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Transfer & Transport
Transfer & Transport
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Legislation & Regulation
Legislation & Regulation
Transfer: In/Out of vehicles: SHA
Transfer: In/Out of vehicles: SHA
Transfer: In/Out of vehicles: SHA
Transfer: In/Out of vehicles: SHA
Transfer: In/Out of vehicles: SHA
Transfer: In/Out of vehicles: SHA
Small Handling Aids (SHA)
Small Handling Aids (SHA)
Small Handling Aids (SHA)
Small Handling Aids (SHA)
Swivel Seats
Swivel Seats
Hoist
Hoist
Autochair Lite Wheelchair Lift & Storage
Autochair Lite Wheelchair Lift & Storage
Transfer & Transport
Transfer & Transport
Wheelchair Systems
Wheelchair Systems
Wheelchair Systems
Wheelchair Systems
Wheelchair Systems
Wheelchair Systems
Autochair - Carony Wheelchair System
Autochair - Carony Wheelchair System
Autochair - Carony Wheelchair System
Autochair - Carony Wheelchair System
Autochair - Carony Wheelchair System
Autochair - Carony Wheelchair System
Wheelchair Accessible Vehicles (WAV)
Wheelchair Accessible Vehicles (WAV)
Transport: wheelchair users
Transport: wheelchair users
Transport
Transport
Transport
Transport
Transport
Transport
Transport: Wheelchair – raised backs/head restraints
Transport: Wheelchair – raised backs/head restraints
Vehicle Ramps
Vehicle Ramps
Vehicle Ramps
Vehicle Ramps
Vehicle Ramps
Vehicle Ramps
Transfer & Transport
Transfer & Transport
Transfer & Transport
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Transfer & Transport
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Transfer & Transport

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1Transfer & Transport. Simon Wells 25restraint being fitted it should be
MSc DCR (R) Moving & Handling Advisor removed & stored If possible replace
Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation raised back with a detachable head
Trust, London & Queen Victoria restraint correctly positioned / secured
Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Sussex. (screw thread so backward force compresses
2 rather than loosens restraint).
3Aim. Transfer – (non-emergency) In/out 26Transport: Narrow wheelchairs. For
of vehicles – client, equipment certain models – Not possible to follow
(wheelchair, hoist ) techniques equipment manufacturers instructions since clamps
Transport – (routine) equipment guidance have an inwards orientation If this does
Sources of information. not allow for secure restraint – use 4
4Legislation & Regulation. • The point webbing restraint in preference.
European Bus Directive 2001/85/EC, Annex 27Transport: Powered Wheelchairs.
VII, Paragraphs 3.8.2.8 and 3.8.2.9. • Powered off Firmly secured Batteries –
European Directive 76/115/EEC, Anchorages secured Manual brakes applied If no manual
for motor vehicle safety belts. • European brakes clutch engaged – this may prevent
Directive 77/541/EEC, Safety belts and ratchet clamps from proper safe fitting
restraint systems of motor vehicles. • Not to be secured with ratchet clamps –
UNECE Regulation 14.04, Safety belt use 4 point webbing to be used and user
anchorages. • UNECE Regulation 16.06, secured If central mounted joystick –
Safety belts and restraint systems. • reposition to one side or remove.
UNECE Regulation 107.02, Approval of M2 28Transport: Seating inserts. Insert
and M3 vehicles, general construction. secured to wheelchair MHRA – advises
Annex 8, Paragraphs 3.8.3.8 and 3.8.3.9. • postural straps supplied with a seat
The Public Service Vehicles Accessibility should be used during travel Special seats
Regulations 2000, SI 1970. • BS ISO 10542 will need to be secured following
Wheelchair tie-downs and occupant manufacturers instructions, generally with
restraint systems: Part 1 - Requirements straps additional to & separate from
and test methods for all systems. • BS ISO passengers safety restraint system
10542 Wheelchair tie-downs and occupant Lightweight cushions do not need to be
restraint systems: Part 2 - Four-point secured.
strap type tie-down systems. • ISO 10542 29Transport: Pommels & knee blocks.
