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A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
Growth of America
Growth of America
The Great American Desert
The Great American Desert
The Western Regions
The Western Regions
Western Migration
Western Migration
A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
The Donner Party
The Donner Party
The Donner Party
The Donner Party
What eventually made traveling and migrating west easier
What eventually made traveling and migrating west easier
The "Good Guys"
The "Good Guys"
Tombstone, Arizona
Tombstone, Arizona
Doc Holiday
Doc Holiday
Wild Bill
Wild Bill
Calamity Jane
Calamity Jane
Deadwood Dick
Deadwood Dick
The "Bad Guys"
The "Bad Guys"
Jesse James
Jesse James
Billy The Kid
Billy The Kid
Butch Cassidy
Butch Cassidy
The Sundance Kid
The Sundance Kid
The Cowboys
The Cowboys
The McCandles
The McCandles
The Daltons
The Daltons
Hmmmm
Hmmmm
Mexican-American War (1846  1848)
Mexican-American War (1846 1848)
The U.S. Civil War (1861  1865) North v. South
The U.S. Civil War (1861 1865) North v. South
With malice toward none, with charity for all,
With malice toward none, with charity for all,
Abe Lincoln Assassination April 14th, 1865
Abe Lincoln Assassination April 14th, 1865
Lincoln Assassination Missed Targets
Lincoln Assassination Missed Targets
The Other Assassins
The Other Assassins
The Other Assassins Mary Surratt
The Other Assassins Mary Surratt
Assassins Execution July 7, 1865
Assassins Execution July 7, 1865
The Other Assassins John Surratt
The Other Assassins John Surratt
The United States of America Post Civil War A country in crisis
The United States of America Post Civil War A country in crisis
U.S. soldiers return to the west (1865)
U.S. soldiers return to the west (1865)
Western U.S. Soldiers Duties
Western U.S. Soldiers Duties
Buffalo Soldiers
Buffalo Soldiers
The Obstacle The Red Savage
The Obstacle The Red Savage
Famous Indian Killers / Haters
Famous Indian Killers / Haters
Teddy Roosevelt
Teddy Roosevelt
Indian Removal Act (1830)
Indian Removal Act (1830)
Indian Removal Act (1830)
Indian Removal Act (1830)
Bad Treaties
Bad Treaties
Treaty of Ft
Treaty of Ft
The Indian Wars / Plains Wars The 2nd Civil War (1862 - 1890)
The Indian Wars / Plains Wars The 2nd Civil War (1862 - 1890)
Resistant Tribes
Resistant Tribes
Sioux War
Sioux War
Sand Creek Massacre
Sand Creek Massacre
Sand Creek Massacre Chivington Massacre
Sand Creek Massacre Chivington Massacre
Sand Creek Massacre Chivington Massacre
Sand Creek Massacre Chivington Massacre
Fetterman Massacre
Fetterman Massacre
Background of Conflict:
Background of Conflict:
A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
What Happened
What Happened
Native American Heroes
Native American Heroes
Treaty of Ft
Treaty of Ft
Black Hills
Black Hills
Crazy Horse Monument Where: Black Hills, SD
Crazy Horse Monument Where: Black Hills, SD
Panic of 1873
Panic of 1873
Little Big Horn Custers Last Stand
Little Big Horn Custers Last Stand
What Happened
What Happened
June 25, 1876
June 25, 1876
7th Cavalry Casualties 261
7th Cavalry Casualties 261
A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
The Apache Wars
The Apache Wars
Brigadier Gen
Brigadier Gen
General Nelson Miles
General Nelson Miles
Lt
Lt
Geronimo The Apache Warrior
Geronimo The Apache Warrior
Ft
Ft
Geronimos Imprisonment
Geronimos Imprisonment
The Ghost Dance
The Ghost Dance
Sitting Bulls Death Date: Dec
Sitting Bulls Death Date: Dec
Wounded Knee Massacre
Wounded Knee Massacre
Tragedy at Wounded Knee
Tragedy at Wounded Knee
December 29, 1890
December 29, 1890
The Buffalo Slaughter
The Buffalo Slaughter
William Cody Buffalo Bill
William Cody Buffalo Bill
A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill
Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill
Impact on Indians
Impact on Indians
Chief Seattle
Chief Seattle
Buffalo Chips
Buffalo Chips
The White Mans Victory
The White Mans Victory
Senator Henry Dawes
Senator Henry Dawes
The Dawes Act (1887) The Americanization of the Indians
The Dawes Act (1887) The Americanization of the Indians
The Dawes Act (1887) The death of the Indians
The Dawes Act (1887) The death of the Indians
Why was the Dawes Act a failure
Why was the Dawes Act a failure
An Americanized Indian
An Americanized Indian
Carlisle Indian School
Carlisle Indian School
Carlisle Indian School Band
Carlisle Indian School Band
American Indian Movement
American Indian Movement
AIM Flag
AIM Flag
AIM Conflicts
AIM Conflicts
AIM Conflicts
AIM Conflicts
Native American Occupation of Alcatraz
Native American Occupation of Alcatraz
A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
Black Hills
Black Hills
Genocide
Genocide
Making a Comparison
Making a Comparison
Making a Comparison
Making a Comparison
The End
The End

