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The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
Proclamation of 1763
Proclamation of 1763
Unfair Taxing
Unfair Taxing
The Boston Massacre
The Boston Massacre
The Tea Act and The Boston Tea Party
The Tea Act and The Boston Tea Party
The First Continental Congress
The First Continental Congress
The Battle of Lexington and Concord
The Battle of Lexington and Concord
The patriots prepare for battle:
The patriots prepare for battle:
Declaring Independence
Declaring Independence
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The American Revolution

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1The American Revolution: Causes and 44Native Americans and quietly slipped onto
Independence. the docks of Boston Harbor. The boarded
2Overview: As Great Britain gained more three ships of the British East India
and more land, they needed a way to pay Company and dumped all the tea into the
for the land and the battles they fought water.
in to win land. Colonists eventually 45The Boston Tea Party. They emptied 342
became tired of the extra taxes that the chests of tea. The tea was worth more than
king was putting on them to pay for his 10,000 pounds, almost $19,000. This event
debts. Thus, the American Revloution became known as The Boston Tea Party. As a
began. result, the king passed a series of
3Causes of the American Revolution. Intolerable Acts. One of these acts closed
French and Indian War Proclamation of 1763 Boston Harbor until the money for the tea
Unfair Taxes Boston Massacre Boston Tea was paid back to Great Britain. This put a
Party. halt to many imports and exports to and
4Vocabulary: Allies: People who unite from Britain.
with others during time of war Boycott: to 46The Boston Tea Party. Another part of
refuse to buy goods from another person or the Intolerable Acts gave more power to
country Loyalist: An American colonist who the governor of Massachusetts. The
supported King George during the governor was loyal to Great Britain, not
revolution Patriot: an American colonist to the colonies. The boycotts and riots
who supported the fight for independence. did not change much about the way the
5Vocabulary: Minutemen: American colonists were governed.
colonists who were ready to fight at a 47Check for Understanding: Why did the
moments notice Rebel: to resist authority king pass the Tea Act? He thought it would
of one’s government Traitor: Someone who calm the colonists down to take all other
betrays his or her country Treaty: An taxes away. The king did not like tea. The
agreement made by negotiation between two colonists hated tea, and never drank it.
governments. 48Guided Practice: Create a Boston Tea
6The French and Indian War. Click on Party Step Book 1. Create 3 flaps and
picture to get to the Brain Pop. label them cause, effect, and repercussion
7French and Indian War. The French and 2. We will write the correct responses
the British were fighting over frontier under each flap together. 3. Add this to
land. The Indians sided with the French your keepsakes pocket.
during the war. For a while, the French 49Independent Work: Describe The Boston
and Indians were beating Great Britain. Tea Party in your own words.
The British decided to purchase new 50Exit Ticket: What were the Intolerable
weapons so they could win the war. They Acts?
ended up defeating the French and Indians 51The First Continental Congress. Click
in battle. on the picture to watch the video.
8French and Indian War: The After 52The First Continental Congress. Many
Effects. Because the British ran up so colonists were still loyal to Great
much debt for new weapons during the war, Britain because it was their homeland.
they began taxing the colonists. This made These people were known as the loyalists.
the colonists very angry because they were Others wanted to change the way Britain
being forced to pay off debt for the king treated them. They were known as the
with their tax money. patriots. On September 5, 1774, patriot
9Check for Understanding: Why were the leaders met to talk about the Intolerable
French and the British fighting? Who did Acts.
the Indians side with in the war? Who 53The First Continental Congress. They
ended up winning the war? What was a were not meeting to push for independence.
negative effect for the colonists after They thought that if they all came
the war? together for a meeting, they could make
10Guided Practice: French and Indian War the British government listen to what they
lock and key booklet. had to say. They wanted things to change,
11Independent Work: Answer the following but in a peaceful way.
question in a paragraph: Pretend you were 54The First Continental Congress. They
a colonist and the king was forcing you to decided that if the government caught wind
pay taxes for a debt that he owed. How of their meeting, they would start a war
would this make you feel? What would you against them. They decided to form an army
do? just in case war broke out. Within their
12Exit Ticket: What was the war called army, they trained 70 men to be ready for
when the French and the British fought for battle at a moment’s notice. They were
Frontier land? Who did the Indians side known as the minutemen.
with? 55Check for Understanding: Who were the
13Proclamation of 1763. Click on the loyalists and the patriots? What was the
picture to get to the song. purpose of the First Continental Congress?
14The Proclamation of 1763. After the Who were the minutemen?
French and Indian War, King George issued 56Guided Practice: Create a scroll by
the Proclamation of 1763. This prohibited writing a paragraph on a piece of
any colonist from moving westward out of construction paper answering the 5 W’s of
the 13 colonies. He reserved the land to the First Continental Congress. -who -what
the west for Indian Territory. He did not -when -where -why.
want colonists to move west and begin war 57Independent Work: Answer the following
with the Indians again. question in paragraph form: Why did the
15The Proclamation of 1763. This angered representatives at the First Continental
the colonists because they fought in the Congress decide to form an army?
