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Living on the International Space Station (ISS)
Living on the International Space Station (ISS)
Living on the International Space Station (ISS)
Living on the International Space Station (ISS)
Living on the International Space Station
Living on the International Space Station
Living on the International Space Station
Living on the International Space Station
Living on the International Space Station
Living on the International Space Station
Living on the International Space Station
Living on the International Space Station
ISS Expedition Two Hosts Shuttle Astronauts
ISS Expedition Two Hosts Shuttle Astronauts
ISS Expedition Two and STS-105 Crews Share a Meal
ISS Expedition Two and STS-105 Crews Share a Meal
ISS Expedition Seven Crew Members Prepare Food
ISS Expedition Seven Crew Members Prepare Food
ISS Expedition Seven Crewmembers Eat a Meal
ISS Expedition Seven Crewmembers Eat a Meal
ISS Expedition Two Crewmember Shaves
ISS Expedition Two Crewmember Shaves
Astronaut Brushes Hair
Astronaut Brushes Hair
ISS Expedition Five Astronaut gets Hair Cut
ISS Expedition Five Astronaut gets Hair Cut
ISS Expedition Sixteen Astronaut Prepares to Sleep
ISS Expedition Sixteen Astronaut Prepares to Sleep
ISS Expedition Six Cosmonaut Photographs Earth
ISS Expedition Six Cosmonaut Photographs Earth
ISS Expedition Four Cosmonaut takes Inventory
ISS Expedition Four Cosmonaut takes Inventory
ISS Expedition Six Cosmonaut Works in Zvezda Sleep Station
ISS Expedition Six Cosmonaut Works in Zvezda Sleep Station
ISS Expedition Two Astronaut Installs Video Camera
ISS Expedition Two Astronaut Installs Video Camera
Astronauts Operate SSRMS Arm
Astronauts Operate SSRMS Arm
Astronauts Operate SSRMS Arm
Astronauts Operate SSRMS Arm
ISS Expedition Three Astronaut works Experiment
ISS Expedition Three Astronaut works Experiment
Astronaut Examines Plant Growth Experiment
Astronaut Examines Plant Growth Experiment
ISS Expedition Nine Crewmen with Russian Spacesuits
ISS Expedition Nine Crewmen with Russian Spacesuits
ISS Expedition Seven Astronaut Performs Maintenance
ISS Expedition Seven Astronaut Performs Maintenance
ISS Astronaut takes Photograph from Cupola Bay Window
ISS Astronaut takes Photograph from Cupola Bay Window
ISS Expedition Seven Astronaut Prepares to Work in Space
ISS Expedition Seven Astronaut Prepares to Work in Space
Astronauts work on the Truss
Astronauts work on the Truss
Astronauts Continue Truss Construction and Maintenance
Astronauts Continue Truss Construction and Maintenance
ISS Expedition Five Astronaut has Fun
ISS Expedition Five Astronaut has Fun
ISS Expedition Two Astronaut and Cosmonaut take Break
ISS Expedition Two Astronaut and Cosmonaut take Break
ISS Expedition Two Astronaut Exercises
ISS Expedition Two Astronaut Exercises
ISS Expedition Three Cosmonaut plays Basketball
ISS Expedition Three Cosmonaut plays Basketball
ISS Expedition Three Astronaut takes a Musical Break
ISS Expedition Three Astronaut takes a Musical Break
ISS Expedition Three Cosmonaut Plays Guitar
ISS Expedition Three Cosmonaut Plays Guitar
ISS Expedition Eight Crewmembers with Holiday Decorations
ISS Expedition Eight Crewmembers with Holiday Decorations
MIR Human Waste Disposal Unit
MIR Human Waste Disposal Unit
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Living on the International Space Station (ISS)

содержание презентации «Living on the International Space Station (ISS).ppt»
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1Living on the International Space 36of when a Russian Progress cargo ship
Station (ISS). February 2010 - The ISS departs and burns up in the atmosphere.
viewed from the Space Shuttle Endeavour Credit: Technik Museum Speyer, Germany.
following separation during the STS-130 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rus
Mission. Japanese Experiment Module. ian_space_toilet.JPG.
