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The Case of Zambia

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1ESTABLISHING COORDINATED MULTISECTORAL 12Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral
RESPONSES – The Case of Zambia. Responses Cont’d. two centres were
PRESENTATION BY S/SUPT B.M. T. NGULUBE established in 2006, one in urban settting
ZAMBIA POLICE SERVICE. (Lusaka) and the other in peri urban
2SCOPE. Introduction Establishment of setting (Chipata). By 2008, the ASAZA
coordinated multisectoral responses Role Project was scaled-up and extended to the
of the Police Challenges in establishing following areas of Zambia: Kabwe, Kitwe,
coordinated multisectoral responses Livingstone, Ndola and Mazabuka. (see map
Overcoming challenges and good practices of Zambia as per attached copy).
for up-scaling Conclusion. 13Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral
3INTRODUCTION. Establishment of CRCs: Responses Cont’d. For easy mobility and
The establishment of a coordinated quick follow-up of SGBV cases, in December
multisectoral response in Zambia can be 2008 Care International Zambia donated to
understood better and appreciated by first Zambia Police Service four motor vehicles
examining, nature of the problem, how it Data capturing and analysis is cardinal
was perceived earlier and the legal for monitoring and evaluation. To achieve
environment to address it. Nature of the this, Care International Zambia trained
problem: Violence is a daily and often some police officers in data entry and
deadly fact of life for millions of women donated some computers for data capturing.
and children. In Southern Africa as in the contact persons were indentified for each
rest of the world, rape, abuse and institution, this development enhanced
domestic violence occur on an epidemic coordination and ease referrals whenever
scale. faced with a situation that required the
4Introduction Cont’d. Perception of input of other role players.
SGBV in Zambia in the recent past: Sexual 14The Role of the Policce. To receive
and Gender Based violence (SGBV) crime in SGBV reports and investigate them Prepare
Zambia is often perpetuated by the victims for court as witnesses Bring
cultural environment that generally does perpetrators to book Sensitise the public
not categorise SGBV as abuse of human on SGBV crimes Offer counselling to
rights. Legal environment: initially when victims.
victims of SGBV took initiative and 15Challenges in Establising CRCs. Lack
reported to the police, the police of shelter or inadequate shelter for the
perceived such cases as family issue and abused children and women, to ensure
not criminal in nature. safety of the victims in some of the cases
5Introduction Cont’d. Furthermore, result in inadequate support Transport and
Zambia’s statutory legal system unchanged communication have been difficult issues
since independence did not recognise for the centres Inadequate space and
sexual or physical assault within marriage staffing aspects within the CRCs (this
as a crime. To compound the problem, the results in stressing them).
criminal justice was not adequately 16Challenges in Establishing CRCs
equipped with skills, resources or Cont’d. The medical services are one of
statutes to fully address SGBV and uphold the most essential services. Hence, the
the rights of women and children. Some of overall shortage of medical personnel in
the challenges included: the country has posed a challenge to the
6Introduction Cont’d. Current position concept of having a medical person at the
of Zambia on SGBV: Zambia is a signatory CRC. High staff turn-over, especially in
to a number of international instruments, governmental organizations like the Police
which seek to protect women and children and Ministry of Health, as it jeopardizes
The Government of Zambia in collaboration flow of coordination and new staff may be
with a number of stakeholders, including ill equipped. Thus training them adds onto
cooperating partners and the civil society already existing funding constraints.
has been making conseted efforts in 17Overcoming Challenges. Involve all the
addressing SGBV. partners from the very initial design of
7Introduction Cont’d. The recent effort the program and action implementation,
include the enactment of the Anti-Gender including monitoring and evaluation of the
Based Violence Act No. 1 of 2011, the CRCs, as this ensures institutional
amendment Act of the Penal Code (Act No. strengthening and capacity building for
15 of 2005) and the enactment of the all the partners at individual and
Anti-Human Trafficking Act No.11 of 2011. organizational levels To overcome staff
Consequently, the establishment of turn-over, need for continued training of
coordinated multisectoral response centres role players in the fight against SGBV. To
(CRCs)in the country has helped survivors counteract the shortage for medical
gain easy access to legal, medical and personnel, victims of SGBV must be
psychological support. transported to the nearest hospitals so
8Introduction Cont’d. The approach to they can access services, which in turn
coordinated multisectoral response to SGBV puts a demand on transport.
has built and enhanced capacity of the 18Overcoming Challenges Cont’d. To
police and health care givers in handling strengthen the laws on SGBV, need to
SGBV. engage parliamentarians and lobby for
9Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral enactment of relevant laws suitable to
Responses. With reference to Zambia, the address the plight of women and children.
establishment of coordinated With regard to inadequate shelter, setting
multi-sectoral responses to address SGBV up shelter places can address the problem.
was first piloted as a project in 2006 Need for enough manpower at the CRCs, to
Among other partners included the ensure excellent service delivery.
following partners; Ministry of Gender in 19Overcoming Challenges Cont’d. To
Development, Ministry of Community and change the culture of silence that does
Social Services, Ministry of Health, the not recognise SGBV as a violation of human
Zambia Police Service, Young Women’s rights, incorporate community leaders who
Christian Association (YWCA) of Zambia, will play an important role as a change
Child Justice Forum (CJF). agent in influencing perceptions and
10Establishing Coordinated Multisectoral behavior on SGBV. Need to develop
Response Cont’d. Their services include protocols on SGBV case management for
legal, health and psychosocial counseling, legal and health care givers so that there
law reform The aim of ASAZA Project was to is a standardized procedure For continuity
establish coordinated multi-sectoral of the CRCs, there is need to have a
responses aimed at expanding and consortium in place or an organization
strengthening the capacity of the SGBV among partners responsible to coordinate,
partnership to improve service delivery monitor and evaluate.
and develop a holistic approach as well as 20Conclusion. Involving all the partners
sustainable support to SGBV victims or from the design of the program and action
survivors. implementation, including monitoring and
11Establishing Multisectoral Responses evaluation of the CRCs, ensures
Cont’d. Implementation methodology:The institutional strengthening and capacity
partners were involved from the onset of building for all the partners at
the program to enhance the understanding individual and organizational levels.
of the roles of each player and thus pave 21Conclusion Cont’d. It furthermore
way for coordination in a multisectoral strengthens the capacity of the
approach as well as making referrals easy. partnership and proves that collaborative
The role players were also involved in work at the CRCs and at national level is
monitoring and evaluation program for the an adequate approach for raising awareness
CRCs so that together they learn their on SGBV, and introducing measures to
institutional strength and weaknesses, and counteract.
suggest measures to address the 22CLARIFICATIONS.
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The Case of Zambia

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