppt
1History of Rock and Roll Introduction. 73Cover of Taylors debut album.
What is Rock and Roll and who coined the 74Simon and Garfunkel. The duo of Paul
term? 1. Simon (1941- ) and Art Garfunkel (1941- )
2Rock and Roll History I. Sam Phillips enjoyed their biggest success in 1969 with
Finds His Star Who was Sam Phillips? 2. Bridge Over Troubled Water.. SOURCES:
3Sam Phillips (1923-2003). Sam Phillips Shirley, 95-96.
was a disc jockey who started the Memphis http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_and_Gar
Recording Service on January 3, 1950. It unkel. 74.
later became the Sun Records label. From 75Beatles Solo Careers. In 1970 Paul
1950-1954 he recorded black R&B McCartney released McCartney, George
artists that included: Bobby Blue Bland, Harrison, All Things Must Pass, and John
Chester Howlin Wolf Burnett, James Lennon, Plastic Ono Band. Lennons Imagine
Cotton, Roscoe Gordon, Riley B.B. King, (1971) was an especially impressive solo
Little Milton, Herman Little Junior performance.. SOURCE: Shirley, 97. 75.
Parker, Rufus Hound Dog Thomas. Was 76Carole King. Born Carole Klein in 1942
concerned his black artists would not be in Brooklyn, NY. Married Gerry Goffin and
able to break through into the white churned out many chart-topping hits (The
mainstream market. Began searching for a Loco-motion, Will You Love Me Tomorrow)
white artist who could play and sing in during the 1960s from the famous Brill
this same exciting, alive way. Who would Building. In 1968 released her first solo
be that artist? 3. SOURCES: recording, Now That Everythings Been
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Phillips; Said. In 1971 released Tapestry, a rich
Shirley, 14. collection of new highly personal tunes
4Elvis Presley (1935-1977). Received with her older pop standards. Now regarded
his first guitar at 11. Early influences as one of pop musics most beloved and
included: hymns, gospel, country, and respected recordings. I Feel the Earth
bluegrass. In 1947 his family moved to Move and A Natural Woman were
Memphis and he began listening to blues controversial for their sexually
and R&B. In 1950 he began hearing Sam suggestive content. It was also the first
Phillips Sun Studios recordings. In 1953 time a young woman had sung so openly
he paid $4 to record My Happiness and about her own feelings. SOURCES: Shirley,
Thats When Your Heartaches Begin at Sun 97-98.
Studios. Elvis Presley. 4. SOURCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carole_King.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley 76. Cover of Tapestry (1971).
Shirley, 14-15. 77Elton John (1947- ). Born Reginald
5Elvis Break. During a break in a 1954 Kenneth Dwight in Pinner, England. In 1969
recording session with guitarist Scotty released his first album, Empty Sky. In
Moore and bassist Bill Black, Elvis began 1970 had better success with his album,
singing an Arthur Crudup blues song, Elton John, because of Your Song. Was
Thats All Right. It was released 2 known for his live performances with huge
weeks later with Blue Moon of Kentucky sunglasses and wild onstage antics. Honky
and caused a sensation. Two months later Chateau (1972) captured some of that
Presley, Moore, and Black released Good energy and rose to #1 on the pop charts as
Rockin Tonight and in less than a year did his next 6 albums. Popular mid-70s
he became the most popular entertainer in singles included: Benny and the Jets,
the mid-south. In 1955 Colonel Tom Parker Rocket Man, and Philadelphia Freedom..
arranged for RCA to buy out Elvis SOURCES: Shirley, 98-99.
contract for $35,000. Elvis at the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elton_John.
Mississippi-Alabama State Fair in 1956. 5. 77. Pinball Wizard from Tommy (1975).
SOURCES: 78Bruce Springsteen (1949- ). Born in
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley Longbranch, NJ. Inspired to become a
Shirley, 16-18. musician when he saw Elvis on The Ed
6Elvis conquers the charts. In 1956, Sullivan Show. Discovered in 1972 by John
Elvis had the #1 country single (I Forgot Hammond of Columbia Records and billed as
to Remember to Forget), the #1 R&B the new Bob Dylan. Released Greetings
single (Heartbreak Hotel), and the #1 from Asbury Park and The Wild, the
Pop single (I Want You, I Need You, I Innocent, and the E Street Shuffle in 1973
Love You). In 1957, he released the to critical, but not commercial acclaim.
following hit singles: Hound Dog, Dont Songs included: Rosalita, Blinded by
Be Cruel, Love Me Tender, Jailhouse the Light, and Growing Up. Rolling
Rock, All Shook Up, and Teddy Bear. Stone critic Jon Landau wrote, I have
He appeared on January 6 on The Ed seen rock and rolls future, and his name
Sullivan Show from the waist up. Drafted is Bruce Springsteen.. SOURCES: Shirley,
by the U.S. Army in 1958. 6. SOURCES: 99-102.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruce_Springs
Shirley, 18-19. een. 78. On the cover of Rolling Stone.
7Elvis conquers Hollywood. Love Me 79Born to Run. Released Born to Run in
Tender (1956), Loving You, Jailhouse Rock 1975. Was one of the eras most exciting
(1957), King Creole (1958), Flaming Star albums. Springsteen became a nationwide
(1960), Blue Hawaii (1961), Viva Las Vegas phenomenon. In 1979 released Darkness at
(1964) are among the 31 motion pictures he the Edge of Town, a darker more brooding
made. 7. SOURCES: picture of American life. His most popular
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley tune of the 80s was Born in the U.S.A.
Shirley, 19-20. Graphic: (1984) a song about a country that had
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jailhouse_Roc turned its back on its citizens. The solo
_%28movie%29. album, Nebraska (1982), told stories about
8The Comeback Special (1968). Elvis murder, death, and disappointment in the
did a one hour prime time TV special on American heartland.. SOURCES: Shirley,
NBC in December of 1968 in which he went 102-104.
back to his rock and roll roots in an http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruce_Springs
attempt to revive his career. In 1969 a een. 79.
song introduced during the Special, 80Sidebar: The Shaggs. In March 1969
Suspicious Minds, hit #1 on the pop Austin Wiggins, Jr. of Fremont, NH
charts. Elvis during the Comeback Special. recorded his three completely musically
8. SOURCES: untrained daughters. Their music had no
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley conventional chords or melodies, but was
Shirley, 20-21. held together by the intensity of the
9Elvis, the 70s and Vegas. From 1969 to bands weird notes and rhythms, and the
1977 Elvis performed over 1000 sold-out sincerity of their offbeat lyrics.
shows in Las Vegas and on tour. Many Philosophy of the World got airplay in
believe the January 1973 Aloha from Boston and positive critiques from Terry
Hawaii concert, the first to be broadcast Adams and Frank Zappa. Was rereleased in
worldwide by satellite, is the best of his 1975 and 1980. Earned Comeback band of
career. Elvis Presley died on August 16, the Year from Rolling Stone. They remain
1977. He had been addicted to prescription one of the most unusual events in the
drugs and also had a history of a weak history of rock and roll. SOURCE: Shirley,
heart and kidneys. He was 42. The 70s 100-101. 80.
Elvis. 9. SOURCES: 81The Byrds. Began introducing folk and
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley country elements into their songs. Led by
Shirley, 21. singers Roger McGuinn and David Crosby,
10Musical Milestones. During his they popularized such folk songs as
lifetime, Elvis Presley: recorded 104 Seegers Turn, Turn, Turn and Dylans
singles that hit the Top 40 of the Mr. Tambourine Man.. SOURCES: Shirley,
Billboard pop chart. had 18 #1 Billboard 104.
hits, including four singles in 1956 that http://www.vh1.com/artists/az/byrds/artist
occupied the top of the charts for a jhtml. 81.
cumulative total of 25 weeks. The total 82The Buffalo Springfield. With its
(18) is surpassed only by The Beatles, who talented lead singer-guitarists Stephen
had 20 #1 hits. His closest competitor is Stills and Neil Young, they infused folk,
Mariah Carey with a total of 16 #1 hits. country, and bluegrass elements into their
has spent a total of 79 Weeks at the #1 rock songs, Bluebird, Rock and Roll
position. His closest competitor is Mariah Woman, and For What Its Worth..
Carey with 73 weeks. had 38 Top 10 SOURCES: Shirley, 104-105.