Harmony Node 2 Module. Destiny Laboratory http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/19623499/.
Module. Columbus Laboratory Module. Quest http://www.esa.int/esaHS/SEMHOB9ATME_busin
Airlock Module. Integrated Truss ss_0.html.
Structure. Tranquility Node 3 Module with 37ISS Clothing ISS crews choose the
Cupola. Unity Node 1 Module. Zarya Control shirts, shorts and pants they wear in
Module. Zvezda Service Module. space months before launch. Their clothes
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images arrive at the station on a Progress
shuttle/sts-130/hires/s130e012040.jpg. re-supply vehicle or a space shuttle.
2Living on the International Space Crews can choose Russian or U.S. clothing
Station. Food, Hygiene and Sleeping. supplies. They can order heavy or
Working Inside. Working in Space. Having light-duty Russian coveralls for work.
Fun. Reference Information. Crew members do not change clothes as
3ISS Expedition Two Hosts Shuttle often in space as on Earth because taking
Astronauts. July 2001 - Cosmonaut Yury V. supplies to the ISS is expensive and they
Usachev organizes different kinds of food do not get as dirty as on Earth. Crew
in the Zvezda Service Module at the members get one pair of shorts and a
galley. Expedition Two is hosting the T-shirt for every three days of
STS-104 astronauts. Crew Compartment. exercising. Their work shirts and
Toilet & Hygiene Compartment. Galley pants/shorts are changed about once every
Table. 10 days. Generally, they get a new T-shirt
4ISS Expedition Two and STS-105 Crews to wear under their work shirts every 10
Share a Meal. August 2001 – During the days. Underwear and socks are changed
first meal shared by the STS-105 and every other day. PolartecTM socks, worn if
Expedition Two crews, the mission shirts their feet get cold, must last a month.
were issued to the departing station Each crew member also gets two sweaters, a
occupants in the Zvezda Service Module. pair of running shoes to use on the
5ISS Expedition Seven Crew Members treadmill and another pair of shoes to
Prepare Food. October 2002 - Astronaut wear when using the exercise bicycle. The
Peggy A. Whitson and cosmonaut Sergei Y. pants they wear are covered with plenty of
Treschev share a meal in the Zvezda pockets and velcro. The pockets and velcro
Service Module. help them keep everything they're working
6ISS Expedition Seven Crewmembers Eat a with near them, otherwise it will float
Meal. June 2003 - Cosmonaut Yuri I. away. When a piece of clothing has been
Malenchenko (right) and astronaut Edward worn as many times as possible, it is
T. Lu share a meal at the galley in the placed in a bag for disposal. Clothes are
Zvezda Service Module. not washed to save water. Very little
7ISS Expedition Two Crewmember Shaves. clothing is brought back to Earth. Most of
March 2001 – Cosmonaut Yury V. Usachev the worn clothing is placed in the
uses an electric razor in the Zvezda Progress re-supply vehicle before it
Service Module. A sleeping bag is located undocks. The dirty clothing and other
in the compartment behind the Cosmonaut. trash then burns up with the Progress when
8Astronaut Brushes Hair. August 2007 - it re-enters the Earth's atmosphere.
