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ART between the Wars
ART between the Wars
Guernica, Picasso
Guernica, Picasso
Dadaism
Dadaism
Dadaism
Dadaism
Dadaism
Dadaism
Dadaism
Dadaism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Ernsts Eye of Silence (1943-44)
Ernsts Eye of Silence (1943-44)
Surrealism
Surrealism
Magrittes False Mirror (1926)
Magrittes False Mirror (1926)
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Miros Carnival of the Harlequin (1925)
Miros Carnival of the Harlequin (1925)
Exercises
Exercises

: ART between the Wars. : Joel Hollander. : ART between the Wars.ppt. zip-: 1415 .

ART between the Wars

ART between the Wars.ppt
1 ART between the Wars

ART between the Wars

Dadaism & Surrealism

2 Guernica, Picasso

Guernica, Picasso

3 Dadaism

Dadaism

Dadaism (c. 1915-25) term: Dada suggests a regression to early childhood French --> a childs wooden [hobby]horse first syllables spoken by children learning to talk context: aftermath of World War I challenges established values (moral & aesthetic) iconoclastic attitude toward tradition credo: Everything the artist spits is art

4 Dadaism

Dadaism

Dadaism (cont.) aesthetic: a kind of anti-art exalts commonplace objects by taking them out of their usual context incorporates effects of randomness & chance playful & experimental doodling automatic writing techniques/materials: historically unacceptable

5 Dadaism

Dadaism

Marcel Duchamp Fountain (1917) medium: Ready-Made mass-produced object taken out of context deprived of original function displayed as an aesthetically significant structure a.k.a. --> found object

6 Dadaism

Dadaism

Duchamp (cont.) L.H.O.O.Q. medium: assisted ready-made technique: retouched poster of Mona Lisa adds moustache & goatee pun: LHOOQ mildly obscene (French) --> Shes got a hot ass

7 Surrealism

Surrealism

Surrealism (c. 1925-45) definition: 1924 Surrealism rests in the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of association neglected heretofore; in the omnipotence of the dream definition: Bretons Second Manifesto of Surrealism (1930) a certain state of mind from which life and death, the real and the imaginary, past and future, the communicable and the incommunicable, height and depth, are no longer perceived as contradictory

8 Surrealism

Surrealism

context: political Andr? Bretons lecture (June 1934) anti-Fascist (re: Hitler & Mussolini) role of fascism to re-establish for the time being the tottering supremacy of finance-capital anti-bourgeois & critical of capitalist society hypocrisy & cynicism have now lost all sense of proportion & are becoming more outrageous aim: to detach the intellectual creator from illusions with which bourgeois society has sought to surround him

9 Surrealism

Surrealism

process: automatism definition: Breton intended to express, verbally, in writing, or by other means, the real process of thought absence of all control exercised by the reason outside all aesthetic or moral preoccupations a monologue poured out as rapidly as possible, over which the subject's critical faculty has no control distinguished by high degree of immediate absurdity

10 Surrealism

Surrealism

context: Freudian psychology (c. 1895) preoccupied w/ Freuds methods of investigation Freuds concept of the unconscious: repository for traumatic repressed memories; source of anxiety-provoking drives socially or ethically unacceptable to the individual manifested in dreams relation to painting: sublimation energy invested in sexual impulses shifts to pursuit of socially valuable achievements

11 Ernsts Eye of Silence (1943-44)

Ernsts Eye of Silence (1943-44)

12 Surrealism

Surrealism

Rene Magritte (1898-1967) nationality: Belgian training: academic (Brussels Academy) style: illusionistic; deliberate literalism subjects: revelation of the psyche surprising alterations of ordinary situations method: disjunction between context, size, or juxtaposition of objects

13 Magrittes False Mirror (1926)

Magrittes False Mirror (1926)

14 Surrealism

Surrealism

Magritte (cont.) Time Transfixed (c. 1940) aim: to discredit ordinary reality means: absurdity of scene --> scale of objects symbols: explicitly male & female composition: dynamic color: limited range light/shadow: naturalistic brushwork: controlled reinforces banality

15 Surrealism

Surrealism

Dal? (1904-89) training: Academy of Fine Arts (Madrid) mastered academic techniques expelled for indiscipline in 1923 style: illusionistic method: paranoic-critical to (simultaneously with automatism and other passive states) systematize confusion and thus to help to discredit completely the world of reality.

16 Surrealism

Surrealism

Dal? (cont.) The Persistence of Memory (1931) subject: landscape (Bay of Rosas) wordplay: montrer --> to show --> montre (watch) langue --> tongue --> langueur (languid) theme: Oedipal desires distorted fetal image of artist himself ants --> expression of anxieties

17 Surrealism

Surrealism

Dal? (cont.) Premonition of Civil War (1936) political sympathies: fascination for Hitler relations w/ Surrealists strained c. 1934 break came when Dali supported Spanish dictator, Franco, in 1939

18 Surrealism

Surrealism

Mir? (1893-1983) Painting (1933) aim: unconscious mind technique: automatism freely drawing series of lines w/out considering what they might be or become consciously reworked forms: abstract; weightless spatial order: flattened landscape

19 Miros Carnival of the Harlequin (1925)

Miros Carnival of the Harlequin (1925)

20 Exercises

Exercises

ART between the Wars
http://900igr.net/prezentacija/anglijskij-jazyk/art-between-the-wars-222422.html
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