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Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
West Quad
West Quad
West Quad
West Quad
West Quad
West Quad
West Quad
West Quad
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED
Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design®
Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design®
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Introduction to Green Buildings LEED

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1Introduction to Green Buildings & 17and windows do not have to look different.
LEED. They can look like traditional ones only
2Defining Sustainability. United they perform better and are healthier.
Nations World Commission on Environment Does not need to be high tech to be green.
and Development “Development that meets Time Green Buildings take the same amount
the needs of present generations without of time to construct as regular buildings.
compromising the ability of future More time may be required in the Design
generations to meet their own needs.”. phase though. Costs Green Buildings do not
3Defining Green Buildings. Design and have to cost more. With planning they can
construction practices that significantly be built at the same price or less. Design
reduce, or eliminate the negative impact fees may be higher in the beginning of the
of buildings on the environment and its project but the extra design work will
occupants with regard to site planning; lower the actual construction costs. In
safeguarding water use and water use the end the building costs the same and
efficiency; promoting energy efficiency fits in the traditional budget. Normal: 2
and renewable energy; conserving materials + 2 = 4 Green: 3 + 1 = 4 Long term
and resources; and promoting indoor maintenance and operations costs can be
environmental quality.” (US Green Building reduced by 20 – 50% with good planning.
Council). 18Green Buildings at USC. West Quad
4Construction Impacts. 76 million Residence Hall & Learning Center
residential buildings in US 5 million School of Public Health Library Rare Books
commercial buildings in US consume 40 % or Collection & Modern Political Wings
raw materials 32% total energy produced Law School New Honors College Gamma Phi
17% fresh water 25% global wood harvest 5 Beta Sorority New Student Health Center.
billion gals water/day just for toilets Baseball Stadium Horizon Buildings
generates 25-40% of municipal solid waste Biomedical Buildings Arnold II Band/Dance
from C&D 50% of US CFC production 30% Building Innovista.
of US CO2 production. 19West Quad.
5Building Operations Impacts. 49% of 20West Quad. Reduced Construction &
Sulfur Dioxide emissions 25% nitrous oxide Change Order Costs 45%-55% More Energy
emissions 10% of all particulate matter Efficient = over $50,000 savings annually
1/3 of all energy consumption in US 2/3 of 20% more Water Efficient = $ 3900+ savings
all electricity consumption in US disturbs annually Residents comment on improved
natural habitats contaminates air, soil, health and productivity. $30.9M project
and water depletes non-renewable resources cost - $25M const. cost 177,000 SF -
? of greenhouse gases 35% of carbon $141.24/sf SAME COST & Time 502 bed
dioxide emissions community issues spaces – 4 buildings Residential, office,
occupant issues sources: “The Architecture academic & retail spaces Goal of LEED
of Sustainability, 2002”, World Watch Silver – Achieved.
Institute, USGBC. 21West Quad at USC. Selected “Green”
6Key Issues and Benefits. Institution Project Particulars Designed to be 40%
Building Commissioning Air Quality more energy efficient and to use 20% less
Occupants productivity and well being water “Green” roof on Learning Center Fuel
Energy Conservation Water Conservation Cell for supplemental electricity &
Storm Water Management Waste Management hot water Solar pre-heating for domestic
Local & State Standards & hot water Low VOC paints and carpets &
Programs. Green ethics / commitment 100% Fresh Air Daylighting in all
Research and Grant opportunities Being a buildings Building orientation Light
leader (as it should) Responsibility to shelves for shading and natural lighting
show importance Competitive advantage (ie on southern exposures Light wells on
– recruiting) Institutional community Learning Center “Green” board in case good
demand Great public relations. furnishings Total storm water management
7Overall Financial Benefits. Energy integration.
Water Wastewater Reduced Waste Improved 22
Indoor Environmental Quality Greater 23US Green Building Council (USGBC).
Employee Comfort/Productivity Reduced Leadership in Energy & Environmental
Employee Health Costs. Lower Operation and Design (LEED).
Maintenance Costs Competitive First Costs 24USGBC’s MISSION: to promote the design
Through integrated design & synergies and construction of buildings that are
Increased Value & ROI Marketing environmentally responsible, profitable,
Advantage Reduced Liability Improve Risk and healthy places to live and work. The
Management Insurance costs. organization’s activities… Integrate
8Overall Financial Benefits. Financial building industry sectors Lead market
Benefits of a Green Building equate to transformation Educate owners and
$50-$70 SF over lifetime Over 10X return practitioners.
on any premium cost associated with 25USGBC is... A national nonprofit
building it over lifetime Source: USGBC. organization A diverse membership of
9Air Quality. Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) organizations Consensus-driven
– effect the contents of the inside air Committee-based product development
has on a structure and its occupants Developer and administrator of the LEED®
People spend 90% of their time indoors Green Building Rating System.