Astronaut Tracy Caldwell, on the mid deck 38ISS Personal Hygiene Each crew member
of the Space Shuttle Endeavour, grooms her has a personal hygiene kit with a
hair as she prepares to participate in the toothbrush, toothpaste, shampoo, razor and
ISS supply transfer chores. other basic toiletries. Whereas, the
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images previous stations, Skylab and Mir, were
shuttle/sts-118/hires/s118e07701.jpg. equipped with a shower, the ISS crew
9ISS Expedition Five Astronaut gets members take sponge baths using washcloths
Hair Cut. October 2002 - Cosmonaut Valery or moistened towelettes to reduce the
G. Korzun cuts astronaut Peggy A. amount of water consumed. Simple tasks
Whitson’s hair in the Zvezda Service like brushing your teeth can be
Module. Peggy holds a vacuum device the challenging in a micro-gravity
crew has fashioned to collect freshly cut environment. A little water doesn’t
hair, which is floating freely. trickle in a stream - it suspends in a
10ISS Expedition Sixteen Astronaut bubble!
Prepares to Sleep. November 2007 - 39Quest Joint Airlock Module The 13,000
Astronaut Daniel Tani is tucked away in a lb, 18.5 ft long American airlock is used
sleeping bag near two Extravehicular to support Extravehicular Activity (EVA)
Mobility Unit spacesuits in the Quest by astronauts and cosmonauts. The airlock
Airlock. is mounted to the Unity module starboard
11ISS Expedition Six Cosmonaut Common Berthing Mechanism. It has two
Photographs Earth. March 2003 - Cosmonaut sections. The large 13.1 ft diameter
Nikolai M. Budarin uses a still camera to section is where the crew can pre-breathe
photograph the topography of a point on oxygen, don and doff their spacesuits as
Earth from a window in the Zvezda Service well as store the spacesuits and their EVA
Module. equipment. The smaller section is used to
12ISS Expedition Four Cosmonaut takes egress and ingress through the airlock
Inventory. March 2002 - Cosmonaut Yury I. hatch. Sleeping on the ISS Sleeping on the
Onufrienko catalogs water canisters in the station is quite different from sleeping
Zvezda Service Module. on Earth. Instead of beds, crew members
13ISS Expedition Six Cosmonaut Works in sleep in wall-mounted sleeping bags they
Zvezda Sleep Station. March 2003 - slip into and zip up. The bags are
Cosmonaut Nikolai M. Budarin uses a equipped with arm restraints to prevent
computer in a sleep station in the Zvezda crew members’ arms from floating above
Service Module. their heads while they sleep. Sleeping
14ISS Expedition Two Astronaut Installs bags are located in two compartments in
Video Camera. June 2001 - Astronaut Susan the Zvezda and Destiny modules and
J. Helms mounts a video camera onto a throughout the interior of the ISS.
bracket in the Zarya Control Module. Generally, crew members are scheduled for
15Astronauts Operate SSRMS Arm. March a little more than eight hours of sleep at
2002 - Astronaut Daniel W. Bursch works the end of each mission day. They may wake
the Space Station Remote Manipulator up in the middle of their sleep period to
System (SSRMS) or Canadarm2 arm at the use the toilet, or stay up late and look
workstation in the Destiny laboratory. out the window. They have reported having
July 2006 - Astronaut Stephanie D. Wilson dreams and nightmares, and some have
works with the Mobile Service System (MSS) reported snoring. The excitement of being
and Canadarm2 controls in the Destiny in space and motion sickness can disrupt a
laboratory. crew member's sleep pattern.
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images 40Working on the ISS In a typical
shuttle/sts-121/hires/s121e07694.jpg. workday, crew members generally spend
16ISS Expedition Three Astronaut works about 1.5 hours preparing and eating
Experiment. August 2001 - Astronaut Frank meals, 8.5 hours sleeping, and 14 hours
L. Culbertson, Jr. works at the exercising and working. Work involves
Biotechnology Specimen Temperature maintaining the station (inspecting and
Controller (BSTC) for the Cellular fixing equipment, repairing structures,
Biotechnology Operations Support System etc.), and conducting scientific
(CBOSS) in the Destiny laboratory. experiments and observations. Closet-sized
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images racks along the walls of the Destiny
station/crew-3/hires/iss003-328-003.jpg. laboratory module hold equipment. The
17Astronaut Examines Plant Growth experiment racks have remote video and
Experiment. November 2002 - Belgian Soyuz data links so that scientists on the
5 Flight Engineer Frank DeWinne is ground are able to monitor the experiments
pictured near a plant growth experiment in on-board the ISS continuously. Crew
the Zvezda Service Module. DeWinne members use handholds mounted on the walls
represents the European Space Agency. of the station to keep themselves stable
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images as they move around, and footholds and
station/crew-5/hires/iss005e20310.jpg. restraints to prevent them from floating
18ISS Expedition Nine Crewmen with away while working.