French and Indian War that helped gain 58Exit Ticket: When did the First
this land for the king. Now, they were not Continental Congress take place?
allowed to live on it. The colonists are 59The Battle of Lexington and Concord.
now angry with the king for taxing them Click on the picture to watch the Brain
after the war, and not allowing them to Pop video.
settle land that they helped gain. 60The king takes charge: In April 1775,
16Check for Understanding: 1. Why did patriot leaders learned that King George
the king issue the proclamation? 2. Why planned to enforce British rule by any
did the proclamation anger the colonists? means necessary. He sent British troops to
17Guided Practice: Create your own arrest patriot leaders and seize weapons
Proclamation of 1763. Answer these 2 and gunpowder that the colonists stored at
questions on your construction paper: 1. Concord, Massachusetts. The British
Why did King George III issue the leaders decided that if they stopped a
proclamation? 2. Why did the proclamation rebellion in Massachusetts, the other
anger the colonists? Curl up the edges of colonies would not cause trouble.
your paper to look like a scroll. 61The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere: More
18Independent Work: Answer in paragraph than 600 British troops marched towards
form: What compromise could have been made Lexington, Massachusetts to arrest patriot
that could have satisfied the king and the leaders. They wanted to keep their march a
colonists? secret, but news got out. On the night of
19Exit Ticket: In your own words, tell April 18, 1775, patriot Paul Revere set
me what the Proclamation of 1763 was. out on his famous midnight ride to
20Unfair Taxing. Click the picture to Lexington. He reached the patriot leaders
listen to “No More Kings”. just in time to warn them that the British
21Sugar Act. The king’s first attempt at were coming.
taxing the colonists was known as the 62The patriots prepare for battle: After
Sugar Act. The Sugar Act was passed in Paul Revere’s midnight ride, the patriots
1764. This act forced colonists to pay prepared their minutemen for battle. They
taxes on molasses that was brought to the were waiting for the British army the next
colonies from Europe. The colonists did morning in Lexington.
not agree with the unfair tax, so they 63Check for Understanding: What message
found ways to smuggle the molasses in was the king trying to send to the other
without the guards knowing. colonies by marching his troops into
22Sugar Act. As long as the guards did Massachusetts? Who sent word to the
not know that the molasses was coming in, patriots that the British troops were
they could not charge the colonists a tax coming? What did the patriots do to
on it. This angered the king because he prepare?
was not getting enough money to pay his 64Guided Practice: Make a mini book of
debt. He made other attempts to raise Paul Revere’s ride Illustrate each page of
money. the book. Put it in the keepsake pocket.
23Stamp Act. In 1765, the king passed 65Independent Work: Answer the following
the Stamp Act. This law required colonists question in paragraph form: How do you
to pay taxes on every piece of printed think Paul Revere felt the night he warned
paper they used. The tax included ship’s the patriots of the British’s arrival?
papers, legal documents, licenses, Would you have done the same thing?
newspapers, and playing cards. The money 66Exit Ticket: What do you think might
raised would pay British troops who were happen next?
stationed along the Appalachian Mountains. 67The American Revolution begins: When
24Stamp Act. Most colonists disagreed the British troops arrived in Lexington
with the tax. They were worried that it and saw the minutemen waiting, neither
would lead to more taxes. Some colonists side wanted to start a war. The 70
decided to boycott the taxed goods. minutemen would be no match for the 600
Because of the boycott, Great Britain British soldiers. The captain of the
decided to remove the tax a year later. minutemen told them to scatter. As the
25Check for Understanding: 1. What was minutemen began to retreat, a single shot
the king’s first attempt at taxing the rang out.
colonists? 2. Why did the Sugar Act not 68The American Revolution begins: No one
raise enough money? 3. What did the king knows who fired that first shot, but it
try next? 4. Why was the Stamp Act not a became known as “The Shot Heard Around the
success? World”. This shot at Lexington started the
26Guided Practice: Question and Answer American Revolution. British soldiers
Flip Book about the unfair taxes. immediately started to panic and began
27Independent Work: Answer in paragraph shooting. Seven minutemen died.
form: If you were the king, what would you 69The Battle at Concord: In Concord, the
do to ensure that the colonists paid their patriots were better prepared. As the
taxes? British got closer, 500 minutemen stopped
28Exit Ticket: Describe the Stamp Act them at the bridge outside of town.
and Sugar Act in your own words. Another battle began, and as patriots got
29Townshend Acts. In 1767, the king word of this, they came to join the battle
passed Townshend Acts. This act taxed Soon, the British army was outnumbered and
imports such as glass, lead, paint, paper, forced to retreat to Boston.
and tea. Again, colonists protested the 70Check for Understanding: Why did
tax by boycotting the goods. Tension rose neither side want a battle when the 2 met
between the British and the colonists. In in Lexington? Who fired the first shot of
some cities like Boston, Massachusetts, the American Revolution? What was the shot
British soldiers stood guard in case the known as?