Wheelchair tie-downs and occupant Assess risk of groin injury If possible –
restraint systems: Part 3 - Docking type remove (but only if users medical advisor
tie-down systems. • BS EN 1789: 2007 approves) If not possible – travel rear
Medical vehicles and their equipment, Road facing ensure user wears travel harness
Ambulances. • SAE J2249 Wheelchair & lap strap consider padding around
tie-down and occupant restraint systems the pommel.
for use in motor vehicles. For other 30Tracking in minibuses. Most mini buses
global standards, please contact our have floor tracking - Low profile tracking
Engineering team. is recommended for floor tracking Surface
5Legislation & Regulation. mounted tracking for walls to secure
Wheelchair tie-downs & occupant folded wheelchairs, other equip.
restraints 'WTORS Min. req - WTORS - ISO Wheelchair clamps - Widely used &
10542 (parts 1-5). All WTORS are required suitable – for manual wheelchairs weighing
to pass a simulated crash test at < 38 kgs Lockable ratchet clamps are
20g/48kph using an 85kg surrogate preferable, to hook type & more secure
wheelchair and 75kg ATD occupant. ISO Ratchet clamps – fit vertically Adjustable
10542 compliant WTORS satisfy req. - bar- which rests on wheelchair chair frame
European Whole Vehicle Type Approval for and onto which lockable wheelchair clamps
Wheelchair Accessible Vehicles under the can be fitted, position bar so cannot
Special Purpose Category, The European Bus damage spokes.
Directive 2001/85/EC, UNECE Regulation 107 31Wheelchair restraints. Wheelchair 4
and the UK Public Service Vehicles point webbing tie downs Suitable -
Accessibility Regulations (PSVAR) 2000. man/powered wheelchairs < 85 kgs (106
ISO 7176 Part 19 - Wheeled Mobility kgs for heavy duty types) Attach
devices for use as seats in motor vehicles wheelchair (at set points/manufacture)
ISO 7176 Part 19 wheelchair manufacturers at/below seat height; 2 at front, 2 at
with min. design performance req.& rear Fixed design Restraints mounted on
assoc., test methods for manual & fixed base which fits into floor tracking
powered wheelchairs intended for use as a Floor tracking fitted and in good repair
forward-facing vehicle seat in a road Seat restraint systems which are not track
passenger vehicle. Vehicle Seat fixtures compatible but can be slotted into
UNECE Regulation 14, or Directive predetermined access points in vehicle
76/115/EC, as amended by 2005/47/EC. floor and ceiling.
specify seatbelt anchorage load 32Safety Restraints. Seat belts – offer
requirements by vehicle category: M1 protection, law Exemption certificate from
Vehicles: Vehicles for the carriage of GP If exempt must inform Insurance company
passengers comprising no more than eight Wheelchair user posture belts are not
seats in addition to the driver. M2 passenger safety belts – have No
Vehicles: Vehicles for the carriage of connection to the floor or body of
passengers comprising more than eight vehicle.
seats in addition to the driver's seat and 33Passenger Safety Belts. ONLY use as
having a maximum mass not exceeding 5 manufacture specifies Vehicles to carry
tonnes. M3 Vehicles: Vehicles used for the seat belt cutters for use in emergency
carriage of passengers comprising more Must be tight across pelvis fitting inside
than eight seats in addition to the not outside framework of seat or
driver' seat and having a maximum mass wheelchair lap belt – must not ‘ride up’
exceeding 5 tonnes Seatbelts design and over abdomen (risk of internal injury if
performance requirements of UNECE collision or user slides out) Shoulder
Regulation 16 and the Directive 77/541/EC, traps fit across collar bone, not
as amended by Directive 2005/40/EC. Floor neck/throat Safety belts should be in good
& Anchorage Systems requirements of order & easy to apply Passenger safety
UNECE Regulation 14 & Directive lap belt (not wheelchair lap belt) is min.
