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Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Dimitri Martin: Glass House Rule
Dimitri Martin: Glass House Rule
Complexity: Have things changed
Complexity: Have things changed
Complexity
Complexity
Understanding Asperger Syndrome Research  Yale
Understanding Asperger Syndrome Research Yale
Understanding Asperger - Research
Understanding Asperger - Research
Aspergers  Seeking guidance from someone who probably knows what to
Aspergers Seeking guidance from someone who probably knows what to
Fat lady in the grocery store
Fat lady in the grocery store
The Truth
The Truth
People expect cognition and social functioning to be equally
People expect cognition and social functioning to be equally
Progression of Etiological Theories
Progression of Etiological Theories
BRAIN RESEARCH
BRAIN RESEARCH
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Purkinje Neurons
Purkinje Neurons
Limbic System
Limbic System
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Amygdala-Brains Fear Center
Amygdala-Brains Fear Center
Amygdala, Cont
Amygdala, Cont
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Cerebrum (Cerebral Cortex)
Cerebrum (Cerebral Cortex)
Corpus Collosum
Corpus Collosum
Neurons
Neurons
Yawning Study
Yawning Study
Cognitive Differences
Cognitive Differences
RED BLUE BLACK YELLOW PINK GREEN WHITE RED PURPLE ORANGE BLUE BROWN
RED BLUE BLACK YELLOW PINK GREEN WHITE RED PURPLE ORANGE BLUE BROWN
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
Attention
Attention
Executive Functioning Research confirms that some children, but
Executive Functioning Research confirms that some children, but
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Things to think about
Things to think about
O T T F F S S
O T T F F S S
Look Me in the Eye Clip (CD 6  09)
Look Me in the Eye Clip (CD 6 09)
Cognitive Inflexibility
Cognitive Inflexibility
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Create rigid rule structures to make order in ambiguity
Create rigid rule structures to make order in ambiguity
How do you navigate cultural expectations
How do you navigate cultural expectations
Cognitive Strengths
Cognitive Strengths
Learning Characteristics of ASD
Learning Characteristics of ASD
Learning Characteristics of ASD
Learning Characteristics of ASD
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Numbers This American Life
Numbers This American Life
My Response
My Response
Theory of Mind
Theory of Mind
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Developmental Trajectories
Developmental Trajectories
Theory of Mind: Perspective Taking and Reciprocity
Theory of Mind: Perspective Taking and Reciprocity
Maturation
Maturation
Travis and Lying
Travis and Lying
Background Information
Background Information
Traviss Explanation
Traviss Explanation
Traviss Take on Things
Traviss Take on Things
Time for a Change
Time for a Change
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
Maturation
Maturation
Typical children, especially after the age of five years, are
Typical children, especially after the age of five years, are
It is as though their mind prioritizes social cues above other
It is as though their mind prioritizes social cues above other
This ability dominates the perception of typical people to such a
This ability dominates the perception of typical people to such a
Applying Human Emotions to Inanimate Objects  American Express
Applying Human Emotions to Inanimate Objects American Express
Calvin and Hobbs
Calvin and Hobbs
Social Attribution Task
Social Attribution Task
S.A.T. Study  Aspergers
S.A.T. Study Aspergers
Attribution Theory
Attribution Theory
Attribution
Attribution
Attribution Theory
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error (It IS human nature
Fundamental Attribution Error (It IS human nature
An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred
An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred
?
?
What do you attribute her behavior to
What do you attribute her behavior to
Attribution
Attribution
Susan Boyle
Susan Boyle
What made you change what you attribute her behavior to
What made you change what you attribute her behavior to
Susan Boyle: Behavior Didnt Change
Susan Boyle: Behavior Didnt Change
Doesnt Change Issues
Doesnt Change Issues
Students with Aspergers Have Strengths and Talents
Students with Aspergers Have Strengths and Talents
My Response
My Response
Michigan Definition to Determine Eligibility for ASD
Michigan Definition to Determine Eligibility for ASD
What Do You Attribute the Students Focus and/or Intensity of Interest
What Do You Attribute the Students Focus and/or Intensity of Interest
Fundamental Attribution Error Collin - Outcomes
Fundamental Attribution Error Collin - Outcomes
Fundamental Attribution Error Collin - Outcomes
Fundamental Attribution Error Collin - Outcomes
An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred
An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred
Intense Interests  Struggling with Life
Intense Interests Struggling with Life
Focus and/or Intensity of Interest Area
Focus and/or Intensity of Interest Area
?
?
Qualitative Impairments in Reciprocal Social Interactions: 2 of 4
Qualitative Impairments in Reciprocal Social Interactions: 2 of 4
What Do You Attribute the Students Communication Issues To
What Do You Attribute the Students Communication Issues To
Fundamental Attribution Error Jarod - Outcomes
Fundamental Attribution Error Jarod - Outcomes
Fundamental Attribution Error Jarod - Outcomes
Fundamental Attribution Error Jarod - Outcomes
An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred
An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred
Look Me in the Eye - Communication
Look Me in the Eye - Communication
Pragmatic Language (Social Communication)
Pragmatic Language (Social Communication)
Attribution Error of Communication Mozart and the Whale  Breaking
Attribution Error of Communication Mozart and the Whale Breaking
Ordering/ReOrdering Secretaries Name
Ordering/ReOrdering Secretaries Name
?
?
Michigan Definition to Determine Eligibility for ASD
Michigan Definition to Determine Eligibility for ASD
What Do You Attribute the Students Social Skill Differences To
What Do You Attribute the Students Social Skill Differences To
Fundamental Attribution Error Jacob - Outcomes
Fundamental Attribution Error Jacob - Outcomes
Fundamental Attribution Error Jacob - Outcomes
Fundamental Attribution Error Jacob - Outcomes
An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred
An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred
Look Me in the Eye: Social Reciprocity
Look Me in the Eye: Social Reciprocity
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Problems with Reciprocity (ToM)
Problems with Reciprocity (ToM)
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Attribution Error of Social Reciprocity Mozart and the Whale -
Attribution Error of Social Reciprocity Mozart and the Whale -
Reciprocity
Reciprocity
At their core, they want to fit in and have friends
At their core, they want to fit in and have friends
Big Bang Theory - Friendship
Big Bang Theory - Friendship
Continuous Failure in
Continuous Failure in
Struggling with Life  Birthday Party
Struggling with Life Birthday Party
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism
Maturation
Maturation
Struggling with Life  Giving Up
Struggling with Life Giving Up
?
?
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
Big Ideas
Big Ideas
Thanks For Your Time
Thanks For Your Time

: Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule. : zieglmau. : Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule.ppt. zip-: 5134 .

Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule

Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule.ppt
1 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule

Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule

2 Dimitri Martin: Glass House Rule

Dimitri Martin: Glass House Rule

Video clip

3 Complexity: Have things changed

Complexity: Have things changed

Are students really more challenging or are there other explanations? 1) High rates of symptom similarity between Aspergers and EI (inattention, obsessive-compulsive behaviors, anxiety, impulsivity). 2) Students with EI are being labeled ASD because of better services, less stigma, problematic evaluation methods, overly broad ASD criteria, etc. 3) Students with AS were mislabeled in the past as EI, but are now properly labeled ASD (hence "EI" type behaviors may be characteristic of both populations) 4) Similar etiology and risk factors for ASD and EI (genetic risks, pregnancy/ birth complications, prenatal exposure) 5) More students are being served in general education settings

4 Complexity

Complexity

Perhaps student profiles and behaviors are becoming more complex The Real Question What is your professional and ethical responsibility?

5 Understanding Asperger Syndrome Research  Yale

Understanding Asperger Syndrome Research Yale

Video clip

6 Understanding Asperger - Research

Understanding Asperger - Research

Break in the brain Cannot figure it out Cognitive ability does not = social skill development Not holding back on social skills

Activity: Conversation without looking at the persons eyes

7 Aspergers  Seeking guidance from someone who probably knows what to

Aspergers Seeking guidance from someone who probably knows what to

do is usually not a first or even a second thought. The student with Aspergers might be sitting next to someone who could obviously help but appears blinkered and determined to solve the problem by himself. Atwood, 2007

