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The Foul Papers were often difficult to decipher
The Foul Papers were often difficult to decipher
Hamlet says, I know a hawk from a handsaw
Hamlet says, I know a hawk from a handsaw
Hamlet says, I know a hawk from a handsaw
Hamlet says, I know a hawk from a handsaw
To be, or not to be
To be, or not to be
Taming of the Shrew
Taming of the Shrew
Shakespeare and the English Language
Shakespeare and the English Language
Shakespeare and the English Language

: Pat Pingeton. , . , Shakespeare and the English Language.ppt zip- 630 .

Shakespeare and the English Language

Shakespeare and the English Language.ppt
1Shakespeare and the English Language. 15bandie, frowne, Launces, strawes,
Pat Pingeton Martin Baker. weaknesse, stomakes, boote, foote, dutie,
2Spelling. Still varied during readie,
Shakespeares time Very few words didnt 16Fie, Fie, vnknit that threatening
exist in the past as they do now, however vnkinde brow, And dart not scornefull
there were many variations that have since glances from those eies, To wound thy
fallen out of use Some ME conventions Lord, thy King, thy Gouernour. It blots
still used, especially early on in thy beautie, as frosts doe bite the Meads,
Shakespeares career Final -e often used Confounds thy fame, as whirlewinds shake
arbitrarily, I.E bone vs. OE ban Modern faire budds, And in no sence is meete or
practice of using u for vowel and v for amiable. A woman moud, is like a
consonant came into use during first half fountaine troubled, Muddie, ill seeming,
of seventieth century. thicke, bereft of beautie, And while it is
3Spelling Continued. I used to so, none so dry or thirstie Will daigne to
represent both vowel I and consonant J, sip, or touch one drop of it. Thy husband
modern distinction developed sometime is thy Lord, thy life, thy keeper, Thy
after 1639 I and Y are interchangeable E head, thy soueraigne: One that cares for
is dropped many times and replaced with an thee, And for thy maintenance, commits his
apostrophe I.E desprizd instead of body To painfull labour, both by sea and
disprized Doubled consonants used in order land: To watch the night in stormes, the
to indicate preceding vowel was short, I.E day in cold, Whilst thou lyst warme at
coppy, pollicy French loan words ending in home, secure and safe, Fie, fie, unknit
-ic often add a k to show that consonant that threatning, unkind brow, And dart
was pronounced [k] and not [s], I.E not scornful glances from those eyes To
magick, rusticke Spelling vv occasionally wound thy lord, thy king, thy governor. It
used for w. blots thy beauty as frosts do bite the
4Punctuation. Modern punctuation meads, Confounds thy fame as whirlwinds
logical and uniform, Shakespearean shake fair buds, And in no sense is meet
rhetorical and varied Fewer stops, commas or amiable. A woman moved is like a
then now If my Uncle thy banished father fountain troubled, Muddy, ill-seeming,
had banished thy Uncle the Duke my father thick, bereft of beauty, And while it is
(As You Like It I.II.9) Commas used to so, none so dry or thirsty Will deign to
indicate emphasis I have heard that Julius sip or touch one drop of it. Thy husband
Caesar, grew fat with feasting there is thy lord, thy life, thy keeper, Thy
(Anthony and Cleopatra II.VI.64) Question head, thy sovereign, one that cares for
mark used as an exclamation mark. thee, And for thy maintenance commits his
5Punctuation continued. Commas used body To painful labour both by sea and
instead of colon or semicolon to indicate land, To watch the night in storms, the
long pause A calender, a calender, looke day in colds, Whilst thou liest warm at
in the Almanack, finde out Moone-shine, home, secure and safe,
finde out Moone-shine (Midsummer Nights 17And craues no other tribute at thy
Dream III.I.54) Semicolons used to hands, But loue, faire lookes, and true
emphasize preceding word Thus, what with obedience; Too little payment for so great
the war; what with the sweat, what with a debt. Such dutie as the subiect owes the
the fallowes, and what with poverty, I am Prince, Euen such a woman oweth to her
Custom-shrunke (Measure for Measure husband: And when she is froward, peeuish,
I.II.84. sullen, sowre, And not obedient to his
6Capitals are used not only for proper honest will, What is she but a foule
names but also for words that have a contending Rebell, And gracelesse Traitor
special significance Italics used for to her louing Lord? I am ashamd that
proper names and quotes, not emphasis. women are so simple, To offer warre, where
7Shakespeares Foul Papers. Messy they should kneele for peace: Or seeke for
handwritten versions of Shakespeares rule, supremacie, and sway, When they are
plays. These papers went to a scribe and bound to serue, loue, and obay. Why are
were then made into a print copy our bodies soft, and weake, and smooth,
Mistakes and miswrites were made during Vnapt to toyle and trouble in the world,
the conversion process. What we have now But that our soft conditions, and our
in folio are usually versions of the harts, Should well agree with our
print copy. externall parts? Come, come, you froward
8The Foul Papers were often difficult and vnable wormes, My minde hath bin as
to decipher. bigge as one of yours, My heart as great,
9Hamlet says, I know a hawk from a my reason haplie more, And craves no other
handsaw.. There is an ongoing debate tribute at thy hands But love, fair looks,
whither the actual text said this or I and true obedience, Too little payment for
know a hawk from a heronshaw. Which are so great a debt. Such duty as the subject
both birds. owes the prince, Even such a woman oweth
10To be, or not to be. to her husband, And when she is froward,
11To be, or not to be, that is the peevish, sullen, sour, And not obedient to
question, Whether tis nobler in the minde his honest will, What is she but a foul
to suffer The slings and arrowes of contending rebel, And graceless traitor to
outragious fortune, Or to take Armes her loving lord? I am ashamed that women
against a sea of troubles, And by are so simple To offer war where they
opposing, end them, to die to sleepe No should kneel for peace, Or seek for rule,
more, and by a sleepe, to say we end The supremacy, and sway When they are bound to