Billboard hits. This total is currently http://www.thebuffalospringfield.com/index
unchallenged; the closest competitor, .html. 82.
Madonna, has 35. The Beatles had 34 Top 10 83The Flying Burrito Brothers. Most
hits during their career. Other records often connected with Gram Parsons
set by Elvis Presley: From 3/1956 to (1946-1973), The Flying Burrito Brothers
11/1959, there was at least one Elvis song brought a rougher, more traditional edge
on the singles chart. From 1956 to 1962, to their music. SOURCES: Shirley, 105.
he had 24 top 5 hit singles in a row, each http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_Burrit
of which sold in excess of one million _Brothers. 83. The Gilded Palace of Sin
copies. The closest anyone has come to (1969).
this was Madonna in the late 1980s and 84Crosby, Stills & Nash (and Young).
early 1990s, with 19 consecutive top 5 In 1969 Stills (Buffalo Springfield) and
hits. On the official UK Top 40 chart, Crosby (The Byrds) lured Graham Nash from
"It's Now Or Never" reached #1 the Hollies to form a vocal trio. Their
in the week of January 30, 2005, 27 years 1969 debut album (left) featured Stills
after Presley's death. Elvis Presley has sinewy guitar solos and their high,
116.5 million albums and approximately 50 chirpy harmonies on songs such as
million singles certified by RIAA in the Marrakesh Express and Suite: Judy Blue
United States, making his total US record Eyes. For Woodstock Stills recruited Neil
sales aproximately 167 million. 10. Young (Buffalo Springfield) to play
SOURCES: guitar. Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley released two very successful albums, D?j?
11Quotes about Elvis. Elvis was the only Vu (1970) and 4-Way Street (1971).
man from Northeast Mississippi who could SOURCES: Shirley, 105-106.
shake his hips and still be loved by http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crosby%2C_Sti
rednecks, cops, and hippies. -- Jimmy ls_and_Nash. 84.
Buffett. When I first heard Elvis' voice, 85Creedence Clearwater Revival. Started
I just knew that I wasn't going to work out as The Blue Velvets, then The
for anybody, and nobody was going to be my Golliwogs. Remade Van Morrisons
boss. He is the deity supreme of rock and Brown-Eyed Girl in the mid-60s. CCR
roll religion as it exists in today's included John Fogerty, his brother Tom,
form. Hearing him for the first time was Stu Cooke, and Doug Clifford. Hits
like busting out of jail. I thank God for included: Born on the Bayou, Proud
Elvis Presley... Elvis recorded a song of Mary, Green River, and Bad Moon
mine, that's the one recording I treasure Rising. Music was hard, jangling,
the most. -- Bob Dylan. Don't blame it on rock-inspired folk music. In 1969-70 they
Elvis, for shakin' his pelvis, Shakin' the released 7 Top 10 singles. SOURCES:
pelvis been in style way back since the Shirley, 106-107.
River Nile. -- The Fabulous McClevertys, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creedence_Cle
calypso singers, 1957. Before Elvis, there rwater_Revival. 85. Willy and the Poor
was nothing. -- John Lennon. Before Elvis, Boys (1969).
everything was in black and white. Then 86The Band. The Band was made up of 4
came Elvis. Zoom, glorious Technicolor. -- Canadians, organist Garth Hudson,
Keith Richards. No one will ever touch guitarist Robbie Robertson, bassist Rick
Elvis. -- Garth Brooks. Without Elvis, Danko, pianist Richard Manuel, and one
none of us could have made it. -- Buddy American, drummer Levon Helm. Originally
Holly. That Elvis, man, he is all there The Hawks, they were the backup band for
is. There ain't no more. Everything starts rockabilly singer Ronnie Hawkins. Played
and ends with him. He wrote the book. -- behind Bob Dylan on his 1966 tour. Music
Bruce Springsteen. 11. SOURCES: from the Big Pink (1968) and The Band
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley (1969) had some of the eras finest
12Rock and Roll History II. Hail, Hail, singles. Hits included: The Weight, Up
Rock and Roll. 12. on Cripple Creek, and The Night They
13Major label recording practices in the Drove Old Dixie Down. Toured with Dylan
early 1950s. Rerecord minor hits released again in the early 70s. Other notable
by small companies. Turn them into smash albums included: Rock of Ages, Before the
hits by making them less daring and Flood, and The Basement Tapes. SOURCES:
gearing them towards white middle America. Shirley, 107-108.
Example: Fats Dominos Aint that a http://theband.hiof.no/band_pictures/band_
Shame was covered by Pat Boone. 13. 8-76.html. 86. On The Ed Sullivan Show
14Goal of small record labels. Find (1969).
artists so talented and uniqueor so 87Rock and Roll History VIII. Bring on
outrageousthat their styles could not be the Noise. 87.
easily imitated by other artists on the 88Different Directions. While the
major labels. Who are 3 artists that fall majority of Americans were listening to
into this category? 14. folk and soft rock artists like James
15Answer. Little Richard Penniman Taylor, Carole King and Neil Young,
Jerry Lee Lewis Chuck Berry. 15. musicians playing hard rock, heavy
16Little Richard (1932- ). Born Richard metal, art rock, and glam rock were
Wayne Penniman. Producer Bumps Blackwell becoming popular to fans who missed the
was looking for a new Ray Charles for energy, spectacle and sheer volume of
Specialty Records. On September 13, 1955 late 1960s rock and roll.. SOURCE:
Richard recorded Tutti Frutti. The Shirley, 109. 88.
lyrics were changed from Tutti-frutti 89Led Zeppelin. Fronted by squealing
loose booty to Tutti frutti all rooty tenor Robert Plant and guitarist Jimmy
because Blackwell felt they were over the Page. Not very conscientious about
line. (Tutti-frutti was a slang term crediting their borrowed lyrics and
meaning a gay male.). 16. Little tunes from old blues songs. The music was
Richard. SOURCES: so loud it hardly mattered. By 1970 had
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Richar released three very successful albums. Led
; Shirley, 24-25. Zeppelin IV (1971) aka Zoso, featured
17Richards hits 1956-57. Long Tall [p]art acoustic ballad, part heavy metal
Sally / Slippin and Slidin Shes Got anthem Stairway to Heaven. Released the
It, Heeby-Jeebies, Lucille, and more sophisticated and challenging
Jenny-Jenny. His frantic performing House of the Holy in 1973. Influenced
style can be seen in such period films as Black Sabbath, Blue ?yster Cult,
Don't Knock the Rock (1956) and The Girl Aerosmith, AC/DC, Gunsn Roses, and
Can't Help It (1956), for which he sang Metallica. SOURCES: Shirley, 109-110.
the title song, written by Bobby Troup. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Led_Zeppelin.
In October 1957 he left show business to 89. Clockwise from left (Robert Plant,
enroll at a Pentecostal Bible college. His Jimmy Page, John Bonham, and John Paul
vocal style would influence Paul Jones).
McCartney, Mick Jagger, and John Fogerty 90Art Rock. Rock and Roll began to
(Creedence Clearwater Revival). 17. Little attract artists with backgrounds in
Richard in a 1957 performance. SOURCES: classical and jazz music. From the late
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Richar 60s bands such as Yes, King Crimson,
; Shirley, 27-29. Genesis, Jethro Tull, and Emerson, Lake
18More Little Richard. In 1959 he and Palmer represented what some have
returned to the music business, but was called art rock. One of the most
never as popular as he had been earlier. influential art rock bands was Pink Floyd.
In 1962, he toured the UK supported by The SOURCE: Shirley, 110. 90.
Beatles and The Rolling Stones who were 91Pink Floyd. Originally a cover band
big fans. In 1986 was one of the first that played offbeat versions of blues
inductees into the new Rock and Roll Hall tunes. Name borrowed from obscure Georgia
of Fame. He also appeared in the movie, blues artists Pink Anderson and Floyd
Down and Out in Beverly Hills, scoring a Council. Led by the unpredictable Syd
hit with Great Gosh-a-Mighty. In 2000 a Barrett from 1965-1968. In 1967 released
made-for-TV film, Little Richard, starred Piper at the Gates of Dawn which featured
Leon Robinson in the title role. 18. the wild, drug-inspired instrumental
SOURCES: Interstellar Overdrive. 1973s Dark
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Richar Side of the Moon was the first album to
. introduce electronic experimental music to
19Jerry Lee Lewis (1935- ). Cousin of a mass audience. It featured a U.S. Top
Mickey Gilley and Jimmy Swaggart. Joined 20 single (Money), and hit #1 in the
Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, Roy Orbison, U.S. chart. In 1979 they released The Wall
and Billy Lee Riley (Rockabilly artist) at with the hit Another Brick in the Wall.