Russian Spacesuits. August 2004 - 41Zarya Control Module Zarya (ZAR-yah)
Cosmonaut Gennady I. Padalka (left) and is a 42,000 lb Russian power,
astronaut Edward M. (Mike) Fincke pose communication and spacecraft control
with their Russian Orlan spacesuits in the element and the first ISS component to be
Pirs Docking Compartment. sent into orbit on Nov. 20, 1998. The
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images 41-foot-long, 13.5-foot-wide control
station/crew-9/hires/iss009e17168.jpg. module was initially the station's primary
19ISS Expedition Seven Astronaut link with Earth, as well as its only
Performs Maintenance. September 2003 - source of power, propulsion and control.
Astronaut Edward T. Lu performs routine Zarya means "Sunrise" in English
maintenance on an Extravehicular Mobility symbolizing the dawn of a new era in
Unit (EMU) space suit in the Quest Airlock space. Zarya provided most of the initial
module. The work represents a mid-term ISS critical system functions until
checkout and included emptying and Russia's Zvezda Service Module, the
refilling the suit’s water tank and loops, station's early core and living quarters,
cycling relief valves, checking sensors arrived and was activated. Zarya’s side
and collecting data, a leak check and docking ports are used by Russia's Soyuz
running the suit’s fan for two hours to piloted spacecraft and Progress
lubricate it. remotely-piloted re-supply vehicles. As
20ISS Astronaut takes Photograph from assembly progresses, Zarya's roles will be
Cupola Bay Window. February 2010 - Japan assumed by other ISS elements and it will
Aerospace Exploration Agency astronaut be used primarily as a passageway, docking
Soichi Noguchi photographs the Earth from port and fuel storage site.
inside the newly-installed Cupola 42Destiny Laboratory Module The 28 ft
observation module. long, 14 ft diameter, 32,000 lb, American
21ISS Expedition Seven Astronaut laboratory is constructed from three
Prepares to Work in Space. October 2002 - aluminum cylinders and a pair of aluminum
Astronaut Piers J. Sellers exits the Quest end cones with a single, 20 inch diameter
Airlock module beginning the first window located in the center cylinder.
scheduled session of extravehicular Each end cone has a hatch, 50 inches
activity (EVA) for the STS-112 mission square with rounded corners, where the
astronauts. Astronaut David A. Wolf (out crew enters or exits the lab. Inside the
of frame) joined Sellers on the spacewalk. Destiny laboratory, four equally spaced
22Astronauts work on the Truss. December “stand-off” structures provide mounting
2006 - Astronaut Robert L. Curbeam Jr. provisions and space for power lines, data
(left) and European Space Agency astronaut management, vacuum systems, air
Christer Fuglesang work on the Port 1 (P1) conditioning ducts, water lines and more
truss. The Pacific Ocean with New Zealand to accommodate the equipment racks. The
and Cook Strait is seen. Cook Strait module can hold 24 equipment racks with 6
divides New Zealand's North and South on each side. Each rack is 6.1 ft tall,
Islands. 3.5 ft wide and weighs about 1,200 lbs.