: A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination. : Bwah. : A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination.ppt. zip-: 6880 .

A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination

A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination.ppt
1 A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination

A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination

1860 1890 Civil War and Post Civil War

2 Growth of America

Growth of America

3 The Great American Desert

The Great American Desert

AKA: The Great Plains

Oklahoma Wyoming Minnesota Iowa Washington Oregon

Colorado North Dakota South Dakota Montana Nebraska Kansas

4 The Western Regions

The Western Regions

5 Western Migration

Western Migration

Reasons: 1. Mining (Gold & Silver) 2. Farming 3. New Life (Foreigners & Domestic) 4. Railroad Construction 5. Military Outposts 6. Absence of Law (Outlaws) 7. Entrepreneurs / Businessmen 8. FREE LAND!

Migration Trails: Oregon (West), Bozeman (North West), and Santa Fe Trails (South West)

6 A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
7 The Donner Party

The Donner Party

8 The Donner Party

The Donner Party

9 What eventually made traveling and migrating west easier

What eventually made traveling and migrating west easier

10 The "Good Guys"

The "Good Guys"

Lawmen

11 Tombstone, Arizona

Tombstone, Arizona

Wyatt Earp

12 Doc Holiday

Doc Holiday

Tombstone, Arizona

Dr. John Henry Holiday

13 Wild Bill

Wild Bill

Deadwood, South Dakota

Bill Hickok

Dead Man's Hand

Aces & Eights

14 Calamity Jane

Calamity Jane

Mary Jane Cannary

Deadwood, South Dakota

15 Deadwood Dick

Deadwood Dick

Deadwood, South Dakota

Nat Love

16 The "Bad Guys"

The "Bad Guys"

Outlaws

Western Situation = Lawlessness

17 Jesse James

Jesse James

18 Billy The Kid

Billy The Kid

William Bonney

Only known photo of him.

Close-up photo

19 Butch Cassidy

Butch Cassidy

George Leroy Parker

Parker took the name Cassidy from the leader of the first gang he was part of when the gang leader Mike Cassidy died. He then took the name Butch after he attempted to go straight with the law when he became a butcher in Wyoming.

20 The Sundance Kid

The Sundance Kid

Harry Longabaugh

When jailed as a teen in Crook County, Wyoming, he liked the name of a member in the local government named Sundance. He quickly adopted the name as his own.

21 The Cowboys

The Cowboys

Leader: Ike Clanton

The Clantons & McLaurys

22 The McCandles

The McCandles

23 The Daltons

The Daltons

Photo of the dead Dalton gang after a failed attempt to rob two banks in their home town.

24 Hmmmm

Hmmmm

Why were so many outlaws attracted to the western part of the U.S.?