Sam Phillips Sun Records in Memphis. It became the third best-selling album of
Recorded Crazy Arms in 1956. Recorded all time, worldwide, after Michael
Whole Lotta Shakin Goin On in 1957. Jacksons Thriller and The Eagles
Went wild kicking out the piano stool on Greatest Hits. SOURCES: Shirley, 112-113.
the Steve Allen Show. Nicknamed The http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pink_Floyd.
Killer for his outrageous 91. Pink Floyd in the early 70s.
on-and-off-stage antics. 19. Jerry Lee 92King Crimson. Formed in 1969 by the
Lewis. SOURCES: Shirley, 30-32. brilliant guitarist Robert Fripp (1946- ).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Lee_Lew Their restrained performing style kept
s. them from gaining a mass audience. During
20Lewis hits (1957-1958). Breathless the early 70s they featured some of
and Great Balls of Fire. Crazy is an Englands most talented musicians. On the
error in the text. In December 1957 wed bands 5 albums Fripp never played with
his 13 year old second cousin, Myra Gale the same musicians twice. SOURCES:
Brown, starting a scandal that hurt his Shirley, 113-114.
career. In 1958 appeared in the film, High http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Crimson.
School Confidential, performing the title 92. In the Court of the Crimson King
cut standing on the open deck of a truck. (1969).
20. Jerry Lee at the piano. SOURCES: 93Glam Rock. British artists in the
Shirley, 32-33; early 70s were pushing the wild,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Lee_Lew theatrical side of rock and roll. Glitter
s. or glam rock artists were easily
21More Jerry. 1n 1986 was inducted into recognized by their brightly colored
the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 1989 clothes, platform shoes and makeup. It
was the subject of the film, Great Balls portrayed a world where the misfit became
of Fire, starring Dennis Quaid based on the hero. SOURCE: Shirley, 114. 93.
the book by his ex-wife Myra. In February 94Gary Glitter (1944- ). Born Paul
of 2005 he was given a Lifetime Francis Gadd. Sang with enthusiasm and
Achievement Award by the Recording intensity becoming one of glam rocks most
Academy. He released in September of 2006 popular performers. Enjoyed many hits in
a new CD, Last Man Standing, with an Britain, but his only hit single in the US
amazing list of guest artists.. 21. was Rock and Roll (Part 2).. SOURCES:
Lewis with fan Lisa Marie Presley. SOURCE: Shirley, 114-115.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Lee_Lew http://www.garyglitter.8m.com/glitter.htm.
s; 94.
http://theband.hiof.no/albums/the_pilgrim. 95Marc Bolan (1947-1977). Born Mark Feld
tml. in London, England. Formed the band
22Sidebar: Screamin Jay Hawkins. Jalacy Tyrannosaurus Rex with percussionist Steve
Hawkins (1929-2000). Known primarily for Peregrine Took. Took left the group in
the song, I put a spell on you. At the 1970 and Bolan shortened the bands name
beginning of his shows, he would emerge to T. Rex. Hits included: Bang a Gong
from a coffin dressed in a Dracula-like and Hot Love. Died in an automobile
cape. Also used leopard fur and red accident in 1977. SOURCES: Shirley, 115.
leather. Cited Paul Robeson and Enrico http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marc_Bolan.
Caruso as influences. The film, Stranger 95.
than Paradise, repopularized I put a 96David Bowie (1947- ). Born David
spell on you in 1983. Hawkins also Robert Jones in London, England. Began as
appeared in the film, Mystery Train, as a a folk singer, but soon shifted to a
hotel night clerk. 22. Screamin Jay louder, more theatrical style. In 1971
Hawkins. SOURCES: Shirley, 34; released Hunky Dory which included Queen
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Screamin%27_J Bitch, Oh! You Pretty Things, and
y_Hawkins. Kooks. In 1972 the release of The Rise
23Chuck Berry (1926- ). Born in St. and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders
Louis. Influences included Nat King Cole, from Mars made him an international star.
T. Bone Walker, and Muddy Waters. In 1955 The album told the story of a gifted but
Waters discovered him at a small blues misunderstood rock star from outer space.
club in Chicago and introduced him to In a tribute to Jimi Hendrix it featured
Leonard and Cliff Chess of Chess Records hard, aggressive rock and roll and
who had recently signed Bo Diddley. In inspired performances by Bowie and
September 55 he recorded Maybellene, a guitarist Mick Ronson. SOURCES: Shirley,
remake of the country hit, Ida Red (May) 115-117.
which reached #5 on the pop charts and #1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Bowie.
on the R&B charts. 23. The dapper 96. David Bowie as Ziggy Stardust.
Chuck Berry. SOURCES: Shirley, 35-36; 97Glam Bands. Mott the Hoople blended
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Berry; glam rock with Bob Dylan-style folk rock.
http://www.chuckberry.com/about/biography3 Their recording of Bowies All the Young
html. Dudes became the anthem for the glam rock
24Berrys hits (1956-58). Roll Over, movement. Roxy Music had a darker sound
Beethoven, School Days, Johnny B. that was the same uneasy mix of melody
Goode, and Sweet Little Sixteen. and experimentation as the best work of
Influenced numerous guitarists including the Beatles and Pink Floyd. They released
Jimi Hendrix and Keith Richards. Had legal Stranded with its hit Mother of Pearl in
troubles in 1960 and would never regain 1973. It is considered one of glam rocks
his popularity. 24. Chuck doing the duck finest musical statements. SOURCE:
walk.. SOURCES: Shirley, 38-39; Shirley, 117-118. 97.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Berry; 98Influence of Jazz. In 1964 saxophonist
http://www.chuckberry.com/music/charts.htm John Coltrane released A Love Supreme, an
. influence on Jimi Hendrix, Jerry Garcia,
25More Chuck Berry. Had a #1 hit in 1972 Carlos Santana, and John McLaughlin. In
with My Ding-a-ling. In 1978 appeared as 1967 Van Morrison released Astral Weeks
himself in American Hot Wax, a film bio of and works such as Moondance (1970) and
Alan Freed. In 1979 pled guilty to income Wavelength (1978) continued to have a
tax evasion. In 1985 receives Lifetime strong jazz element. Steve Winwood and
Achievement Award at the 27th Annual Traffic had a tense, jazzy feel to their
Grammy Awards. Is backed by Bruce best recordings such as Feelin All
Springsteen at the Concert for the Rock Right and Dear Mr. Fantasy. Their later
and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland. In releases John Barleycorn Must Die (1970)
1986 inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall and The Low Spark of High-heeled Boys
of Fame. In 1987 publishes his (1971) contained a spacious,
autobiography. Hail, Hail, Rock and Roll, jazz-oriented approach to rock
a documentary film tribute to Berry performance. Blood, Sweat and Tears 1967
directed by Keith Richards is released. classic The Child Is Father to the Man was
Still performs regularly. 25. SOURCES: perhaps the most successful fusion of rock
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Berry; and roll and jazz. Sadly when band leader
http://www.chuckberry.com/about/career.htm Al Kooper left their remaining albums
. lacked the tension and energy of the first
26Rock and Roll History III. The Day the one. A similar thing happened to Chicago.
Music Died. 26. The loud, guitar-driven jazz-rock sound
27Early Rock and Roll a Combination of of their first two albums, Chicago Transit
Six Styles. Blues Gospel Country and Authority (1969) and Chicago (1970),
Western Boogie Woogie Rhythm and Blues deteriorated into a bland and
Folk. SOURCE: Shirley, 40. 27. predictable pop group. SOURCE: Shirley,
28Rock and Roll as Synthesis. The most 118-119. 98.
successful musicians and performers were 99Rock and Roll History IX. Rock Goes
those who combined the previous elements Underground. 99.
into a sum greater than its parts. Rock 100American Misfit Rock & Roll. Kiss,
and Roll was neither black or white, Alice Cooper, Iggy and the Stooges, and
but an exciting mix of the two.. SOURCE: the New York Dolls represented glam rock
Shirley, 40-41. 28. American style, but with a harsher,
29Rockabilly. The great success of Elvis grittier image. The unofficial leader of
and others led to a decline in orginality this movement was Lou Reed. SOURCE:
in the late 50s as more artists imitated Shirley, 120. 100.
rather than originated. This was 101The Velvet Underground. Formed in the
especially true of country-inspired mid 60s by Lou Reed (1942- ). His main
Rockabilly musicians with the possible collaborator was John Cale. They were
exceptions of Eddie Cochran and Gene managed by pop artist Andy Warhol, but
Vincent. Rockabilly is a fusion of blues, never found a wide audience. Their mix of
hillbilly boogie, bluegrass, and melody and feedback was similar to Syd
country.. SOURCES: Shirley, 41; Barrett. Songs included: Heroin, Im
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockabilly. Waiting for the Man, The Gift, Pale
29. Blue Eyes, and Stephanie Says. Cale
30The Everly Brothers. In 1957 Don left in 1968. The band broke up in 1970.