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images Eleven system racks are required to
shuttle/sts-116/hires/s116e05983.jpg. support the laboratory environment and
23Astronauts Continue Truss Construction control system. The remaining system racks
and Maintenance. August 2007 - Astronauts and the 13 science racks, support
Rick Mastracchio (right) and Clay Anderson micro-gravity and technology experiments.
continue construction and maintenance on Space Station Remote Manipulator System
the Port 1 (P1) truss. The S-Band Antenna (SSRMS) The Canadian SSRMS with a 56 ft
Sub-Assembly is relocated from P6 to P1 mechanical arm, is an advanced version of
truss, a new transponder is installed on the Space Shuttle 50 ft Canadian Remote
P1, and a transponder is retrieved from Manipulator System arm with seven
P6. motorized joints. The SSRMS can relocate
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images its position by using a latching end
shuttle/sts-118/hires/s118e07997.jpg. effector (hand) at each end to “walk” from
24ISS Expedition Five Astronaut has Fun. one grapple fixture, mounted to the ISS,
November 2002 - Astronaut Peggy A. Whitson to another. The mobile servicing system
floats in the Destiny laboratory. supports the assembly of the station,
25ISS Expedition Two Astronaut and handling of large payloads and orbital
Cosmonaut take Break. April 2001 - replacement units, maintenance, and
Astronaut Susan J. Helms pauses from her provides EVA support. The SSRMS is
work while cosmonaut Yury V. Usachev controlled from the Destiny laboratory.
speaks into a microphone aboard the 43Biotechnology Specimen Temperature
Destiny laboratory. Controller (BSTC) BSTC supported the
26ISS Expedition Two Astronaut Cellular Biotechnology Operations Science
Exercises. April 2001 – Astronaut James S. System (CBOSS) investigations, a series of
Voss reads the book "The Last of the experiments to refine and further develop
Mohicans" while exercising on the bioreactor technology. BSTC provided the
cycle ergometer in the Zvezda Service environmental and metabolic support
Module. In micro-gravity, the body loses required to grow and maintain mammalian
bone and muscle mass. To counter these cell cultures in microgravity, which can
losses, crew members exercise daily. The lead to unprecedented opportunities for
Zvezda Service Module is equipped with a breakthroughs in biomedical research and
treadmill and a stationary bicycle. Crew biotechnology.
members must strap themselves onto these 44Lada Greenhouse The Lada greenhouse
devices to prevent them from floating away was developed to test methods for growing
while exercising. plants in the ISS’ microgravity
27ISS Expedition Three Cosmonaut plays atmosphere, as a cooperative effort
Basketball. October 2001 - Cosmonaut between Space Dynamics Laboratory at Utah
Vladimir N. Dezhurov takes a break from State University and Russia's Institute of
his duties, as he plays with a miniature Biomedical Problems. Named for the ancient
basketball and net in the Unity Module. Russian goddess of spring, the
28ISS Expedition Three Astronaut takes a wall-mounted Lada has been in use in the
Musical Break. September 2001 - Astronaut Zvezda module since 2002, when it was
Frank L. Culbertson, Jr. takes a brief delivered aboard a Russian Progress
timeout from a busy day to play his spacecraft. The greenhouse consists of a
trumpet in the Quest Airlock module. control module and two independent
29ISS Expedition Three Cosmonaut Plays vegetation modules, which allows for
Guitar. comparisons in growing treatments. The
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images compact size and wall-mount capability of
station/crew-3/hires/iss003e5562.jpg. the units make them ideal for the close
August 2001 - Cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin of quarters in the Zvezda module.