25 Mexican-American War (1846  1848)

Mexican-American War (1846 1848)

Winner?

26 The U.S. Civil War (1861  1865) North v. South

The U.S. Civil War (1861 1865) North v. South

V.

Winner?

The Union (North)

The Confederacy (South)

Where was this war fought?

How did this war divide the U.S. Army?

End Date April 9th, 1865

27 With malice toward none, with charity for all,

With malice toward none, with charity for all,

..let us strive on to finish the work we are in, ...to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. - Abraham Lincoln, March 4, 1865 (2nd Presidential Inaugural Address)

28 Abe Lincoln Assassination April 14th, 1865

Abe Lincoln Assassination April 14th, 1865

29 Lincoln Assassination Missed Targets

Lincoln Assassination Missed Targets

Andrew Johnson Vice President

William Seward Secretary of State

30 The Other Assassins

The Other Assassins

Lewis Powell

George Atzerodt

David Herold

31 The Other Assassins Mary Surratt

The Other Assassins Mary Surratt

32 Assassins Execution July 7, 1865

Assassins Execution July 7, 1865

33 The Other Assassins John Surratt

The Other Assassins John Surratt

34 The United States of America Post Civil War A country in crisis

The United States of America Post Civil War A country in crisis

Five American Questions: Q: How do we re-build our country? A: Reconstruction and the civilization of the American West. Q: What is the direction or focus of our country? A: Wealth and prosperity for all. Q: What does our country rally behind? A: Be the #1 world industrial power. Q: Who is the new enemy? A: Native Americans Q: Why this new enemy? A: The are sitting on a pile of wealth and dont even know it.

35 U.S. soldiers return to the west (1865)

U.S. soldiers return to the west (1865)

From where?

36 Western U.S. Soldiers Duties

Western U.S. Soldiers Duties

Up to 1/3 third of western U.S. soldiers deserted.

build forts drive settlers from Indian reservations escort mail prevent smuggling protect miners, railroad crews, and politicians fight Indians

Pay: $13 a month

Why did U.S. soldiers not want to be stationed in the west? Hard and dangerous work for low pay.

37 Buffalo Soldiers

Buffalo Soldiers

38 The Obstacle The Red Savage

The Obstacle The Red Savage

Western Indian Population = 225,000

What was the impact of horses on Native American cultures?

39 Famous Indian Killers / Haters

Famous Indian Killers / Haters

Andrew Jackson Florida Indian Slaughter

Mad Anthony Wayne Battle of Fallen Timbers Treaty of Greenville

40 Teddy Roosevelt

Teddy Roosevelt

U.S. President 1901 1909

41 Indian Removal Act (1830)

Indian Removal Act (1830)

42 Indian Removal Act (1830)

Indian Removal Act (1830)

Trail of Tears (1838)

What: The forcible removal of 100,000 members from five different tribes in the southern part of the U.S.

When: 1832 1838

For their 100,000,000 acres of rich farm land, these Native Americans received 32,000,000 acres of dry prairie land in what is now present day Oklahoma.

Worchester v. Georgia (1832)

U.S Supreme Court Ruling: Georgia has no night to remove the Cherokee Indians. President Jacksons Response: Dared the U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall to enforce his ruling.

Why did the U.S. government want this land so bad?

43 Bad Treaties

Bad Treaties

Settlers and soldiers would trick Indians into signing treaties. Most times the treaty was never signed by the chief. Negotiators would bother the Indians until someone signed. Most Indians did not know what they were signing. Indians would unknowingly break the treaty. Broken treaties must be enforced by the U.S. Army = Indian Wars

44 Treaty of Ft

Treaty of Ft

Laramie 1851

Congress later cut the amount of yearly payments from 50 years to 10 years, and none of the tribes received their payments on a consistent regular basis.

Groups involved in this Treaty: U.S. Government 9 Native American Tribes in the Wyoming Territory Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Crow, Shoshone, Assiniboine, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara

Terms: 1. These tribes will not attack settlers moving west on the Oregon Trail. 2. Railroads and roads may be built in and through these tribes land. 3. Military forts may be built in these tribes land. 4. In exchange for these privileges, each tribe will be paid $50,000 a year for the next 50 years.