(1937- ) and Phil (1939- ) Everly began Reed later released Transformer (1972),
mixing bluegrass and rock and roll. Rock n Roll Animal (1974), and Metal
Biggest hits were Bye, Bye Love and Machine Music (1975). The latter had no
Wake Up, Little Susie.. The Everly melodies, rhythms or instruments. SOURCES:
Brothers in 1957. SOURCES: Shirley, 41-42; Shirley, 120-121.
http://www.everlybrothers.com/html/photos. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velvet_Underg
tml. 30. ound. 101. Velvet Underground and Nico in
31Buddy Holly. Charles Hardin Holley 1966.
(1936-1959). Holly and Bob Montgomery had 102Alice Cooper. Born Vincent Furnier
been trying to bring elements of rhythm (1948- ). Delighted and terrified fans
and blues into country music. Influenced with his ghoulish makeup and costumes.
by Elvis Presley to give their music a Hard, aggressive anthems like Im 18
harder rhythm and blues edge. In October and Schools Out celebrated teen life
1955 Decca Records wanted only Holly for a and defiance of authority. SOURCES:
record deal. Recorded Love Me and Shirley, 121-122.
Modern Don Juan modest hits. Called it http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_Cooper.
quits with Decca in 1956. SOURCE: Shirley, 102. Alice Cooper.
42-43. 103Kiss. Gene Simmons and Paul Stanley
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddy_Holly. used simpler, more formulaic rock tunes
31. Holly with trademark glasses. and a more cartoonish, less-threatening
32Hollys Hits (1957-1958). Rerecorded stage presence to become one of the
Thatll Be the Day which reached #2 on nations most popular bands during the mid
the R&B charts. Oh Boy!, Not Fade 1970s. SOURCES: Shirley, 122.
Away, Every Day, Its So Easy to Fall http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KISS_%28band%
in Love, and Peggy Sue. First white 9. 103. Original Lineup (from left): Gene
performer to use the hiccup vocal Simmons, Peter Criss, Ace Frehley, and
technique on a popular recording. In 1958 Paul Stanley.
toured England (influenced The Beatles) 104Iggy Pop and the Stooges. Born James
and also released It Doesnt Matter Newell Osterberg, Jr. on April 21, 1947 in
Anymore.. SOURCES: Shirley, 43-44. Muskegon, MI. Was known for his wild,
http://www.buddyholly.com/. 32. Buddy spastic onstage movements. Is considered
Holly and the Crickets. by many to be one of the innovators of
33The Day the Music Died February 3, punk rock. Pop has also been in fifteen
1959. Holly joined the Winter Dance movies, including Sid and Nancy, The Color
Party, a 2-week tour of the northern of Money, Hardware, The Crow: City of
Midwest. Featured Dion and the Belmonts, Angels, The Rugrats Movie, Snow Day,
Frankie Sardo, J. P. Big Bopper Coffee and CigarettesSomewhere in
Richardson, and Ritchie Valens (La California, Cry-Baby, and Dead Man.
Bamba). After their February 2 gig at the SOURCES: Shirley, 122;
Surf Ballroom, Clear Lake, IA, Holly http://www.iggypop.com/photos.asp;
chartered a plane to Fargo, ND. The plane http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iggy_Pop.
crashed shortly after takeoff killing the 104.
pilot, Holly, Richardson, and Valens. 105The New York Dolls. how horrible
Immortalized in Don McCleans 1971 anthem, they sounded. Looked the part of glam
American Pie.. 33. SOURCES: Shirley, rockers, but none knew how to play their
44-46. instruments. Albums included: New York
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddy_Holly. Dolls (1973) and Too Much Too Soon (1974).
Crash site memorial. Influenced the Sex Pistols, whose manager,
34Labels sign safer teen idols. Bobby Malcolm McLaren, was briefly involved with
Rydell, Bobby Vee, Jimmy Clanton, Frankie them. SOURCES: Shirley, 123-124.
Avalon, and Fabian replaced rockers Eddie http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Doll
Cochran, Chuck Berry, and Gene Vincent on . 105. New York Dolls, 1973.
radio and the charts. Dick Clarks 106Beginnings of Funk. At about the same
American Bandstand helps make rock and time that glam rock was popular, James
roll more acceptable and advances the Brown, Sly Stone, Curtis Mayfield, Isaac
careers of Avalon and Fabian. Chancellor Hayes, and George Clinton were developing
Records Bob Marcucci later admitted their own musical vision of
Fabian couldnt sing. He knew it and I African-American urban life. The music
knew it. Looks began to be as or more coming from Motown seemed too cheerful and
important than sound. SOURCE: Shirley optimistic for many young blacks. SOURCE:
47-48. 34. Shirley, 124. 106.
35Ricky Nelson (1940-1985). One of the 107Sly and the Family Stone. Formed in
more talented teen idols. Son of Ozzie and the late 60s by DJ Sylvester Stewart
Harriet Nelson of the popular radio and TV (1944- ). Early hits included Everyday
series, The Adventures of Ozzie and People, Stand, and Everybody Is a
Harriet. At 16 recorded Fats Dominos Im Star. After losing his sense of optimism
Walkin. Featured in the 1959 film, Rio in the early 70s, he released the dark,
Bravo. Its Late and Hello, Mary Lou controversial Theres A Riot Goin On
among the best releases of that time. (1971) with bitter, cynical songs like:
SOURCES: Shirley, 48-49. A Family Affair and Dont Call Me
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ricky_Nelson. Nigger, Whitey (Dont Call Me Whitey,
35. Ricky Nelson. Nigger).. SOURCES: Shirley, 124.
36Emergence of Producers. Berry Gordy, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sylvester_%22
Jr. (1929- ) at Motown produced early hits ly_Stone%22_Stewart. 107. Sly and the
by Smokey Robinson and Mary Wells. Known Family Stone Anthology, 1981.
as Mr. Hitsville. Over the next 25 years 108James Brown (1933-2006). Fired his
was responsible for recording such artists legendary rhythm and blues band, the
as: Marvin Gaye, The Temptations, The Four Famous Flames, in 1970, and replaced it
Tops, Diana Ross and the Supremes, The with a lighter, louder, funkier band that
Jackson Five. Phil Spector (1940- ) used included the remarkable bassist Bootsy
bass drums, sparkling keyboards, and Collins. This helped establish funk as the
multi-layered vocals to produce his dominant force in African-American music
signature wall of sound. Spector during the 1970s. Singles like Get Up (I
produced the recordings of Ben E. King Feel Like Being a) Sex Machine and Say
(Stand by Me), The Crystals, The It Loud captured perfectly the mood of
Chiffons, The Shirelles, and The Righteous black urban life in the early 1970s.
Brothers (Youve Lost That Lovin SOURCES: Shirley, 124-125.
Feelin). 36. SOURCES: Shirley, 49-50; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Brown_%
Wikipedia Berry Gordy and Phil 8musician%29. 108. The inimitable James
Spector.. Brown.
37The early sixties. The Seattle band, 109George Clinton (1941- ). Formed
The Ventures were popular with The Real R&B group Parliament in the mid 1950s.
McCoy, and Walk Dont Run. The Beach Biggest hit was Testify. Influenced by
Boys with their Four Freshman style James Brown and Jimi Hendrix, Alice Cooper
vocal harmonies begin to capitalize on the and The Stooges, he developed his own
surf craze. Frankie Valli and The Four style of theatrical, guitar-driven funk.