Rosaviakosmos relaxes among stowage bags 45Pirs Docking Compartment The Russian
in the hatch area of the Quest Airlock Pirs (Russian for Pier) Docking
module. Compartment module, delivered to the ISS
30ISS Expedition Eight Crewmembers with by a Progress service module, was attached
Holiday Decorations. December 2003 - to the ISS in September 2001. Pirs
Astronaut C. Michael Foale (left) and provides a third docking location for the
cosmonaut Alexander Y. Kaleri pose with Soyuz and Progress, and the airlock
holiday decorations in the Zvezda Service facilitates EVA using the Russian Orlan
Module. spacesuits. A 3.3 ft diameter side hatch
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images serves as an airlock for cosmonauts
station/crew-8/hires/iss008e10768.jpg. wearing the Orlan pressure suits. Pirs is
31Reference Information. Creating the 16 ft long, 8.4 ft in diameter and weighs
International Space Station by David 7,893 lbs. The Quest airlock provides EVA
Harland and John Catchpole, Pravis access to the American modules and the
Publishing, 2002 - Comprehensive ISS Integrated Truss Structure, while the Pirs
history and technical information. Bay airlock accommodates easier access to the
Window by Frank Morring, Jr; Aviation Week Russian part of the ISS.
and Space Technology; February 22, 2010; 46Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) The
Volume 172, page 33 - Description of the American EMU is a reusable spacesuit
Cupola observation module. ISS images: similar to the Space Shuttle suit. The
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/ spacesuits are tailored from a stock of
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rus standard-size parts to fit astronauts with
ian_space_toilet.JPG General Information: a wide range of measurements. The EMU
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/station/isstod becomes a nearly complete short-term
te.html Space food, sleep, clothing, spacecraft for one person. It provides
hygiene, work and fun: pressure, thermal, micrometeoroid and
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/living/index.h ultraviolet radiation protection, oxygen,
ml cooling water, drinking water, food, waste
http://www.esa.int/esaHS/SEMHOB9ATME_busin collection, (including carbon dioxide
ss_0.html removal), electrical power, and
http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/node3/SEM1XBSJ communications. The EMU lacks only
4G_0.html ISS modules and other maneuvering capability, but this
components: capability has been added by fitting a
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/ jet-propelled device over the spacesuit
tructure/index.html US modules’ backpack. Simplified Aid for
environmental control and life support Extravehicular Activity Rescue (SAFER) is
systems: a gas jet-propelled, self-rescue device
http://www.boeing.com/defense-space/space/ used on the ISS. If an astronaut becomes
pacestation/systems/eclss.html ISS science separated from the station and a space
experiments shuttle is not available to retrieve the
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/ astronaut, the crew member uses SAFER to
cience/experiments/BSTC.html return to the station.
http://www.nasa.gov/missions/science/f_lad 47Cupola The seven-windowed Cupola is an
.html. observation and control tower for the ISS
32 with windows that provide a panoramic view
33 for observing and guiding operations on
34ISS General Information (as of the outside of the station. It gives crew
11-27-09) ISS Flights American: 31 Space members an alternative to the video views
Shuttle flights Russian: 2 Proton launch they have been using to operate the
vehicle flights 20 Soyuz crew flights 2 station’s robotic arm and monitor
Soyuz assembly flight 35 Progress resupply approaching vehicles. The observation
flights European: 1 Automated Transfer module provides a shirtsleeve environment
Vehicle flight Japanese: 1 H-II Transfer for up to two astronauts working inside.
Vehicle flight ISS Characteristics Orbit: The module is 4.9 ft in height with a
247 statute miles altitude; 17,000 miles maximum diameter of 9.7 ft and had a
per hour speed; 51.6 degree inclination launch weight of 3,979 lbs. The Cupola has
above and below the equator Weight: six trapezoidal side windows and a
759,222 lbs (380 tons) Dimension: Width: circular top window, 31.5 inches in
240 ft across solar arrays Spacewalks diameter - the largest ever flown in
Space Shuttle-based: 28 spacewalks space. The windows use advanced
ISS-based: 108 spacewalks Total time: over technologies to protect the sensitive
849 hours (35.4 days) Crew Support In fused silica glass panes. Each window has
flight: 6 crew members Ground: more than three subsections: an inner scratch pane
100,000 personnel States: 37 Countries: to protect the pressure panes from damage
16. inside the Cupola; two 1.0 inch thick
35Zvezda Service Module The Russian pressure panes to maintain cabin pressure
Zvezda (Russian for Star) module is (the outer pane is a back-up for the inner
similar in design to the Mir Space Station pane); and a debris pane on the outside to
Core Module. Crew member living protect the pressure panes from space
accommodations are provided on Zvezda debris when the shutters are open. The
including personal sleeping quarters; windows are protected by seven external
hygiene and toilet facilities; a galley shutters which can be opened by the crew
with a refrigerator/freezer, hot and cold from inside. The shutters are closed to
water dispensers, hot plates to warm food, protect the glass from micrometeoroids and
and a table for securing meals while orbital debris, and to prevent solar
eating. The 42,000 lb, 43 ft long module radiation from heating the Cupola or to
has a total of 14 windows, including three avoid losing heat to space. Bay Window by
9-inch diameter windows in the forward Frank Morring, Jr; Aviation Week and Space
Transfer Compartment for viewing docking Technology; February 22, 2010; Volume 172,
activities; one large 16-inch diameter page 33.
