Тексты на английском
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Forestry in Finland
Forestry in Finland
Forestry and forest-based industry in the national economy of Finland
Forestry and forest-based industry in the national economy of Finland
The Two Inventory Systems in Finland
The Two Inventory Systems in Finland
The Two Inventory Systems in Finland
The Two Inventory Systems in Finland
History of NFI
History of NFI
History of NFI
History of NFI
Reactions to changing information needs
Reactions to changing information needs
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
NFI9 (1996-2003)
Recent changes in NFI
Recent changes in NFI
Blue marks: NFI clusters, intensified sampling, Bitterlich relascope
Blue marks: NFI clusters, intensified sampling, Bitterlich relascope
NFI12 Fixed radius plot
NFI12 Fixed radius plot
Recent changes in NFI
Recent changes in NFI
Recent changes in NFI
Recent changes in NFI
Recent changes in NFI
Recent changes in NFI
Thank you
Thank you
Thank you
Thank you
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Recent Development in the National Forest Inventory of Finland

содержание презентации «Recent Development in the National Forest Inventory of Finland.ppt»
Сл Текст Сл Текст
1Recent Development in the National 10from the rest of Finland: all plots are
Forest Inventory of Finland Kari T. measured in one year (not in 5 years)
Korhonen Metla/NFI Irkutsk 1.10.2014. NFI11 completed in 2013 Need to combine
2Forestry in Finland. Forest land 20.3 management planning with NFI ->
mill. ha Growing stock 2.3 bill. m3 Annual application of lidar techniques.
increment 104 mill. m3/a Forest ownership: 10/2/2015. 10.
Private 61%: 630 000 forest owners State, 11Blue marks: NFI clusters, intensified
municipalities, parishes and other public sampling, Bitterlich relascope plots with
entities 28% Limited companies 9% Jointly basal area factor 1 Red plots: extra
owned forests 2%. plots, selected using lidar data features.
3Forestry and forest-based industry in 10/2/2015. 11.
the national economy of Finland (2012). 12Recent changes in NFI. 1. NFI in ?land
Gross value of the production of forest Islands (2013) Results: appr. 80
industries 18 bill. €/a Total value of additional plots were needed in addition
goods exports 11 bill. €/a (=19% of the to the NFI plots Accuracy of volume
total value of goods exports): Wood estimates at stand level (average size
products 2 bill. €/a (sawn goods 1.2 less than 1 hectare) very good (standard
bill.€, plywood 0.4 bill.€) Pulp and paper error around 20 %) Combining NFI and
9 bill. €/a (paper 5 bill. €, paperboard 2 management planning was successfull in
bill €, pulp 1.4 bill. €). ?land islands, but method cannot be copied
4The Two Inventory Systems in Finland. as such for other parts of Finland because
1. Management planning inventories NFI sampling is much lower in other parts
Forestry Center for private forests, of Finland. 10/2/2015. 12.
Forest Service and forest companies for 13Recent changes in NFI. 2) Better
their own forests To produce management support to remote sensing In Finnish NFI,
plans (10 year period) Government relascope plots has been applied because
supports, appr. 16.5 mill. €/year in they are very efficient for volume
private forests Standwise inventory , new estimation Only 10 trees per plot on
method based on laser & field plots 2. average -> Not very good for
National Forest Inventory (NFI) country classification of remote sensing material
and district level results, based on - Need to support management planning
statistical sampling covers all country, inventories -> fixed radius plots.
all land, all ownership groups... 5 year 10/2/2015. 13.
cycle annual budget appr. 1.6 mill. euro. 14Restricted relascope plot. Each
10/2/2015. 4. diameter defines different sized plot
5Why NFI. Government needs Forest Maximum radius 12,52 m (South) or 12,45 m
policy, forestry programs Protection of (North).
forests Assessing sustainability of 15NFI12 Fixed radius plot. Fixed radius
forestry Estimating forest carbon budget, - 9 m: for trees with d1.3 ? 95 mm - 5,64
other international reports & m: for trees 45 mm ? d1.3 < 95 mm Small
statistics (Forest taxes) Regional needs tree relascope plot - Factor 1,5: for
Regional planning: setting goals for trees with d1.3 < 45 mm. 2.10.2015. 15.
thinnings, tending of seedling stands etc. 16Recent changes in NFI. 2) Better
Forest certification Forest Industry needs support to remote sensing Tree
Planning of forest industry investments measurements by one person -> Sonar
Timber procurement Research. 10/2/2015. 5. electronic callibers Development 2010-2012
6History of NFI. First inventory in Used by all field groups 2014->
1921-1924 first four NFIs were carried out 10/2/2015. 16.
as line surveys forest stands on the line 17Recent changes in NFI. 3) New Forest
were observed Cluster wise systematic Act 1.1.2014 Allows various management
sampling since the 5th NFI (1964 - ), options: No lower limit for cutting
field work by regions. maturity Uneven aged management Need to
7Systematic Cluster Sampling Design: follow what changes the new management
Example NFI9, Central Finland. Cluster pracitices may cause in forests -> new
design. Plot design. 7 km. 7. 8. 9. 6. 10. permanent plots -> 60 % of field
5. 11. 4. 12. 7 km. 3. 13. 2. 14. 1. 15. clusters are now permanent. 10/2/2015. 17.
18. 17. 16. 300 m. K. P. 300 m. 18EFINORD-SNS Forest Inventory Work
P=Permanent cluster. - every 4th cluster. Group. In 1980’s Nordic countries
plots 11-14 not measured. 1 200 m. established Forest Inventory and Planning
K=Temporary cluster - All 18 plots Group of researchers and industry to
measured. K. K. 1 500 m. exchange experiences on forest inventory
8Reactions to changing information and management planning issues Working
needs. 8th NFI 1986 – 1994 Assessment of method: worshop once in 2 years for forest
forest damages added Use of satellite inventory reserchers, organisations and
images in national forest inventory PhD students Baltic countries joined 6
(MS-NFI) since 1990 9th NFI 1996 – 2003 years ago EFINORD countries included in
MS-volume map used for planning new design the workshop 2013 Current chair of the
Permanent plots established Assessment of group Kari T. Korhonen Next meeting in
biodiversity components 10th NFI 2004 – Finland (late August) in ?land islands, 2
2008 Green house gas inventory -> days Funding for practical arrangements
Continuous inventory 11th NFI 2009 – 2013 & accommodation has been applied from
Trees out side Forests 12th NFI 2014-2018 EFINORD/SNS Possible to pay flying tickets
Better support to remote sensing New for 1-2 PhD students per country
forest act. Possibility to arrange a special session
9NFI9 (1996-2003). NFI10+ (2004-2008). (1 additional day) on forest inventory
10Recent changes in NFI. 1. NFI11 in issues on very large areas, such as
?land Islands (2013) Autonomous Siberia. 10/2/2015. 18.
archipelago region in Finland Because of 19Thank you. Forest. Well-being.
islands travelling between field plots is Know-how. knowledge. 10/2/2015. 19.
difficult, therefore sampling is different
Recent Development in the National Forest Inventory of Finland.ppt
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Recent Development in the National Forest Inventory of Finland

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