76/115/EC as amended. . requirement for forward facing travel
6Transfer & Transport: People & Single diagonal strap of double straps
equipment. Independent Mobile & secure upper body gives additional
requiring assistance Wheelchair users can protection to head 2 Point Safety Belts
transfer can not transfer Existing (most common type) 2 points of attachment
assessment - follow guidance If no to vehicle floor/track system 3 designs:
assessment ensure it is undertaken & lap belt (are min. req. but little upper
documented to ensure a safe system of body security inertia reel belt (are
transfer for both client & carer. comfortable with good muscle tone/upper
7Transfer: in/out of vehicles. Options: body control fixed harness with 2 shoulder
- Small handling aids (SHA) Swivel Seats straps (preferable if low muscle tone).
Hoists Wheelchair systems Wheelchair 343 - point safety belts. 3 - point
accessible vehicle (WAV). Increasing cost. belt; 2 Attachments - floor, plus to
8Transfer: In/Out of vehicles: SHA. framework of vehicle above height of
Dependant on assessment and design of car, seated passengers shoulders Preferable to
height of transfer surfaces, size of 2 - point safety belts where shoulder
individual, space, degree of mobility of straps run over passengers shoulder &
individual etc Equipment which may assist: directly down to floor 3rd attach takes a
– Transfer boards Turn tables Rota stands single diagonal fixed belt or inertia reel
Slide sheets Transfer bar….. extension but not a harness with straps
9Small Handling Aids (SHA). No over both shoulders Very few vehicles are
adaptations required for these options adapted to take 3 point systems Future -
Handy bar - acts as a grab bar, Consider for replacement vehicles.
lightweight stainless steel bar with soft, 35Transport: travel in a Mobility
non-slip hand grip Non slip handle and scooter on a bus. Certain smaller mobility
simple to use slides into car door latches scooter’s are compatible with low-floor
- can be used on nearly any car door frame buses, if: - your local bus company is
Car Caddie Provides an additional hand running a scooter permit scheme your
hold & loops over top part of scooter is a Class 2 type & meets
door/window frame Transfer board Person certain size limits bus company has
can slide from seated surface in/out of assessed you in safely using your scooter
vehicle seat Soft turntable Helps user on the bus Permit schemes developed across
swivel their bottom and move their legs the UK - Confederation for Passenger
into/out from the vehicle ‘slide aid’ – Transport (CPT) & in London by
may need to be removed before driving. Transport for London (TfL). If bus company
10Swivel Seats. Whole seat swivels - part of CPT – issue permits which confirm
Rotate 90? or Rotates coupled with a you/your scooter are allowed to travel
lifting & lowering function Transfer ricability website - info. on bus
from wheelchair in vehicle onto swivel companies running the scheme & list of
seat Transfer from wheelchair to seat mobility scooters that meet the criteria
outside vehicle. www.ricability.org.uk/consumer_reports/mob
11Hoists. Lifts person from wheelchair lity_reports/mobility_scooters_on_buses.
into the vehicle Lifts & stores 36Vehicle Ramps. Generally aluminium
wheelchair during transport. fixed or telescopic ramps provide safe
12Hoist. access even where there are significant
13Autochair Lite Wheelchair Lift & height differences wear-free non-skid
Storage. System folds, lifts & locks surface providing grip in wet or dry
away a manual wheelchair in less than 90 conditions Light weight & compact
seconds Wheelchair is enclosed during Smooth nylon glide adjustment (telescopic)
travel Suitable for most manual folding Consider noise if rattle in the vehicle
wheelchair with removable footplates & during transport Ideally soft end profiles
some wheelchairs with fixed plates In - no sharp corners Soft rounded carry
emergencies, door can be opened and the handles.
wheelchair unloaded manually All 37Seating systems. Seating systems can
operations are from the normal driving greatly improve a vehicle layout by
position Operation achievable from the offering flexible seat configuration.