window in the Working Compartment; an http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/node3/SEM1XBSJ
individual window in the two sleep 4G_0.html.
stations (crew compartment); and 48Integrated Truss Structure (ITS) The
additional windows positioned for Earth simple, girder-like appearance masks the
and intra-module observations. Exercise ITS’ multiple ISS roles. Laboratories,
equipment include a NASA-provided living quarters, payloads and systems
treadmill and a stationary bicycle. ISS equipment are directly or indirectly
Food The food on the ISS is mainly frozen, connected to the ITS. American
dehydrated or heat-stabilized, and drinks photovoltaic arrays, supplying 105 KW of
are dehydrated. Crew members collect food ISS power (enough to light a town), will
trays and utensils, locate their eventually be attached to the ITS. Wires
individually-packaged meals from a storage and cables snake through the truss to
compartment, prepare the items (re-hydrate carry energy and information to the
if necessary), heat the items, place them farthest reaches of the station. The
in the tray and eat. Canned foods, can starboard side of the truss incorporates
openers and eating utensils are among the four external attach points for
items observed on or near the galley experiments and the port side two. The ITS
table. After the meal, they place the used also houses batteries, radiators, antennas
items in a trash compactor, and clean and and gyroscopes. The Center Truss Segment
stow the utensils and trays. is attached to the Cradle Assembly affixed
Interestingly, crew members select their to the American Destiny laboratory module.
menus approximately five months before From the Center Truss Segment, the ITS
their flight. will eventually extend on both sides until
36MIR Human Waste Disposal Unit. The it reaches a total length of more than 300
Zvezda toilet is the same well-tested ft. Space Shuttle missions are required to
design used on the Russian Mir Space deliver and assemble the pre-integrated
Station. The Mir female toilet truss segments. Three truss segments have
configuration is shown. It physically been assembled: Center Truss Segment,
resembles those used on Earth. The Waste Starboard 1 (S1) Truss and Port 1 (P1)
and Hygiene Compartment (WHC) is the Truss.
second toilet facility on the ISS. The WHC 49Unity Node Module The 25,600 lb, 18 ft
is an upgraded Mir toilet housed in an long and 14.8 ft diameter module serves as
equipment rack and located in the American a connecting passageway between ISS
Tranquility module. Crew members must elements using six Common Berthing
clamp themselves to the toilet in order Mechanisms (CBMs). One CBM is on each end
not to float away. The crew uses and four CBMs are equally spaced around
individual urine funnels which are Unity’s circumference. Unity is similar to
attached to hoses, and the urine is the Destiny laboratory module architecture
deposited into a waste container. Since but it only has 4 equipment racks.
there is almost no gravity, vacuum suction Resources such as life support systems,
draws away the waste. Liquids and solids fluids, environmental control, electrical
are treated separately and stored in and data systems are routed through Unity
cylindrical containers; both are disposed for distribution to the attached modules.
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Living on the International Space Station (ISS)

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