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A View from NATO HQ Guy B. Roberts Deputy Assistant Secretary General
A View from NATO HQ Guy B. Roberts Deputy Assistant Secretary General
Overview
Overview
Principles of NATO Strategy
Principles of NATO Strategy
Nuclear Elements of NATO Strategy (1)
Nuclear Elements of NATO Strategy (1)
Nuclear Elements of NATO Strategy (2)
Nuclear Elements of NATO Strategy (2)
Nuclear Arms Control
Nuclear Arms Control
NATO and the NPT
NATO and the NPT
U.S. Nuclear Policy
U.S. Nuclear Policy
French and U.K. Policies
French and U.K. Policies
Participation after Enlargement
Participation after Enlargement
Implications for Strategy
Implications for Strategy
Summary
Summary
A View from NATO HQ Guy B. Roberts Deputy Assistant Secretary General
A View from NATO HQ Guy B. Roberts Deputy Assistant Secretary General
Discussion/Questions
Discussion/Questions

Презентация: «A View from NATO HQ Guy B. Roberts Deputy Assistant Secretary General for WMD Policy International Staff, NATO HQ April 2006». Автор: Minerva User. Файл: «A View from NATO HQ Guy B. Roberts Deputy Assistant Secretary General for WMD Policy International Staff, NATO HQ April 2006.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 2148 КБ.

A View from NATO HQ Guy B. Roberts Deputy Assistant Secretary General for WMD Policy International Staff, NATO HQ April 2006

содержание презентации «A View from NATO HQ Guy B. Roberts Deputy Assistant Secretary General for WMD Policy International Staff, NATO HQ April 2006.ppt»
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1 A View from NATO HQ Guy B. Roberts Deputy Assistant Secretary General

A View from NATO HQ Guy B. Roberts Deputy Assistant Secretary General

for WMD Policy International Staff, NATO HQ April 2006

NATO’s Nuclear Policy

2 Overview

Overview

- Alliance Strategy -- Nuclear Elements - Nuclear Arms Control - U.S. Nuclear Policy Changes -- Impact - Nuclear Planning Group -- Direction - High Level Group -- Policy development - NATO - Russia - NPG Staff Group -- Management - Public Information

3 Principles of NATO Strategy

Principles of NATO Strategy

- Common commitment, mutual co-operation, indivisibility of security and indispensable transatlantic link - Strategy of war prevention - Alliance - no country’s adversary - Political will and military means for deterrence and defence - Significant role for arms control, disarmament and non proliferation - Fundamentally political purpose of the Allies’ nuclear forces: Preserve peace and prevent coercion and any kind of war

4 Nuclear Elements of NATO Strategy (1)

Nuclear Elements of NATO Strategy (1)

Key elements: - NATO’s conventional forces alone cannot credibly deter - Maintain - for the foreseeable future - mix of nuclear and conventional forces, at minimum sufficient level - NW ensure uncertainty in mind of any aggressor - They deter the use of NBC weapons - NW make unique contribution in rendering the risks of aggression incalculable and unacceptable - NW remain essential to preserve peace

5 Nuclear Elements of NATO Strategy (2)

Nuclear Elements of NATO Strategy (2)

Key elements: - Widespread participation by European Allies - Nuclear forces based in Europe - Strategic and sub-strategic nuclear forces (SSNF) • Sub-strategic: DCA and Sub-Strategic Trident - Maintain transatlantic link - Political control under all circumstances - No operational plans in peacetime (SSNF) • Adaptive nuclear planning - Circumstances for contemplation of nuclear use: “extremely remote”

6 Nuclear Arms Control

Nuclear Arms Control

“The Alliance’s policy of support for arms control, disarmament, and non-proliferation will continue to play a major role in the achievement of the Alliance’s security objectives.” Strategic Concept, Para 40

7 NATO and the NPT

NATO and the NPT

NPT Article VI: “Each of the Parties to the Treaty undertakes to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.” Alliance Strategic Concept: Alliance nuclear forces “will be maintained at the minimum level sufficient to preserve peace and stability”.

8 U.S. Nuclear Policy

U.S. Nuclear Policy

“I am committed to achieving a credible deterrent with the lowest-possible number of nuclear weapons consistent with our national security needs, including our obligations to our allies.”

President George W. Bush National Defense University May 2001

9 French and U.K. Policies

French and U.K. Policies

France (Chirac speech, Jan 06) “… nuclear deterrence remains the fundamental guarantee of our security.” “… leaders of States who would ... consider using … weapons of mass destruction, must understand that they would lay themselves open to a firm and adapted response on our part.” U.K. (Sec State Hoon to Parliament, Mar 02) States of concern with WMD “can be absolutely confident that in the right conditions we would be willing to use our nuclear weapons”

10 Participation after Enlargement

Participation after Enlargement

Political Principles require maximum Allied participation in nuclear employment options Models for Allies’ participation: Not obstructing preparations / planning Actively advocating planning / operations Providing permission for basing, overflight, logistic support or mission planning Active participation in operations

11 Implications for Strategy

Implications for Strategy

Role for NWs against WMD threats NW role against terrorism Relationship between deterrence and MD Development of Russia relationship Impact of enlargement

12 Summary

Summary

NWs continue to play essential deterrent role in NATO’s security Risks and threats are changing Improving relationship with Russia Policies and plans must be adapted to new realities

13 A View from NATO HQ Guy B. Roberts Deputy Assistant Secretary General
14 Discussion/Questions

Discussion/Questions

- Alliance Strategy -- Nuclear Elements - Nuclear Arms Control - U.S. Nuclear Policy Changes -- Impact - Nuclear Planning Group -- Direction - High Level Group -- Policy development - NATO - Russia - NPG Staff Group -- Management - Public Information

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