Seasons had hits: Sherry, Walk Like a Clinton formed Funkadelic in 1970. Their
Man, and Big Girls Dont Cry.. SOURCE: best singles included: Maggot Brain and
Shirley, 50. 37. Tear the Roof Off the Sucker. His stage
38Rock and Roll History IV. The British shows became bigger and more elaborate
Invasion. 38. rivaling Bowie, Elton John, Kiss, and Pink
39British Bands discover Rock and Roll Floyd. SOURCES: Shirley, 125-126.
in the early 60s. In 1961 when Brian http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Funkadelic.
Epstein discovered The Beatles they were 109. George Clinton at the VH1 Fashion
doing covers of 1950s American rock and Awards.
roll standards. Early influences were 110Development of Disco. By the mid-1970s
Little Richard, Chuck Berry, and Buddy most young Americans simply wanted music
Holly and the Crickets. The Liverpool to which they could dance. In 1974 artists
sound is the same as the rock from five like the Hues Corporation, Van McCoy, KC
years ago. (George Harrison) In 1962 and the Sunshine Band began releasing
drummer Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey) light dance tunes with simple lyrics,
replaced Pete Best. The band began to do Latin rhythms, swirling synthesizers and a
Lennon and McCartney originals Please, funk-style beat. Disco brought young white
Please Me, From Me to You, and She and black music fans together on the same
Loves You.. SOURCE: Shirley, 51-52. 39. dance floor. Reached its peak in 1977 with
40Beatlemania. In January 1963 I Want the release of Saturday Night Fever.
to Hold Your Hand reaches #1 on the pop SOURCE: Shirley, 126. 110.
charts. In February 1963 The Beatles 111The Bee Gees. The Saturday Night Fever
debuted on The Ed Sullivan Show. The soundtrack became one of the best selling
British Invasion also included the less albums of all time. Stayin Alive and
popular Gerry and the Pacemakers, the Dave How Deep Is Your Love stayed near the
Clark Five, and Freddie and the Dreamers. top of the charts for most of the year.
SOURCES: Shirley, 52-53. 111. SOURCES: Shirley, 126-127.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bee_Gees.
40. On the Ed Sullivan Show in 1963. 112The Village People. Began in the late
411965 Films and Rubber Soul. The 70s as an openly gay novelty band. Hits
Beatles film debut, A Hard Days Night included: In the Navy, Macho Man, and
was a complete success. The soundtrack YMCA.. SOURCES: Shirley, 127.
to Help! (1965) also reached the top of http://www.officialvillagepeople.com/.
the charts. Rubber Soul, their first album 112. The Village People with Cher, 2004.
of all original material included: 113Donna Summer (1948- ). Was discos
Norwegian Wood, Nowhere Man, most important contribution to pop music.
Michelle, and In My Life. It Summer evolved from the whispered moaning
established Lennon and McCartney as the of Love to Love You Baby (1975) to the
preeminent popular songwriting team of powerful rhythm and blues vocalist of Bad
their generation. It would influence Bob Girls (1979). SOURCE: Shirley, 127.
Dylan, Frank Zappa, Brian Wilson, and The http://www.donna-tribute.com/pics/s-1.jpg.
Rolling Stones. SOURCES: Shirley, 53-54. 113.
Graphics courtesy of Amazon.com. 41. 114Rock and Roll History X. Rock and
421966-1967 Controversy & Sgt. Rolls Last Stand. 114.
Pepper. Christianity will go Were more 115Beginnings of Punk. While Disco was
popular than Jesus now (John Lennon, popular in the US, in the UK elements of
1966) In July 1967 Sgt. Peppers Lonely what would become punk rock were being
Hearts Club Band appeared in record heard in the music of Jonathan Richman,
stores. Considered one of the most Pere Ubu, Patti Smith, and Richard Hell
influential and frequently discussed and the Voidoids. Punk began to attract
albums of the decade. After Sgt. Pepper, attention when Malcolm McLaren brought
they gradually lost their edge, quit together the Sex Pistols in 1976. Source:
playing concerts, and devoted their energy Shirley, 128. 115.
to recording. In 1968 their manager Brian 116Sex Pistols. McLaren made the ragged,
Epstein, who had held the group together makeshift wardrobes for the punk movement
as a creative unit, died. SOURCES: in the back of Sex, his Kings Road
Shirley, 55-56. boutique and wanted to give the movement
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles; its own unique sound. When Steve Jones,
Amazon.com. 42. The Beatles in 1967. Paul Cook, Glen Matlock, and John Lydon
43End of an era. At the end of the started playing in clubs in late 1975,
decade they had several successes they could barely play their instruments.
including Magical Mystery Tour, Yellow Of Lydon (who later went by Johnny
Submarine, The White Album, and Abbey Rotten), McLaren would say, We knew he
Road. The latter two were more collections couldnt sing Their debut album was
of songs by the bands members. In 1969 Never Mind the Bollocks (1977). Bassist
Paul McCartneys Hey Jude would become Glen Matlock was replaced by John Simon
the Beatles biggest hit ever. By the end Ritchie (Sid Vicious). US tour in 1978 was
of 1970, Lennon, McCartney, and Harrison a disaster. Lydon formed his own group,
had all released solo albums and The Public Image, Ltd. Vicious died of a
Beatles had disbanded. SOURCES: Shirley, heroin overdose awaiting trial for the
56-57. Graphics: Amazon.com. 43. murder of his girlfriend. Sources:
44The Animals. Headed by organist Alan Shirley, 129-131.
Price and lead singer Eric Burdon. In http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sex_Pistols.
1964, had their biggest hit, House of the 116.
Rising Sun.. SOURCES: Shirley, 58. 117The Clash. Were one of the finest
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Animals. rock and roll bands ever to commandeer a
44. Debut album of The Animals. stage. Led by guitarists Joe Strummer and
45The Kinks. In 1965 had hits: You Mick Jones who became the Lennon-McCartney
Really Got Me, All Day and All of the of the punk movement. Influenced strongly
Night, and Tired of Waiting for You. by reggae (Bob Marley) and rockabilly.
With A Well Respected Man their lyrics Their first three albums, The Clash
became more complex and their sound (1977), Give Em Enough Rope (1978), and
influenced by traditional British music. London Calling (1979) are some of the
Some of the more interesting rock albums finest to emerge from the punk era..
of the 60s and 70s included: Face to Face, Sources: Shirley, 131-132.
Muswell Hillbillies, and The Kink http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clash. The
Kronikles. SOURCES: Shirley, 58. Clash, 1977. 117.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Kinks. 118The Ramones. people loved their wild
45. The Kinks (from left) Pete Quaife, energetic music, black leather jackets,
Dave Davies, Mick Avory, Ray Davies. Beatles-style bangs, and self-deprecating
46The Who. Led by guitarist Pete humor. Songwriting formula was a sweet,
Townshend and vocalist Roger Daltrey. In catchy melody sung over a simple
1965 had hits with: I Cant Explain and three-chord progression played as loud and
My Generation. Were known for wild as fast as humanly possible. Hits
antics in their live performances such as included: Sheena Is a Punk Rocker and I
smashing instruments (e.g., Woodstock, Wanna Be Sedated.. Sources: Shirley, 133.
1969). In 1969 they released Tommy, the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramones.
first commercially successful rock opera. Debut album cover, 1976. 118.
In 1970, Whos Next, featured the hits 119Blondie. Led by singer Deborah Harry.
Baba ORiley and Wont Get Fooled Combined Warhol-style glam rock
Again. SOURCES: Shirley, 58-59. indifference, breathy girl-group vocals,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Who. 46. and a tight punk rhythm section. Their
The Who in 1965 (from left) John album, Parallel Lines, was probably the
Entwistle, Roger Daltrey, Keith Moon, Pete closest punk would get to mainstream
Townshend. acceptability. Source: Shirley, 133.
47The Rolling Stones. Most successful of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blondie_%28ba
the hard rock, blues-inspired British d%29. Debut album cover, 1976. 119.
bands. In 1964 released their first top 120Talking Heads. Led by singer-composer
ten single, Time Is on My Side. With the David Byrne who sang in clipped,
1965 hit Satisfaction Keith Richards high-pitched whine. Their fourth album
comes into his own as a guitarist. Along and masterpiece was Remain in the Light
with Lets Spend the Night Together, the (1980). It was produced by Brian Eno and
two songs are banned from airplay on many combined punk with the rhythmic complexity
American radio stations due to their of funk. Back in England a new wave of
sexually charged lyrics. Sympathy for the punk bands gained attention. Sources:
Devil (1968) was a deliberate attempt to Shirley, 133-134.
offend their critics. SOURCES: Shirley, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talking_Heads
59-60. 120.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Rolling_S 121The Police. The phenomenal success of
ones. 47. The Rolling Stones in 1964 (from The Police would launch the solo career of
left). Bill Wyman, Mick Jagger, Brian its lead singer Sting. During the 1980s he
Jones, Charlie Watts and Keith Richards. would become one of the most popular
48Exile on Main St. In 1969 guitarist singers in the UK and US. Sources:
Brian Jones died. The release of Let It Shirley, 134.