drivers’ seat Can be transferred to your Flexibility easily modified from fully
next vehicle. seated to wheelchair accessible Seat
14 Fixtures Fitted to the seat legs to
15Wheelchair Systems. Wheelchair seat provide an easy way of moving the seat
replaces the vehicle seat User stays in within the vehicle removable seat
same seat Wheels will need to be stored fixtures, designed for ease of operation
separately once safely transferred into and safety single hand operated lockable
vehicle (carer safety) If specialist systems an alternative, the Standard
seating required, not be an option. Removable Seat Bolt systems Functions as a
16Wheelchair Systems. Ex - Milford non-removable fixing for semi-permanent
Person Lift - The Electric Person Hoist seat positions. Combined Seat &
Hoist designed for lifting people from Wheelchair Restraint Provides either a
wheelchair into/out of a vehicle Fits most seat or wheelchair restraint, is easy to
4 door cars, all 2 door cars, people move within the vehicle and combines a
carriers & 4x4s SWL – 111 – 148 kg small footprint as an optimal space saving
8kg, has emergency switches & optional design. The locking foot operation and
manual operation Fitted to the driver's adjustable reaction bar ensure the
side, passenger's side both front & wheelchair is kept securely in place. A
rear Hoist operation by a carer or modular system for PTS or the Ambulance
disabled person using a small control box sector, it enables multiple and quick
attached to a fly lead. solutions for the driver as well as
17Autochair - Carony Wheelchair System. security for the passenger.
allows the seat in the vehicle to become 38Training. Proper training for staff
your wheelchair seat the seat in the and helpers and carers Transport providers
vehicle becomes your wheelchair seat, regular risk assessments Some training
eliminating the need to transfer from one organisations…..
seat to another Carony base unit is then 39Training Organisations. AJS Training
stowed in the boot of the vehicle 3 Tel: 0116 277 5242 Email:
versions available: ‘transit’ wheelchair - stanley520@btinternet.com Website:
wheelchair user is pushed by a carer ‘user www.ajstraining.com The Community
propelled’ - wheelchair user can propels Transport Association Tel: 0161 351 1475
themselves electric wheelchair option. Email: info@ctauk.org Website:
18Wheelchair Accessible Vehicles (WAV). www.ctauk.org Specialised Transport
Wheelchair or mobility scooter driven onto Advisory Network Tel: 01642 656320 Email:
vehicle Remain in wheelchair as a info@stan-training.co.uk Website:
passenger Option - drive from wheelchair www.stan-training.co.uk Mark's Specialised
Most expensive option WAV from Transport Tel: 01522 793816 Email:
Motability……. www.ricability.org.uk - enquiries@marksspecialisedtransport.com
guide providing info. on vehicles that Website:www.marksspecialisedtransport.com
allow you to travel in your wheelchair. Nu-Track Ltd Tel: 028 94469550 Email:
Contact information reviewed 6 mthly, enquiries@nu-track.co.uk Website:
guidance 2 yrly (Oct 2011). www.nu-track.co.uk. Community Transport
19….About Motability. Motability Training Tel: 01954 253545 Email:
national charity Helps disabled people info.ctt@btinternet.com website:
with their personal mobility Oversee the www.communitytransporttraining.com Phoenix
Motability Scheme which includes the Car Training Tel: 01745 870456 Email:
Scheme &the Powered Wheelchair & john@phoenixtraining.co.uk Website:
Scooter Scheme Manages the Government’s www.phoenixtraining.co.uk Karen Gibson Ltd
Specialised Vehicles Fund, specifically to Tel: 01484 680951 Email:
help people who need a heavily adapted kgibsondts@aol.com Website:
vehicles Raises money for own Charitable www.accessible-transport-training.co.uk
Grants Programme - provides additional Promobility Tel: + 353 1 8900890 Email:
financial help to those people whose charlie@promobility.ie website:
allowance does not cover the cost of the www.promobility.ie Puwertec Ltd Tel: 0845
mobility solution they need Adaptations 0590023 Email: info@puwertec.com Website:
are available through Motability to make www.puwertec.com.