hart-ake, and the thousand naturall shocks serve, love and obey. Why are our bodies
That flesh is heire to; tis a consummation soft, and weak, and smooth, Unapt to toil
Deuoutly to be wisht to die to sleepe, To and trouble in the world, But that our
sleepe, perchance to dreame, I theres the soft conditions and our hearts Should well
rub, For in that sleepe of death what agree with our external parts? Come, come,
dreames may come When we haue shuffled off you froward and unable worms, My mind hath
this mortall coyle Must giue vs pause, been as big as one of yours, My heart as
theres the respect That makes calamitie great, my reason haply more,
of so long life: For who would beare the 18To bandie word for word, and frowne
whips and scornes of time, Th opressors for frowne; But now I see our Launces are
wrong, the proude mans contumely, The but strawes: Our strength as weake, our
pangs of desprizd loue, the lawes delay, weakenesse past compare, That seeming to
To be, or not to be; that is the question: be most, which we indeed least are. Then
Whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer vale your stomackes, for it is no boote,
The slings and arrows of outrageous And place your hands below your husbands
fortune Or to take arms against a sea of foote: In token of which dutie, if he
troubles And, by opposing, end them. To please, My hand is readie, may it do him
die, to sleep- No more, and by a sleep to ease. To bandy word for word and frown for
say we end The heartache and the thousand frown; But now I see our lances are but
natural shocks That flesh is heir to tis straws, Our strength as weak, our weakness
a consummation Devoutly to be wished. To past compare, That seeming to be most
die, to sleep. To sleep, perchance to which we indeed least are. Then vail your
dream. Ay, theres the rub, For in that stomachs, for it is no boot, And place
sleep of death what dreams may come When your hands below your husbands foot, In
we have shuffled off this mortal coil Must token of which duty, if he please, My hand
give us pause. Theres the respect That is ready, may it do him ease.
makes calamity of so long life, For who 19Vocabulary in Taming of the Shrew.
would bear the whips and scorns of time, Many of the words Shakespeare used have
Thopressors wrong, the proud mans since fallen out of use Daigne- To think
contumely, The pangs of disprized love, worthy of oneself Adapted word daign
the laws delay. Last used in 1879 Froward Disposed to go
12The insolence of office, and the counter to what is demanded or what is
spurnes That patient merit of thvnworthy reasonable. Fell out of use in late 19th
takes, When he himselfe might his quietas Century Peevish- Irritable, querulous, and
make With a bare bodkin; who would these childishly fretful Still in use Bandie
fardels beare, To grunt and sweat vnder a Bandy To contend strive fight. Bandie
wearie life, But that the dread of The Stickleback- Small spiny fish.
something after death The vndiscouerd 20Vocabulary. Mixture of old and new
country, from whose borne No trauiler words Shakespearean characters sometimes
returnes, puzzles the will, And makes vs coin new words, someone use familiar words
rather beare those ills we haue, Then flie in unfamiliar senses Uses some poetic
to others that we know not of. Thus expressions that dont make sense to a
conscience dooes make cowards of vs all, modern reader More and less meaning
And thus the natiue hiew of resolution Is people of all ranks used in Macbeth V.IV.9
sicklied ore with the pale cast of Comparison white as a whalebone.
thought, And enterprises of great pith and 21Some Shakespearian Idioms. In my
moment, With this regard theyr currents minds eye A foregone conclusion The very
turne awry, And loose the name of action. pink of courtesy weird as an adjective
Soft you now, The faire Ophelia, Nimph in Shakespeare can not be closely associated
thy orizons Be all my sinnes remembred. with any of the plans for enriching the
The insolence of office, and the spurns language put fourth by the Elizabethan
That patient merit of thunworthy takes, rhetoricians, such as the use of inkhorn
When he himself might his quietus make terms, archaisms, and dialect words,
With a bare bodkin? Who would these though it is possible to find examples in
fardels bear, To grunt an sweat under a each category..
weary life, But that the dread of 22Introducing new words. Elizabethan
something after death, The undiscovered spelling has some rules, but was highly
country from whose bourn No traveler variable. Shakespeares introduction of
returns, puzzles the will, And makes us new words happened through the medium of
rather bear those ills we have Than fly to theater (not print), so in a way he added
others that we know not of? Thus fuel to the fire introducing sometimes
conscience does make cowards of us all, difficult words (Provulgate) into the
And thus the native hue of resolution Is slowly stabilizing system of spelling.
sicklied oer with the pale cast of 23So what is the difference? Many of the
thought, And enterprises of great pith and differences that appear stark on paper
moment With this regard their currents might not have been as easy to pick up on
turn awry, And lose the name of action. orally Main differences that could be
Soft you, now, The fair Ophelia! Nymph, picked up by listening seem to be in
in thy orisons Be all my sins remembered. punctuation and flow Some words and
13Taming of the Shrew. expressions that an Elizabethan would have
14 no trouble picking up on appear strange to
15Wordz thaht r spelld difruntlie. modern readers.
Thretaning, eies, Gouernour, beautie, doe, 24Sources. For the original spelling and
whirlewinds, faire, meete, moud, form of Shakespeares plays, check out
fountaine, thicke, berest, budds, William Shakespeare: The Complete Works on
thirftie, daigne, soueraigne, painfull, course reserve For information of
Whilst, lyst, warme, lookes, froward, Shakespeares language, check out Andre ,
peeuish, sowre, foule, Rebell, gracelesse, Deutsch. The Language of Shakespeare.
ashamd, warre, supremacie, obay, weake, London: G.L Brook, 1976.
toyle, harts, minde, bigge, haplie,
Shakespeare and the English Language.ppt