45 The Indian Wars / Plains Wars The 2nd Civil War (1862 - 1890)

The Indian Wars / Plains Wars The 2nd Civil War (1862 - 1890)

Sioux War (1862) Chivington Massacre (1864) Fetterman Massacre (1866) Little Big Horn (1876) Apache Wars (1861 1886) Wounded Knee Massacre (1890)

46 Resistant Tribes

Resistant Tribes

Sioux

Apache

Cheyenne

Why did they resist? This was an assault on the entire Native American way of life. They were defending their sacred homelands. They were defending their food source. They have always been a hunter-gatherer culture, now they are being told to be agrarian. They have always been a nomadic culture, now they are being told to be a stationary culture. Tribal clashes on the reservations between different tribes being forced to live on the reservation together as they never had before.

47 Sioux War

Sioux War

V.

Date: 1862 1864 Where: Minnesota

Little Crow Sioux Chief

Henry H. Sibley 1st Governor of Minnesota

(Winner)

December 26, 1862 = Largest mass execution in U.S. History (38) War continued until 1864 and ended in North Dakota

48 Sand Creek Massacre

Sand Creek Massacre

V.

Date: Nov. 29, 1864 Where: Colorado

Black Kettle Cheyenne Chief

John Chivington U.S. Colonel

49 Sand Creek Massacre Chivington Massacre

Sand Creek Massacre Chivington Massacre

Indians Position: Tension between white settlers and Native Americans was high in the Wyoming Territory. Native Americans would be protected from attack by the U.S. Army if they reported to the closest U.S. fort as non-hostiles. The Cheyenne were on their way to Ft. Lyon (Colorado) and set up camp camp 40 miles away from Ft. Lyon. They flew an American flag and a white flag of peace over their camp in an effort to show that they were coming in peace.

U.S. Armys Position: The 3rd Colorado Infantry Commander: Colonel John Chivington U.S. Soldiers: 700

50 Sand Creek Massacre Chivington Massacre

Sand Creek Massacre Chivington Massacre

Result: 450 Cheyenne were mutilated and killed. 2/3 of Native Americans were women, children, and elderly. The men (Braves) were away hunting.

51 Fetterman Massacre

Fetterman Massacre

V.

Date: Dec. 21, 1866 Where: Wyoming

Red Cloud Sioux Chief

William Fetterman U.S. Captain

This was part of Red Clouds War which is also known as the Bozeman War.

52 Background of Conflict:

Background of Conflict:

Effect: Miners and settlers created and used what became known as the Bozeman Trail to get to Montana, which passed through Sioux Land.

Cause: Gold was discovered in Montana in 1863.

Disagreement: Red Cloud wanted the miners to use the Bridger Trail to get to Montana, which did not pass through Sioux land.

Problem: The Bridger Trail is longer than the Bozeman Trail. The U.S. military, ignored Red Clouds wishes and began building forts along the Bozeman Trail for miners and settlers to live in and on their way to Montana.

A Promise To Keep: Red Cloud promised resistance to anyone on the Bozeman Trail who was not Sioux.

Name of Conflict: Red Clouds War or the Bozeman War.

53 A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
54 What Happened

What Happened

Fort Kearny: Military post in Rocky Mountains along the Oregon Trail, which connected to the Bozeman Trail. Colonel Henry Carrington Ft. Kearney Commander The Wood Train: Purpose To get wood out to other places along the Bozeman Trail in order to build more forts for miners and settlers passing through. Problem This was attacked by the Sioux and Cheyenne Indians on a daily basis.