your driving, or travelling, experience as 40If you can’t use your own vehicle –
comfortable as possible. Adaptations can Supported transport/travel. Advice on
help you drive, stow your wheelchair or Supported Travel is available from your
scooter, or get in and out of the car local SPoC (Single Point of Contact)
www.motability.co.uk. Limited service - priority is given to
20Transport: wheelchair users. Self vulnerable people in isolated & rural
transfer in / out of vehicle Requires areas. You may qualify if you: - Do not
assistance to transfer into vehicle have or are unable for medical reasons to
Generally safer for person to be travel in your own transport Cannot be
transported in the vehicle seat rather driven to your healthcare appointment with
than their wheelchair If there is an friends, neighbours or relatives Are
assessment of how transport should be medically unable to use public transport,
facilitated – follow recommendations/plan or this is not practical due to your
If No assessment – some guidance to assist isolated/rural address It would be
….. detrimental to your immediate health if
21Transport. Wheelchair & occupant you were not to attend your appointment on
restraints Occupant Restraint System – the day in question You have 3 or more
passenger harness Flooring systems Seating appointments in any consecutive 4 week
systems Accessories (head replacement). period and do not have access to
22…..Transport: Advice & Guidance. alternative means of travel due to any of
MHRA (insert contact info web) the above If a community voluntary car is
www.mhra.gov.uk Community Transport provided, normally a nominal mileage
Association UK (www.ctauk.org) Dept. of charge is made towards this service, check
Transport (www.dft.gov.uk/) Wheelchair this with your SPoC prior to travelling If
manufacturers (leaflets/instructions). you qualify under the guidelines above
23Transport: wheelchair users. Direction please contact your nearest SPoC.
of travel Code of Practice on the Safety 41Ricability. research and information
of Passengers in Wheelchairs on buses VSE for older and disabled people independent
87/1 Wheelchair users travel facing consumer research charity providing free,
forwards, unless provided with a vertical practical & unbiased reports for older
bulkhead against which to travel & disabled people
rear-facing Not advised for wheelchair www.ricability.org.uk
user to travel rear facing against the www.ricability.org.uk/consumer_reports/mob
back of a vehicle seat (since not lity_reports scooters_on_buses
vertical) Wheelchair accessible taxis – if getting_in_and_out_of_a_car
integral bulkheads & suitable bulkhead reports/address list
& restraints may offer rear facing wheelchair_accessible_vehicles.
facility (as do some accessible low floor 42
buses Use parked/braked position (front 43Sources of Information 1. Motability
castors orientated forwards & brakes DLF Ricability Queen Elizabeth Foundation
on) User restraints fitted Wheelchair tie Independent Living.
downs. 44Sources of Information 2. Medicines
24Transport: Equip. attached to and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency
wheelchair. assess how attachments would (MHRA) for Technical enquiries - Wheeled
move if a collision bags removed from Mobility & Seating Centre, Blackpool
wheelchair remove trays/tables, Telephone 01253 596000 MHRA – Other
communication boards – fit foam block if enquiries- Business Services, Hannibal
they remain in position do not remove House, Elephant & Castle, London SE1
footrests as may support posture 6TQ. Tel: 0207972 8360. The Community
respiratory equipment, firmly secured. Transport Association (UK) Tel/Fax: 0161
25Transport: Wheelchair – raised 351 1475 / 0161 366 6685 E-Mail:
backs/head restraints. Leave support in advice@communitytransport.com The
position to prevent whiplash Shoulder Community Transport Association (Wales)
straps of the occupant restraint - slotted Tel: 01286 675555 Department for Transport
beneath raised back rather than placed Mobility & Inclusion Unit Tel: 0207
over the top of the raised back; sudden 944 8300 Fax: 0207 944 6589 CTA –
brake straps may break the raised back If Community Transport Association -
raised back of wheelchair prevents www.ctauk.org/advice-and-information/leafl
shoulder straps from wheelchair occupant ts.aspx.
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