Bleed put the group on par with the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Police.
Beatles. Notable are the title cut, Stewart Copeland, Sting, Andy Summers.
Country Honk, You Cant Always Get What 121.
You Want, and Gimme Shelter. In 1972 122Elvis Costello. Born Declan McManus he
they released an even darker masterpiece, resembled a punk Buddy Holly. Unlike
the double album Exile on Main St., other punk music the instrumentals on
marked the bands full maturity as rock Costellos recordings were clean and crisp
and roll musicians.. SOURCES: Shirley, and brought forward the angry vocals.
63. Between 1977-1980 he released a body of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Rolling_S songs putting him the forefront of rock
ones. 48. The Rolling Stones released A composers: Allison, Watching the
Bigger Bang in July of 2005. Detectives, and The Angels Want to Wear
49Sidebar The Pretty Things. Possibly My Red Shoes. Expanded punks audience.
the most unfairly neglected band of the Sources: Shirley, 134.
60s. Formed in 1963 by Phil May and Dick http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Costell
Taylor. Dont Bring Me Down and Honey I . 122.
Need were hits in 64 and 65. In 1967 123Rock and Roll History XI. Its All in
their music took an artier, more the Image. 123.
psychedelic edge with Walking Through My 124The 1980s. The 80s were a
Dreams, Defecting Grey, and Private disappointing period for rock and roll.
Sorrow. Their startlingly eclectic A new wave of bands like the Cars, R.E.M.,
musical tastes became legendary among U2, and the Cure were becoming successful
other rock musicians. SOURCES: Shirley, with a lighter, more accessible version of
62. punk. Rock n roll which used to be
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pretty_Th about breaking rules, now seems to be
ngs. 49. about learning them. Music critic Greil
50Rock and Roll History V. Bringing It Marcus. The assassination of John Lennon
All Back Home. 50. on December 8, 1980 shocked many people
51Fighting the British Invasion. Bob and caused John Lydon to say that rock
Dylan, Beach Boys Brian Wilson and Frank and roll is dead.. Source: Shirley,
Zappa of the Mothers of Invention created 135-136. 124.
new personal styles that would have an 125Alternative bands. At their best
enormous impact throughout the rest of the combined hard, aggressive rhythms and
60s. SOURCE: Shirley, 64. 51. pure, irresistible melodies as
52Folk Music. The 1950s had been a successfully as Little Richard, Jimi
difficult period for folk singers (e.g., Hendrix and the Clash. At their worst,
The Weavers, Ramblin Jack Elliot, Woody they simply made noise. Among the best
Guthrie). This changed in 1958 with the were: the Replacements Let It Be, Sonic
Kingston Trios Hang Down Your Head Tom Youths Daydream Nation, Husker D?s Zen
Dooley. By 1960 Odetta, Theodore Bikel, Arcade, and the Minutemens Double Nickels
Joan Baez, and Peter, Paul and Mary had on a Dime. Source: Shirley, 136. 125.
joined the Kingston Trio on the charts. In 126Music videos and MTV. In 1980 the
1961-1962 folk artists had some success advent of 24-hour music video programming
with protest anthems. (Pete Seeger and by MTV would change the face of rock and
Peter, Paul and Marys cover of his If I roll. The way musicians looked and acted
Had a Hammer.). SOURCE: Shirley, 64-65. on their videos began to be more important
52. than how they sounded on their records.
53Bob Dylan. Born Robert Allen Zimmerman Groups like Duran Duran and Aha, known
(1941- ). Took name from Welsh poet Dylan more for their good looks than their good
Thomas. Arrived in New York in 1961. Debut music, rose to the top of the pop charts.
album that year contained folk standards MTV would be instrumental in launching the
In My Time of Dying, Man of Constant careers of Madonna and Michael Jackson.
Sorrow, and The House of the Rising Source: Shirley, 137-138. 126.
Sun. The Freewheelin Bob Dylan (1963) 127Madonna. Born Madonna Louise Veronica
and The Times They Are A-Changin (1964) Ciccone (1958- ). Dropped out of U. of MI
were his next two albums. Songs included: School of Music to pursue a career as a
Blowin in the Wind, A Hard Rains dancer in NYC. Began performing at clubs
A-Gonna Fall, Masters of War, Oxford in a style that combined discos light
Town, and the title cut of the latter. grooves and punks attitude. In 1983 her
SOURCES: Shirley 65-67. debut album, Madonna, was released with
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Dylan. its single, Holiday. MTV agreed to
53. Photo by Daniel Kramer. screen videos of Borderline and Lucky
54Another Side. Another Side of Bob Star. Her next 15 singles would reach the
Dylan (1964) contained more personal, top ten. In 1984 Like a Virgin rose to the
introspective material. Bringing It All top of the charts with hits like the title
Back Home (1965) was recorded with rock cut and Material Girl. Madonna also
and roll and blues musicians playing appeared in Desperately Seeking Susan to
electric instruments. Folk purists were rave reviews. Sources: Shirley, 139-140.
offended, but the album was his first to Yahoo! Images. 127. Cover of Like a Virgin
sell a million copies. SOURCES: Shirley, (1984).
67-68. Amazon.com. 54. 128Like A Prayer (1989). Starred in
55Like a Rolling Stone. Highway 61 disastrous film Shanghai Surprise (1986)
Revisited (1965) and Blonde on Blonde with then husband Sean Penn. The video of
(1966) are considered two of the finest the title cut of Like a Prayer offended
recordings of the rock and roll era. many religious groups. Even after she
Began touring with The Hawks (who later became commercially successful she still
became The Band). Was in seclusion for a tried to shock her audience, e.g., her
year after a 1967 motorcycle accident. His sexually explicit 1990 video Justify My
next two albums John Wesley Harding (1967) Love and her 1991 documentary, Truth or
and Nashville Skyline (1969) featured Dare. Sources: Shirley, 140-141. Yahoo!
country ballads Lay Lady Lay, Tonight Images. 128. Album cover, Like a Prayer.
Ill Be Staying With You, and Girl from 129Michael Jackson. First gained
North Carolina, a duet with Johnny Cash. recognition with his brothers in the
Recent releases of original material Jackson Five appearing on Ed Sullivan in
include: Time Out of Mind (1997) and Love 1969. Their first three singles were hits:
and Theft (2001). SOURCES: Shirley, 68-69. I Want You Back, ABC, and Ill Be
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Dylan_dis There. During the 70s Michael split his
ography. 55. time between tours and recordings with his
56The Beach Boys. Formed in 1961 by brothers and his own projects (Ben and
Brian Wilson and his cousin Mike Love. The The Wiz.) In 1979 released his first solo
band also included younger brothers, album Off the Wall with hits Rock with
Dennis and Carl Wilson, and Al Jardine. You and Dont Stop Till You Get
Known for their vocal harmonies influenced Enough.. Sources: Shirley, 141-142.
by the Four Freshmen and songs about Yahoo! Images. 129. The Jackson Five.
surfing, dragracing and dating. Early 130Thriller (1982). Produced by Quincy
hits: Surfer Girl, Little Deuce Coup, Jones, Thriller featured a duet with Paul
Surfin U.S.A., and Surf City.. McCartney (The Girl Is Mine), Beat It,
SOURCES: Shirley, 69-70. and Billie Jean. The videos featured his
http://thebeachboys.com/photos.html. 56. considerable dancing talent. 1987 saw the
The Beach Boys outside Capitol Records. release of Bad, another impressive
57Pet Sounds. As the group became more recording of slickly produced ballads and
successful, the demands of touring took dance tunes which sold almost 20 million
their toll. In 1964 Brian Wilson suffered copies. In 1991 he released Dangerous with
his first of many nervous breakdowns. songs containing a coldness and
Competition with The Beatles inspired bitterness that far fewer listeners could
Wilson to produce Pet Sounds in 1966 which relate to. He is currently working to
would raise the standard of the quality of release a single in November 2005, From
artists recordings. Songs included: the Bottom of My Heart, to benefit the
Wouldnt It Be Nice and Sloop John B. victims of Hurricane Katrina. Sources:
It also contained personal introspective Shirley, 143-144. Yahoo! Images.
numbers I Know Theres an Answer and I http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Jacks
Wasnt Made for These Times. Influenced n. 130. Most successful recording of all
Lennon and McCartney to write Here, There time.
and Everywhere.. SOURCES: Shirley, 71-73. 131Prince. Born Prince Rogers Nelson in
http://thebeachboys.com/photos.html. 57. 1958 in Minneapolis, MN. On Purple Rain
The Beach Boys in Concert. (1984), he combined Jacksons skills as a
58Smile. Wilson spent an unprecedented singer with the wild, big-guitar
$16,000 on the hit Good Vibrations. showmanship of George Clintons funk
Later teamed up with Van Dyke Parks to ensembles. Sources: Shirley, 144.
produce an album (Smile) that would be as http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_%28art
complex and demanding. Project was doomed. st%29. 131. Prince (1983).