Captain Henry Fetterman / 92 U.S. Troops: He bragged he could destroy the entire Sioux Empire with 80 men. He was ordered to protect the wood train up to Lodge Trail Ridge, because Carrington could not guarantee support from Ft. Kearny beyond this point. The wood train was attacked by a small group of Indians. Cpt. Fetterman pursued the Indians past Lodge Trail Ridge. He was ambushed by 2,000 Sioux Indians under the command of Chief Red Cloud 92 U.S. soldiers were killed in 20 minutes. Cpt. Fetterman took his own life to avoid being captured alive.

55 Native American Heroes

Native American Heroes

Chief Red Cloud

Sioux Warriors

56 Treaty of Ft

Treaty of Ft

Laramie 1868

Groups involved in this Treaty: U.S. Government Sioux

Terms: 1. Red Clouds War or Bozeman War is over. 2. The Black Hills of South Dakota is given to the Sioux. 3. Parts of Wyoming, Montana, South Dakota are guaranteed as hunting grounds for the Sioux.

This treaty was broken by the U.S. Government in 1877 after gold was discovered in the Black Hills.

57 Black Hills

Black Hills

Where: South Dakota

58 Crazy Horse Monument Where: Black Hills, SD

Crazy Horse Monument Where: Black Hills, SD

59 Panic of 1873

Panic of 1873

What: Economic Depression Time Period: 1873 1877 Result: 10,000 businesses fail Causes: Bankrupt Gov. and businesses from the Civil War To much money spent on railroad construction. Europe was also experiencing a Depression, and American businesses are heavily dependent on the European market to buy and sell American made goods. 4. The Gold Standard.

60 Little Big Horn Custers Last Stand

Little Big Horn Custers Last Stand

&

V.

Date: 1876 Where: Montana (Little Big Horn River)

Sitting Bull Sioux Chief

Krazy Horse Sioux Chief

George Custer U.S. General 7th Cavalry

61 What Happened

What Happened

Indian Surprise = Indians outnumbered 7th Cavalry 3 to 1

Why Here: Custer was sent to investigate the presence of gold in the Black Hills (South Dakota) which is sacred land to the Sioux Indians, and was given to them by the Treaty of Ft. Laramie (1868) Indian Lure: General Custer spotted forty Indians outside of a Sioux Indian encampment Pursued Indians to encampment over rough terrain Plan: Divided 7th Cavalry into three Battalions and attacked the encampment Custers Battalion, Renos Battalion, and Benteens Battalion

62 June 25, 1876

June 25, 1876

63 7th Cavalry Casualties 261

7th Cavalry Casualties 261

Battle Results : Little Big Horn

Custer and his battalion were all killed. Reno and Benteen managed to escape while sustaining casualties to their own battalions.

Sitting Bull (1890) and Krazy Horse (1877) were captured and killed in the future.

64 A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
65 The Apache Wars

The Apache Wars

Date: 1861 1886 Where: Arizona, New Mexico, & Mexico

Cochise (1815 1874) 1st Apache War (1861 1874)

Geronimo (1834 1909) 2nd Apache War (1874 1886)

66 Brigadier Gen

Brigadier Gen

George Crook

Apache Name: Nantan Lupan English Translation: Grey Wolf Chief

67 General Nelson Miles

General Nelson Miles

68 Lt

Lt

Charles Gatewood

Lt. Gatewood with U.S. Army Apache scouts.

Lt. Charles Gatewood

69 Geronimo The Apache Warrior

Geronimo The Apache Warrior

Geronimos Tribe: Chiricahua Apache

(1834 - 1909)

He had deep hatred towards any people who were not Apache, because his wife and children were killed by Mexicans. Geronimo and an Apache war party raided and killed Mexicans and white settlers in Mexico, New Mexico, and Arizona. In the 1880s the U.S. Army launched the Geronimo Campaign in an effort to capture Geronimo and his band of outlaw Chiricahua Apaches.

70 Ft

Ft

Marion St. Augustine, FL

71 Geronimos Imprisonment

Geronimos Imprisonment

When: 1886 1909 Where: Ft. Marion, FL and Ft. Sill, OK

On way to Ft. Marion, FL

P.O.W. Geronimo

72 The Ghost Dance

The Ghost Dance

Year Created - 1890

Creator - Wovoka (Indian Shaman) Called himself the Messiah Indians traveled to hear his teachings

Rationale - Praying for a return to the Glory Days Prophesized that the dead would soon join the living in a world in which the Indians could live in the old way surrounded by a plentiful game. A tidal wave of new soil would cover the earth, bury the whites, and restore the prairie.