8 Fat lady in the grocery store

Fat lady in the grocery store

Student with Aspergers remarks in his usual tone of voice and volume, That lady is fat and needs to go on a diet The childs opinion is that she should be grateful for the observation and advice, the likelihood that his mother will be embarrassed or the woman would be offended at such a rude comment is not part of the thinking process. Atwood, 2007

9 The Truth

The Truth

Video clip

10 People expect cognition and social functioning to be equally

People expect cognition and social functioning to be equally

developed. When kids with Aspergers Syndrome experience difficulty they [public] wrongly assume it is deliberate misconduct. (A. Klin and F. Volkmar, 1997)

11 Progression of Etiological Theories

Progression of Etiological Theories

Cerebrum

Limbic System

Corpus Collosum

Amygdala

Cerebellum

BRAIN research . . . Looking at brain differences

12 BRAIN RESEARCH

BRAIN RESEARCH

. . Looking at brain differences

Cerebellum Limbic System Amygdala Cerebrum Corpus Collosum Hippocampus Basal Ganglia Brain Stem

13 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
14 Purkinje Neurons

Purkinje Neurons

15 Limbic System

Limbic System

16 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
17 Amygdala-Brains Fear Center

Amygdala-Brains Fear Center

November 22, 2006: Study (Davidson, Univ. of Wisconsin) confirms reduced size of amygdala in most socially withdrawn individuals with ASD. Starts hyperactive and enlarged Shrinks over time (toxic adaptation) which correlates with length of eye contact and general fear of, withdrawal from, people.

18 Amygdala, Cont

Amygdala, Cont

Small amygdala: significantly slower in identification of happy, angry, sad facial expressions. Spent least amount of time looking at eyes relative to other facial regions. Smallest amygdala: 40% longer to recognize emotional expressions. Largest amygdala: looked at eyes 4 times longer than smaller amydgalae.

19 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
20 Cerebrum (Cerebral Cortex)

Cerebrum (Cerebral Cortex)

21 Corpus Collosum

Corpus Collosum

22 Neurons

Neurons

Mirror Neurons: A study by UCLA neuroscientists (Dapretto et al) featuring functional MRI suggests that mirror neurons help people understand the intentions of others a key component to social interaction. Faulty? Not cued into them? Cell-Adhesion Molecules: Help brain cells connect (Hakonarson, 2009, Center for Applied Genomics at Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia)

23 Yawning Study

Yawning Study

Current results suggest that contagious yawning is impaired in ASD, which may relate to their impairment in empathy. It supports the claim that contagious yawning is based on the capacity for empathy.

Senju, et al, 2007

24 Cognitive Differences

Cognitive Differences

Cognitive development typically ranges from average to very superior IQ. Difficulties may include: Difficulty shifting attention Difficulty processing two cognitive tasks simultaneously Generalizing information Retrieving information on demand Developing problem-specific solutions Difficulty with sense of time

25 RED BLUE BLACK YELLOW PINK GREEN WHITE RED PURPLE ORANGE BLUE BROWN

RED BLUE BLACK YELLOW PINK GREEN WHITE RED PURPLE ORANGE BLUE BROWN

GRAY PINK GREEN BLUE BLACK YELLOW RED

26 J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

27 J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

28 Attention

Attention

Studies have suggested at least 75% of children with Aspergers also have a profile indicative of ADHD. Difficulty with four aspects of attention: Ability to sustain attention Attention to relevant information Shifting attention Storing/encoding information (episodic vs. semantic memory)

Attwood, 2007

29 Executive Functioning Research confirms that some children, but

Executive Functioning Research confirms that some children, but

especially adolescents and adults with AS, have impaired executive functioning.

Elementary: Difficulty with: Inhibition (age 8) working memory using new strategies

Middle School and older: Additional difficulties with: organization and planning self-reflection and self-monitoring (mental conversations) time management and prioritizing understanding abstract concepts weak central coherence

Attwood, 2007

30 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
31 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
32 Things to think about

Things to think about

One guy vs. thousands/billions Neurons Inefficient, slow retrieval Misfilings Shredder Cant forget any information Cant differentiate between important & non-important information Microphone Isnt used much (visual stronger than auditory) Uses the big computer screen Memory storageno sound Power Cords Brain Bacteria Interferes with storage of information Different Levels of Storage Daydreaming (processing?)