Early takes on Surfs Up and Cabin 132Continued Importance of Reggae. In the
Essence showed promise. Wilsons drug use 1980s biracial English bands like General
and behavior caused the project to be Public, English Beat, and the Fine Young
cancelled. A few of the songs ended up on Cannibals successfully combined the best
Smiley Smile (1967). But the band would elements of rock and roll and Jamaican
never approach the level of quality on Pet music on their recordings.. Source:
Sounds and Good Vibrations. In 2004 a Shirley, 144-145. 132.
rerecorded version of Smile was released 133Emergence of Rap. During the late 80s
and was a critical and financial success. rap was inspired by the near spoken
SOURCES: Shirley, 74-75. cadences of reggae and the muted rage of
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Wilson. 1970s urban street poetry. It combined
58. hard, repetitive rhythms; rhymed, harshly
59Frank Zappa (1940-1993). Born in spoken verses, and an innovative style of
Baltimore, MD. Was introduced by Don Van sampling the recordings of other artists.
Vliet (Captain Beefheart) to the blues. Following Run-DMCs duet with Aerosmith on
As a teenage was inspired by classical Walk this Way, rap began to gain a
composers Stravinsky and Varese following with young white rock and roll
(Deserts). During the early 60s he wrote fans. Rap was responsible for some of the
the soundtracks for Run Home Slow and The most powerful and innovative musical
Worlds Greatest Sinner. In 1964 joined performances of the late 80s and early
the Soul Giants, later became the Mothers 90s. Examples include: KRS-Ones By Any
of Invention. Their debut album in 1966, Means Necessary, Public Enemys It Takes a
Freak Out, was groundbreaking and Nation of Millions, and Ice Cubes The
eclectic. SOURCES: Shirley, 75-77. Predator. Soon a new wave of rap musicians
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Zappa. like the Digable Planets, P.M. Dawn, and
59. Frank Zappa at the piano. Gang Stars Guru began to mix elements of
60Hot Rats. In 1970 the Mothers of jazz, R&B and pop into their music.
Invention broke up. Zappa produced the Source: Shirley, 145. 133.
double album, Trout Mask Replica, for 134World Music. World music resulted
Captain Beefheart. The 1969 album, Hot from the combining of rock styles with
Rats, featured violinist Jean-Luc Ponty, elements of Brazilian, African,
jazz musicians, and vocals by Zappa and Afro-Cuban, Middle Eastern, or Indian
Captain Beefheart (Willie the Pimp). music. Established artists such as David
Could whale the tar out of every other Byrne, Peter Gabriel and Paul Simon (e.g.,
informal jam. . . . (Rolling Stone). Graceland) released world music
SOURCES: Shirley 78-79. recordings. Other world music artists
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Zappa. include: Milton Nascimento, Ladysmith
60. Black Mambazo, Youssou NDour, Black
61Rock and Roll History VI. Crossroads. Uhuru, Caetano Veloso, and King Sunny Ade.
61. Source: Shirley, 146. 134.
62Influence of the Blues. The blues 135Rock and Roll History Epilogue. Beyond
continued to be an important influence on Nirvana. 135.
Rock and Roll in the late 60s. British 136Nirvana. Became famous with the 1991
bands, TheYardbirds and Ten Years After, release of Nevermind and its hit single
and American bands, Electric Flag and the Smells Like Teen Spirit. Their noisy,
Allman Brothers, introduced a big-guitar, thrashing combination of punk and
urban sound and a new style of performance alternative styles came to be known as
and improvisation. SOURCE: Shirley, 80. grunge. Guitarist and lead singer Kurt
62. Cobains voice could be raspingly hoarse
63Eric Clapton (1945- ). Began career as or plaintively sweet. Other songs
a rhythm and blues guitarist for the included: Lithium and Drain You. In
Roosters and Casey Jones and the Utero (1993) contained a dark,
Engineers. Abandoned performing to study unrelentingly pessimistic batch of songs
guitar techniques of blues masters Robert with few instrumental hooks or friendly
Johnson, Skip James, Bill Bill Broonzy, melodies. Kobain committed suicide in
Blind Boy Fuller, and B. B. King. Was 1994 allowing Pearl Jam to become the
determined to transfer Kings style into unofficial leader of the grunge
rock and roll. During the mid-60s he movement.. 136. Sources: Shirley,
played with the Blues Breakers and the 147-148.
Yardbirds. SOURCES: Shirley, 80-81; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nirvana_%28ba
http://www.eric-clapton.co.uk/ d%29.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Clapton. 137Female Bands and Performers. In the
63. Clapton with B. B. King. early 1990s, The Breeders, Belly, Throwing
64Cream. In 1966 Clapton formed Cream Muses, and Bikini Kill began to rival the
with Jack Bruce and Ginger Baker. Cream success of alternative mainstays like
combined aggressive covers of blues Pavement, Beck and Fugazi. Hole, formed by
standards like Crossroads and Im So Courtney Love, widow of Kurt Cobain, was
Glad with their own off-beat, one of the best. Other standouts included:
drug-inspired tunes. In concert Cream was Bj?rk, Liz Phair, and P.J. Harvey. Source:
thunderously loud and would expand 3 Shirley, 149-150. 137.
minute songs into 20-30 minute 138Bj?rk. Born in Iceland in 1965. Former
improvisations. Disraeli Gears release lead singer of the Sugarcubes. Used her
marked the bands success in the U.S. as jazz-inspired squeal to produce two of
well. Their 1968 double album, Wheels of the most inspired albums of that period,
Fire, reached #1. SOURCES: Shirley, 81-83. Debut and Post. Sources: Shirley, 150.
http://www.eric-clapton.co.uk/. 64. Cream. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bjork. 138.
65More Clapton. In 1969 formed Blind 139Liz Phair. Born in New Haven, CT in
Faith with Traffics Steve Winwood. Toured 1967. Exile in Guyville (1993) was a
with Delaney and Bonnie and released his stunning 14-song response to the Stones
first solo album, Eric Clapton, in 1970. classic Exile on Main Street. It gained
Later in the year formed Derek and the attention for it catchy melodies and the
Dominoes and recorded Layla and Other singers fondness for profanity. Sources:
Assorted Love Songs, regarded by many as Shirley, 150.
Claptons best. Included Bell Bottom http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liz_Phair.
Blues and Why Does Love Got to Be So 139.
Sad successfully producing a unique 140P. J. Harvey. Polly Jo Harvey was born
blues-inspired rock and roll style. in 1969 in Yeovil, England. To Send You My
SOURCES: Shirley, 83. Love (1995) was a hard, bluesy,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Clapton. organ-driven masterpiece. With her rough,
65. Eric Clapton at the Tsunami Relief throaty vocals, it was the most riveting
Concert, 2005. performance since Nevermind.. Sources:
66Jim Morrison and The Doors. Morrison Shirley, 150-151.
(1943-1971) formed The Doors in 1966 with http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P._J._Harvey.
guitarist Robby Krieger, Drummer John 140.
Densmore, and keyboardist Ray Manzarek. 141Conclusion. The recording industry
Their debut album, The Doors (1967), sought to profit from these trends and
included Light My Fire and Break on more accessible artists in both grunge and
Through and peaked at #2 behind Sgt. womens alternative rock were signed.