colonists rioted. 71Guided Practice: Create a puzzle piece
30The effects of the taxing: Tension timeline of Lexington and Concord. -Choose
rose between the British and the the 5 most important events from the
colonists. In some cities like Boston, battles. -Be sure to include Paul Revere’s
Massachusetts, British soldiers stood ride and the shot heard around the world.
guard in case the colonists rioted. -Write a sentence about each event and
31Check for Understanding: 1. What were illustrate it on the puzzle piece. -Glue
the Townshend Acts? 2. Were they them down and keep in you keepsake pocket.
successful at raising money for the king? 72Independent Work: Answer the following
32Guided Practice: Take a few minutes to question in paragraph form: Pretend you
quiz a neighbor over the notes that we were one of the 70 minutemen facing the
have taken so far. 600 trained British soldiers. How would
33Independent Work: Answer in paragraph you feel? What would you do?
form: What do you think might happen if 73Exit Ticket: How did the patriots
the king continues to forces taxes on the finally win the battle at Concord?
colonists? 74Declaring Independence. Click on the
34Exit Ticket: Why was tension rising picture for the Brain Pop.
between the British and the colonists? 75Winning the war: After a few battles
35The Boston Massacre. Click on the against Great Britain, the patriots began
picture to get to the video. considering a new nation independent of
36The Boston Massacre. The Boston Great Britain. On March 4, 1776, the
Massacre occurred on March 5, 1770. A few patriots won their first major victory
boys in Boston, Massachusetts were tossing during the Battle on Dorchester Heights.
snow balls at the guards that were This gave the patriots control of the city
stationed there. At first, the soldiers of Boston. After this victory, the
ignored the boys, but others began to join colonies officially declared their
in. The guards feared the mob might attack independence from Great Britain.
them, so a guard fired a shot into the air 76The Declaration of Independence:
to try and scare them off. Thomas Jefferson wrote The Declaration of
37The Boston Massacre. When the shot was Independence. It was approved at the
fired, other soldiers began firing at the Second Continental Congress on July 4,
crowd. The colonists used sticks, knives, 1776. For this reason, we celebrate
and rocks as weapons to fight the guards. Independence Day ever year on the Fourth
Five colonists were killed during the of July. The first person to sign the
attack. The newspapers labeled this event declaration was John Hancock. He says he
“The Boston Massacre”. The colonists were signed it so large so that the king could
angered by at the situation. see it without wearing his glasses!
38Check for Understanding: How did the 77The Declaration of Independence: The
Boston Massacre begin? The British Declaration of Independence had 3 main
soldiers began shooting at the colonists. parts. The first part stated that all men
A mob of colonists attacked the British were created equal and are born with
guards. A few boys were teasing the guards certain unalienable, human rights. Among
by throwing snowballs at them. these rights are life, liberty, and the
39Guided Practice: Create a Boston pursuit of happiness. When the government
Massacre Timeline flag. 1. Label the flag denies these rights, the people have a
with the words first, next, then, and right to revolt.
finally. 2. Pick the 4 most significant 78The Declaration of Independence: The
events leading up to the Boston Massacre second part contained a long list of
and write them in complete sentences on grievances against the British government.
the flag. 3. Color and decorate if there These complaints included passing taxes
is time. without the colonists’ consent, cutting
40Independent Work: Answer the following off trade between the colonies and the
question in paragraph form: Pretend you rest of the world, denying colonists of a
were the newspaper reporter that got the trial by jury, and for sending large
story of what happened in Boston. Write an numbers of troops to stand guard in
article in your own words describing “The American cities.
Boston Massacre”. 79The Declaration of Independence: The
41Exit Ticket: Why did a British soldier third part of the Declaration of
fire a shot into the air? Independence was a formal claim of
42The Tea Act and The Boston Tea Party. independence. The patriots named their new
Click on the picture to watch the video on country the United States of America. The
the Boston Tea Party. goal of the Declaration of Independence
43The Tea Act. The British became was to encourage the colonies to unite as
concerned that the colonists would rage one country.
war against them, so they wanted to do 80Check for Understanding: What was the
something. After the Boston Massacre, final battle of the American Revolution?
Great Britain lifted the taxes on all Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
imports except tea. They believed that the How many parts were there to the document?
colonists would rather pay the tax on the 81Guided Practice: Create a Declaration
tea than to be without it. This taxing on of Independence Quiz Panel (directions are
tea was known as The Tea Act. The on the panels).
colonists did not like this tax either. 82Independent Work: Answer the following
44The Boston Tea Party. After the question in paragraph form: Pretend you
passing of the Tea Act, the colonists were were the writer of the Declaration of
even more angered, and they decided to Independence. What kinds of things would
take another step towards showing Great you want listed in your document?
Britain they were tired of the taxing. 83Exit Ticket: What was the goal of the
Late one night on December 16, 1773, a Declaration of Independence?
group of colonists disguised themselves as
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The American Revolution

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