73 Sitting Bulls Death Date: Dec

Sitting Bulls Death Date: Dec

15, 1890

Little Big Horn victory. (1876) Escape to Canada. (1877) Surrender at Ft. Buford, ND and to the Native American reservation. (1881) Arrest and shooting. (1890)

74 Wounded Knee Massacre

Wounded Knee Massacre

Date: Dec. 29, 1890 Where: South Dakota

Sitting Bull had recently been killed while being arrested. Big Foot was next on the U.S. Army to be captured and placed on trial. The U.S. Army 7th Cavalry was stationed above the Sioux camp at Wounded Knee awaiting orders to go in and capture Big Foot.

Big Foot Sioux Chief

While mourning of the death of Sitting Bull and the change in the Sioux lifestyle, the Sioux began performing the ceremonial Ghost Dance. The observing U.S. Army officers of the 7th Cavalry felt that the dance was an uprising and moved in to search the encampment and disarm the inhabitants of the camp.

75 Tragedy at Wounded Knee

Tragedy at Wounded Knee

Deaths 200 unarmed Sioux (Lakota) Indians were killed 25 U.S. troops were killed by friendly fire

The Search The 7th Cavalry searched the encampment and found many guns. A scuffle occurred when an Army Officer tried to take a gun from a deaf Indian. From an elevated position a Hotchkiss machine gun opened fire on the Sioux (Lakota) encampment.

Importance This conflict ended the Ghost Dance Movement and the Indian Wars.

76 December 29, 1890

December 29, 1890

77 The Buffalo Slaughter

The Buffalo Slaughter

Great Plains Buffalo Population: 1865 = 15,000,000 1890 = 1,000

Reasons: 1. Food 2. Hunting Game 3. Fur

78 William Cody Buffalo Bill

William Cody Buffalo Bill

Slaughtered buffaloes and sold the meat to railroad construction workers and the U.S Army.

Responsible for killing over 4,200 buffalo.

Nickname: Engaged in a buffalo killing contest with William Comstock.

79 A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
80 Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill

Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill

81 Impact on Indians

Impact on Indians

Kill a buffalo and you kill an Indian

Native American uses of the buffalo: Bones = Arrow Heads Meat = Food Fur = Clothing and Shelter Buffalo Chips = Fuel Tails = Fly Swatter Gal Stones = Paint Buffalo Fetus = Delicacy Smoked Fur = Moccasins

Buffalo = vital component of Native American lifestyle

Buffalo were seen as biblical in the eyes of Native Americans.

Buffalo Population Decline = contributed to the Indian Extinction

82 Chief Seattle

Chief Seattle

Letter to President Franklin Pierce (14th Pres. of the United States) 1854: Your destiny is a mystery to us. What will happen when the buffalo are all slaughtered? The wild horses all tamed? What will happen when the secret corners of the forest are heavy with the scent of many men and the view of ripe hills are blotted with talking wires? Where will the thicket be? GONE! Where will the eagle be? GONE! Where will the buffalo be? GONE! And what is to say of the swift pony and then the hunt? The end of living and the beginning of survival. - Chief Seattle (1854)

Tribe: Suquamish and Duwamish Tribe Homeland: Washington

83 Buffalo Chips

Buffalo Chips

84 The White Mans Victory

The White Mans Victory

Winchester Rifle

Colt Revolver

With these weapons, Indians and buffalo were easily killed.

85 Senator Henry Dawes

Senator Henry Dawes

Dawes Importance: He is responsible for the creation and passage of the General Allotment Act of 1887, which is also known as the Dawes Severalty Act, or the even shorter name the Dawes Act.