Indoor air has 10-100X higher pollutants 26What is “Green” Design? Design and
than outdoor air USEPA “Indoor Air construction practices that significantly
Quality” Jan, 6 2003. reduce or eliminate the negative impact of
10Energy Conservation. US uses 25% of buildings on the environment and occupants
world energy but only has 5% of population in five broad areas: Sustainable site
& 95% of our energy is from fossil planning Safeguarding water and water
fuels (US Energy Information efficiency Energy efficiency and renewable
Administration) Higher Education - $2 energy Conservation of materials and
Billion/year on energy (American School resources Indoor environmental quality.
& University) Most can reduce by up to 27Leadership in Energy &
30% - savings can be used on: New faculty Environmental Design®. A leading-edge
Upgrades/renovations for more savings New system for designing, constructing,
programs. operating and certifying the world’s
11Water Conservation. USA uses 340 greenest buildings.
billion gallons of fresh water per day 28Why Was LEED® Created? Use as a design
Nearly 65% is discharged into waterways guideline Recognize leaders Stimulate
Energy Policy Act of 1992 Facilities can green competition Establish market value
easily reduce use by 20-30% with little with recognizable national “brand” Raise
cost and effort Water & Sewer Bills consumer awareness Transform the
Connection Fees & Tax Base. marketplace!
12Occupants Well Being and Productivity. 29Why Was LEED® Created? Facilitate
Relationship exists between worker positive results for the environment,
comfort/productivity and building occupant health and financial return
design/operation Hidden sick days – higher Define “green” by providing a standard for
absenteeism, respiratory ailments, measurement Prevent “greenwashing” (false
allergies, asthma = lower productivity, or exaggerated claims) Promote
higher insurance and medical costs A 1% whole-building, integrated design
increase in productivity (about 5 minutes processes.
per day) equals $600-700 per employee per 30LEED-NC® Market Transformation.
year - a ^1.5% equals about $1,000/yr Registered Projects by State - Top 10. As
(Katz 2003 study). of 05.02.05. All statistics exclude pilot
13Mythology About First Costs. Common projects.
Perception when we started was +20-30% 31LEED-NC® Market Transformation.
Past & Current Trend Recent Studies Registered Projects by State - Top 10
Average Premium <2% or $3-$5 SF Most of Where does the Southeast stand? Georgia –
cost associated with increased 62 South Carolina - 56 North Carolina –
architectural and engineering design, 42.
time, modeling and integration time 32LEED-NC® Point Distribution. Five LEED
Earlier you integrate the lower the cost. credit categories.
14Mythology About First Costs. Source: 33Resources. www.usgbc.org – US Green
USGBC, Capital E Analysis. Building Council
15Mythology About First Costs. Another www.usgbc.org/Resources/links.asp -
recent study has shown the following Extensive Resource List
average increase in project construction www.greenerbuildings.com The HOK Guidebook
costs, on a percentage basis for LEED to Sustainable Design WWW.Oikos.com -
certification. Certified 0 – 2.5% Silver 0 bookstore www.iso.org – ISO 14001 EMS
– 3.3% Gold 0.3 – 5.0% Platinum 4.5 – 8.5% www.epa.gov/ems/index.htm - EPA’s EMS site
Start Early – Save Costs Source: Sasaki www.doe.gov – US DOE www.epa.gov – US EPA
Associates 2004. www.housing.sc.edu/westquadhandbook.asp -
16Mythology About First Costs. Building West Quad Handbook www.sc.edu/sustainableu
green can be done for no additional cost - Sustainable Universities Initiative
Initial premium costs are entirely up to (SUI) www.buildinggreen.com –
you and project specific LEED buildings Environmental Building News www.edcmag.com
average only a 2-3% increase in costs, but – Environmental Design & Construction
can be done for the same budget as www.gbapgh.org – Green Building Alliance
traditional buildings with planning www.southface.org/web/earthcraft_house/ech
Savings from green building’s more than main/ech_index.htm - Earth Craft Homes
return any premium you may choose to put www.greenglobes.com – Green Globes.
into it Design Fees will be higher but 34Contact Info. Michael Koman Dr. Gene
construction costs may be reduced Set Luna Environmental Programs Manager
Budget first then work fees within Associate Vice President 1215 Blossom
framework. Street for Student Affairs Columbia, SC
17General Mythologies. Appearance of 29208 1215 Blossom St Columbia, SC 29208
Green Buildings You design it to look how koman@sc.edu gene.luna@sc.edu
you want. It can easily match traditional 803-777-1986.
campus design or not. Carpet, furniture
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