Shakespeare and the English Language

Shakespeare and the English Language

English words - That is all! Words. Translate into English. Translate into Russian. Match the expressions to others with similar meanings. Is it True or False? 1) Go and wotch a match 2) Go to a disko 3) Go shopping 4) Go for a picnic 5) Go sightseeng 6) Go and see a frend 7) Go to a party 8)I had a terible time 9) Go skiing 10) Go for a meel in a restaurant.

The animals - HIPPO. FISH. KOALA. The animals which live in Australia. STARFISH. TIGER. ZEBRA. LIZARD. FLAMINGO. The animals which live in the rainforest and tropics. BOBCAT. PARROT. CAMEL. FOX. KANGAROO. POLAR BEAR. SEA-HORSE. SCORPIO. The animals which live in the polar regions. The animals which live in the OCEAN.

The green movement - Several active workers managed to steal up on a raft to a platform and to chain themselves to it. Management of each such branch in which head there is a chief executive, carries out national board. Their features. The countries in which there are offices Greenpeace. The main objective to achieve the decision of global environmental problems, including by attraction to them of attention of the public and the authorities.

William Shakespeare - The early years. The end of his life. ? His father - a fairly rich merchant. The Globe Theatre. Wife and Children. ? worked both as an actor and a writer. ? joined a travelling company of actors. ? Born in April 1564 in Stratford on Avon. "Alls well that ends well". Shakespeares schooling.

English for you - . . . ( ). : . .



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