State: Massachusetts Time in Office: 1875-1893

Facts about the Dawes Act: Put into affect 1887 Amended (changed) 1891 and 1906 Ended 1934

86 The Dawes Act (1887) The Americanization of the Indians

The Dawes Act (1887) The Americanization of the Indians

The Law In Theory 1. All Indian tribes are abolished. 2. Established Indian Reservations - each male head of an Indian family could claim 160 acres of reservation land as a farm. 3. Indians would be taught farming techniques. 4. Cooperating Indians could become American citizens.

87 The Dawes Act (1887) The death of the Indians

The Dawes Act (1887) The death of the Indians

The Law in Practice Indians were never given farm equipment or training. Much of reservation land was bought by land speculators. Reservation Conditions: disease, malnutrition, & poor sanitation. School Teachers taught Indians that there way of life was full of Idleness, Superstition and Barbarism.

Nothing was done to improve the Indians situation until the Indian New Deal (1934) during the Great Depression.

88 Why was the Dawes Act a failure

Why was the Dawes Act a failure

Corruption (the misuse of money) within the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) hurt the success of the Dawes Act because it was not properly funded by Washington D.C. Native Americans were never taught proper farming techniques. Reservation land was dry and arid, making it difficult to successfully farm.

89 An Americanized Indian

An Americanized Indian

90 Carlisle Indian School

Carlisle Indian School

Where: Carlisle, Pennsylvania

91 Carlisle Indian School Band

Carlisle Indian School Band

92 American Indian Movement

American Indian Movement

AIM

1968 Present

Slogan: Remember Wounded Knee

93 AIM Flag

AIM Flag

94 AIM Conflicts

AIM Conflicts

1970 Seized the Mayflower II ship on Thanksgiving Day which was the 350th anniversary of the Pilgrims' landing at Plymouth Rock. 1970 Seized abandoned property at the Naval Air Station near Minneapolis, Minnesota. 1971 Took over the Winter Dam in Lac Courte Oreilles, Wisconsin. 1971 Took over Mount Rushmore. 1972 Trail of Broken Treaties which was a cross-country protest by American Indian and First Nations organizations intended to bring attention to American Indian issues such as treaty rights, living standards, and inadequate housing.

95 AIM Conflicts

AIM Conflicts

These events were part of the Civil Rights Movement.

1972 Took over the Bureau of Idian Affairs Headquarters in Washington D.C. as part of the Trail of Broken Treaties. 24 people were arrested during this conflict. 1973 Took over the Custer County Courthouse in Montana. 1973 Took over the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota which is the reservation where the Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890 took place. A stand-off between AIM members and the FBI lasted for 71 days. 2 FBI agents and 1 Native American died as a result of the shootout during this conflict.

96 Native American Occupation of Alcatraz

Native American Occupation of Alcatraz

1969 - 1971

Where: San Francisco Bay What: Abandoned U.S. prison Existence: Abandoned 1964

97 A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
98 Black Hills

Black Hills

Where: South Dakota

Unclaimed Sioux Money For Land = $600,000,000

Because this land is sacred to the Sioux Indians, they refused to sell this land to the American government. The U.S. government has tried to negotiate the sale of this land with the Sioux numerous times, but the Sioux refused to give up their rights to their sacred homeland. However, this land was taken with military force by the U.S. government and mined for gold in violation of the Treaty of Ft. Laramie (1868) which ended Red Clouds War. To this day the Sioux still claim the rights to this land and refuse to accept any money for it.

99 Genocide

Genocide

?

The systematic destruction of a specific group or race.

100 Making a Comparison

Making a Comparison

The Holocaust Jewish Concentration Camps The German Aryan Race Genocide and Pogroms of Jews Gassing and Burning of Jews Using Jews to police themselves in the Jewish ghettos

101 Making a Comparison

Making a Comparison

Indian Reservations Americanized Indians Massacre of Indians Mass Hangings of Indians Having Indians police themselves on the reservations Using Indians to catch Indians

102 The End

The End

A True American Tragedy The Indian Extermination
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