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Internet Grows Exponentially
Internet Grows Exponentially
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2: Internet History

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12: Internet History. Last Modified: 11collection of interconnected networks 1982
11/2/2015 7:52:18 PM. -1. – ISO releases OSI seven layer model;
2How did the Internet come to be? It actual protocols die but model is
started as a research project to influential 1/1/1983 – Original ARPANET
experiment with connecting computers NCP was banned from the ARPANET and TCP/IP
together with packet switched networks. It was required 1984 – Cisco Systems founded.
was developed with funding and leadership -11.
of the Defense Department’s Advanced 121983-1986: Not Just a Research Project
Research Projects Agency (ARPA). -2. Anymore. 1984 – Domain Name System
3Who invented the Internet? Al Gore? No introduced; 1000+ hosts (200 hosts by end
? Leonard Kleinrock who did early work in of 1970s; over 100000 by end of 1980s)
packet switching? Vint Cerf and Robert 1986 – NSFNET created to provide access to
Kahn who defined the "Internet 5 super computer centers including Theory
Protocol" (IP) and participated in Center at Cornell (NSFNET backbone speeds
the development of TCP? Tim Berners-Lee 56 Kbps) 1983 – ARPANET split into ARPANET
who developed HTTP to support a global and MILNET; MILNET to carry defense
hyper-text system he called the World Wide related traffic. -12.
Web? (Internet vs the World Wide Web?). 131988-1989: Growing Pains? 1988 - Nodes
-3. on Internet began to double every year
41958-1961: Connect Computers? 1958 – November 1988 – Internet worm affecting
After USSR launches Sputnik, first about 10% of the 60000 computers on the
artificial earth satellite, US forms the Internet (Robert Morris, Cornell) 1988 -
Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
the following year, within the Department established in December with Jon Postel as
of Defense (DoD) to establish US lead in its Director. Postel was also the RFC
science and technology applicable to the Editor and US Domain registrar for many
military 1961 – First published work on years. -13.
packet switching (“Information Flow in 141990-1993: WWW Explosion. 1990 –
Large Communication Nets”, Leonard ARPANET ceases to exist 1990 – Tim
Kleinrock, MIT graduate student) 1964 – Berners-Lee develops hypertext system with
other independent work in packet switching initial versions of HTML and HTTP and
at RAND Institute and National Physics first GUI web browser called
Laboratory in England. -4. “WorldWideWeb” 1993 – Mosaic, a GUI web
51966 –1968: Connect Computers? Funded. browser, written by Marc Andreessen and
1966 – Lawrence Roberts (colleague of Eric Bina at NCSA takes world by storm
Kleinrock from MIT) publishes overall plan (showed in-line images and was easy to
for an ARPAnet, a proposed packet switch install); WWW proliferates at a 341,634%
network 1968 – ARPA awards contracts for annual growth rate of service traffic.
four nodes in ARPANET to UCLA (Network -14.
Measurement), Stanford Research Institute 151990-1993: Ready for Public
(Network Information Center), UCSB Consumption. 1990 – First ISP
(Interactive Mathematics) and U Utah world.std.com 1991 – NSFNET lifted
(Graphics); BBN gets contract to build the restrictions on use of NSFNET for
IMP switches. -5. commercial purposes 1992 – Internet
61969: First Connections. 4/7/1969 – Society founded 1993 – InterNIC created by
First RFC (“Host Software” by Steve NSF to provide Internet services; Private
Crocker) basis for the Network Control companies transition into roles (AT&T
Protocol(NCP) 9/2/1969 – Leonard – directory and database services; Network
Kleinrock’s computer at UCLA becomes first Solutions – registration services; CERFnet
node on the ARPANET 10/29/1969 – First – information services). -15.
packets sent; Charlie Kline attempts use 161995: As we know it. 1995- NSFNET
of remote login from UCLA to SRI; system reverts back to a research network. Main
crashes as “G” in entered. -6. US backbone traffic now routed through
71967-1971: So what do we do with it? commercial internet service providers 1995
1967-1972 – Vint Cerf, graduate student in – Sun launches Java 1995 - Traditional
Kleinrock’s lab, works on application online dial-up systems (Compuserve,
level protocols for the ARPANET (file America Online, Prodigy) begin to provide
transfer and Telnet protocols) 1971 - Ray Internet access 1995 - Registration of
Tomlinson of BBN writes email application; domain names no longer free. -16.
derived from two existing: an 17How to make the Internet better?
intra-machine email program (SENDMSG) and ???????????????????????? -17.
an experimental file transfer program 18Vint Cerf: Open Challenges. Vint Cerf:
(CPYNET). -7. “My primary disappointment has been the
81971-1973 Networks Growing. 1970 - slow pace of high speed access for
First cross-country link installed by residential customers and the demise of so
AT&T between UCLA and BBN at 56kbps many competitive local exchange carriers
Other networks: ALOHAnet (microwave (CLECs) in the US. The second area of
network in Hawaii), Telenet (commercial, disappointment is the slow uptake of
BBN), Transpac (France) 1973 – Ethernet version 6 of the Internet protocol (IPv6).
was designed in 1973 by Bob Metcalfe at Perhaps the third area is the continuing
Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) How difficulty caused by viruses, worms and
do we connect these networks together? -8. distributed denial of service attacks.”.
91972-1974: Protocol Development. -18.
1972-1974 – Robert Kahn and Vint Cerf 19Tim Berners-Lee: Making the Internet
develop protocols to connect networks Better. Tim Berners-Lee: “Nothing can be
without any knowledge of the topology or perfect, but the Web could be a lot
specific characteristics of the underlying better. It would help is we had easy
nets 1972 – Robert Kahn gives first public hypertext editors which let us make links
demonstration of ARPAnet (now 15 nodes) at between documents with the mouse. It would
International Conference on Computer help if everyone with Web access also had
Communication. -9. some space they can write to -- and that
101974-1978: Development of TCP/IP. 1974 is changing nowadays as a lot of ISPs give
– First full draft of TCP produced web space to users. It would help if we
November 1977 - First three-network TCP/IP had an easy way of controlling access to
based interconnection demonstrated linking files on the web so that we could safely
SATNET, PRNET and ARPANET in a path use it for private, group, or family
leading from Menlo Park, CA to Univ. information without fear of the wrong
College London and back to USC/ISI (Marina people being able to access it.”. -19.
del Ray, CA) 1978 – TCP split into TCP and 20Making the Internet Better. How about
IP. -10. you? -20.
111981 –1984: Base Protocols In Place. 21Outtakes. -21.
1981 – Term “Internet” coined to mean 22Internet Grows Exponentially. -22.
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2: Internet History

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