Pepper. Other hit singles include Hello, Alanis Morisette released Jagged Little
I Love You (1968) and Riders on the Pill in 1995 and sold six million copies.
Storm (1971). Morrison died of a heart Hootie and the Blowfishs debut album
attack in Paris on July 3, 1971. SOURCES: Cracked Rear View sold more than 12
Shirley 84-85. million copies with their cheerful,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doors. 66. watered-down version of Pearl Jams arena
Doors debut album. rock. After 25 years the remaining members
67San Francisco 60s Scene. During the of The Beatles staged a brief reunion and
1960s, a number of radical, avant-garde released a double album with rare outtakes
movements converged in the San Francisco and new versions of two previously
Bay Area. These included the student free unreleased songs. After 18 years John
speech movement at Berkeley, Beat poets Lydon planned a reunion tour of the Sex
and writers, and the hippies who began Pistols for the summer of 1996. They also
to crowd into the Haight-Ashbury did a 3 week tour in 2003. Sources:
neighborhood. Drug usage influenced Shirley, 151.
Psychedelic Rock. Bands and songs http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sex_Pistols.
included: Country Joe and the Fish (I 141.
Feel Like Im Fixin to Die Rag), 142Answer: Rock and Roll was actually
Quicksilver Messenger Service, Big Brother black slang for having sex. The words
and the Holding Company (with Janis appear in 1922 on record for the first
Joplin), and the Jefferson Airplane time in Trixie Smith's My Baby Rocks Me
(Volunteers). SOURCE: Shirley, 85-86. With One Steady Roll. Disc jockey Alan
67. Freed used it as a marketing ploy for
68The Grateful Dead. Led by Country and music that was black in style, but not
Jazz-influenced guitarist Jerry Garcia necessarily by black musicians or for a
(1942-1995). During the 60s, the band black audience. The term eventually was
lived in an old Victorian house near the used for guitar-based music with a black
corner of Haight and Ashbury and often beat, primarily played by and for whites.
played live, spontaneous jams in Golden What was music called that was made by and
Gate Park. Their best album of the period, for black Americans? 142. SOURCES: Robert
Workingmans Dead (1970) featured folk and Palmer, Rock & Roll: an Unruly History
country style ballads and made no attempt (NY: Harmony, 1995): 8.
to reproduce their extended instrumental http://www.digitaldreamdoor.com/pages/best
jams. Their fans, i.e., Deadheads, would timeline-r1.html Graphic:
make them the most popular live act in the http://www.jeffosretromusic.com/history3.h
history of rock and roll. SOURCE: Shirley, ml.
87. 143Answer: Rhythm and Blues. That term
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grateful_Dead was coined by future Atlantic Records
68. The Dead, 1971. producer Jerry Wexler while writing for
69Jimi Hendrix (1942-1970). Born Johnny Billboard in the late 1940s. In 1949 the
Allen Hendricks in Seattle, WA. Influenced Billboard chart for "race"
strongly by the blues. Enlisted in the records was renamed "rhythm and
Army 101st Airborne Division (1961-1964). blues". In the 60s, Rock and Roll
Toured with Little Richard. Also played had such white connotations that the new
with the Isley Bros., Curtis Knight and styles in black pop music were referred to
the Squires, and King Curtis. Formed the as Soul, and later Funk. What is Pop
Jimi Hendrix Experience in England in music? 143. SOURCES: Ibid. Also
1966. In 67 Hey Joe and Purple Haze http://www.scaruffi.com/history/rb.html.
reached the top of the UK charts. SOURCES: Muddy Waters, Chicago guitarist.
Shirley, 88-89. 144Answer: Any music that happens to be
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimi_Hendrix. popular. Some people also refer to soft
69. Hendrix in concert. rock as pop music. 144. SOURCES: Ibid,
70Electric Ladyland. Debuted in U.S. at 9. Graphic:
the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 and also http://web.singnet.com.sg/~tonytay/carp.ht
toured with the Monkees. The albums, Are . The Carpenters.
You Experienced? (1967), Axis: Bold as 145Topics of Discussion. Ike Turner and
Love (1968), Electric Ladyland (1968), and Rocket 88 Bill Haley and the Comets.
Smash Hits (1969) were all hits. Using 145.
hammered strings, carefully controlled 146Ike Turner and Rocket 88 (1951).
feedback, and unorthodox chordings, he Rocket 88 was claimed by Sam Phillips,
created a roaring, furious guitar style . the owner of Sun Records, to be the 1st
. . Had top billing at Woodstock and Rock and Roll song. Record credited to
performed a huge, explosive version of Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats.
The Star-Spangled Banner. Left the Praises the joys of the Oldsmobile 88.
Experience to form the Band of Gypsies in Features one of the first examples of the
1970. Died from complications following an use of distorted or fuzz guitar. Claim
overdose of sleeping pills on September of 1st Rock and Roll song is perhaps
18. He was 27. SOURCE: Shirley, 89-92. overstated, but it was the #2 R&B
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimi_Hendrix. single of 1951. Covered by Bill Haley and
70. Hendrix at Woodstock, 1969. the Saddlemen (1952). 146. Ike Turner.
71Rock and Roll History VII. Things SOURCES:
Quiet Down. 71. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocket_88
72The Late 60s and Early 70s. Young Graphic:
people who earlier believed that rock and http://rockfever.blogspot.com/2005_01_01_r
roll music could be used to fight racism ckfever_archive.html.
and injustice, to stop war, and to change 147Bill Haley and the Comets. Rock the
the status quo, became less confident and Joint, Crazy, Man, Crazy, Rock Around
more introspective. Intensely personal the Clock (1954), and Shake, Rattle and
folk songs began to replace the hard, Roll. Rock Around the Clock became a
aggressive protest songs. In early 1970 hit in 1955 when used under the credits of
folk music regained popularity. SOURCE: the film, The Blackboard Jungle. In 1974
Shirley, 93-94. 72. it returned to the American charts when
73James Taylor (1948- ). Grew up in used as the theme for the film, American
Chapel Hill, NC and made a name for Graffitti, and the TV Series Happy Days.
himself in the mid-60s playing in coffee No matter how bad a show might be going
houses in Greenwich Village, NY. Like some night, I know that song will pull us
Dylan, he had a high, nasal tenor, but through. Its my little piece of gold.
lacked Dylans gifts as a songwriter. Bill Haley. 147. Bill Haley. SOURCES:
Taylor and the soft folk rock he inspired http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/R
was harshly criticized in the rock and ck-Around-the-Clock Graphics:
roll media. Sweet Baby James (1970), http://www.art.com/asp/sp-asp/_/pd--101015
however, was one of the most successful 3/Bill_Haley.htm
pop recordings of that year. SOURCES: http://www.digitaldreamdoor.com/pages/best
Shirley, 94-95. timeline-r1.html.
http://www.james-taylor.com/gallery/. 73.
History of Rock and Roll Introduction.ppt
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History of Rock and Roll Introduction

History of Rock and Roll Introduction

Michael Jackson - Then he also has died Education. Biography of a famous person. It was the seventh of nine children. Dates and bithplace. Though Michael Joseph Jackson has died it always its idols will remember Career. Personality. Achievements. Why he is famous? This is Michael Joseph Jackson.

Jazz - . , . . . - . - . . . 20- .. With time jazz became more and more popular.

Selena Gomez - Father: Ricardo Joel Gomez He is Mexican American. Family. Bibliography. Acting. Gallery. Awards. Another Cinderellera story. Table of contents. Mother: Mandy Teefey She is half Italian. Who is she? Singing. Family Singing Acting Awards Gallery Bibliography. Selena Gomez.

World music - Mozart started writing music when he was 5. Mozart Schubert Rachmaninoff Strauss. Bach Gershwin Mendelssohn Mozart Tchaikovsky Vivaldi Wagner Stravinsky. Listen to your group mates and fill in the table. What composers made their musical powers? What performer or composer is in your world of music? Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff.

American music - Trumpet. Let my people go. Drums. American music. . . Banjo. Elvis Presley. . Guitar. Piano. . Spiritual. First born. . Saxophone. Violin. Summertime.

Classical music - The aristocracy were the main patrons of the arts. There was also a sense of Nationalism in the compositions. What does the term Classical mean? There are three sections of a sonata- Exposition,Development,Recapitulation. All of the Classical composers were employed by various wealthy patrons. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

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