33 O T T F F S S

O T T F F S S

Activity: Executive Functioning

34 Look Me in the Eye Clip (CD 6  09)

Look Me in the Eye Clip (CD 6 09)

Planning for human contact Self-reflection Self-monitoring Understanding abstract concepts Woof

Because of the executive functioning differences, social interaction becomes a cognitive task

35 Cognitive Inflexibility

Cognitive Inflexibility

Difficulty with change Insistence on sameness Rule-governed Routines/rituals Concrete thinking Difficulty letting go of thought and ideas Over-focus on details (weak central coherence)

36 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
37 Create rigid rule structures to make order in ambiguity

Create rigid rule structures to make order in ambiguity

Playing with toys for young children and the child molester NO LEFT TURNS! Men go to bars and women are maids Jocks, People that dont make good decisions and friends Pass four red cars and its a good day Blue gel pen = good assignment Grocery Store Scenario Exchanging Christmas presents

38 How do you navigate cultural expectations

How do you navigate cultural expectations

Taarof (Iranian Politeness) How would you handle the picture problem? What about the ice issue? Would you know what to do?

39 Cognitive Strengths

Cognitive Strengths

Processing whole chunks of information quickly Good rote memory Good long-term memory Process visual information meaningfully Understand and use context-free information and rules

40 Learning Characteristics of ASD

Learning Characteristics of ASD

Uneven skill development Tends to resist change in learning environment Difficulty generalizing skills/information Difficulty with abstract concepts Relies on cues and learned routines May tend to function more reliably with consistency and structure within activities and environments

41 Learning Characteristics of ASD

Learning Characteristics of ASD

Organizational issues Focus on unimportant information Difficulties processing multiple sensory input under certain conditions Difficulty seeing the big picture Over-selectivity Good long-term and rote memory Prefers sequences and routines May demonstrate desirable persistence with a task if motivated Tendency toward literalness difficulty with multiple meaning word

42 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
43 Numbers This American Life

Numbers This American Life

Meet JerryAdult with Aspergers

44 My Response

My Response

The most powerful idea that strikes me after hearing this clip is

3 things that I will accept in students with Aspergers and no longer try to change

45 Theory of Mind

Theory of Mind

(ToM) means the ability to recognize and understand thoughts, beliefs, desires and intentions of other people in order to make sense of their behaviour and predict what they are going to do. (Atwood, The Complete Guide to Aspergers Syndrome, 2007)

46 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
47 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
48 Developmental Trajectories

Developmental Trajectories

Experts on people

Normal

birth

ASD

Experts on things

49 Theory of Mind: Perspective Taking and Reciprocity

Theory of Mind: Perspective Taking and Reciprocity

Mind reading ability is located in the orbito-frontal cortex-superior temportal sulcus-amygdala area of the brain. Winning/losing concept difficult Difficult to engage in manipulation Difficult to engage in lying

50 Maturation

Maturation

The ability to understand the value of deception and recognize when it might be expected occurs later in the development of the student with Aspergers, sometimes as late as early teens. This can cause confusion to parents and teachers, as the previously honest, (perhaps to a fault) child recognizes that one can deceive people and avoid anticipated consequences. However the type of deception can be immature and the deceit easily identified by an adult. Atwood, 2007

51 Travis and Lying

Travis and Lying

Travis is 18 Years Old Drives and attends a typical high school Driving to school his check engine light came on Communicated in the best way he knew how Did not get any response Got a responseIs this Lying

52 Background Information

Background Information

Staff explainedthey could not believe what Travis said anymoreHe was constantly lying. Used white boardinvited Travis into the meeting Put the word liar on the white board Travis said Everyone thinks I am a Liar What was discovered by the facilitator and staff?

53 Traviss Explanation

Traviss Explanation

54 Traviss Take on Things

Traviss Take on Things

Telling the truth is not good enough for the people Translation I need help and the staff does not help me The wrecker is better because my car blew up Translation Ms. Black responded to the wrecker is coming because my car blew up but did not respond to my check engine light coming on

55 Time for a Change

Time for a Change

Most people with ASD will not wait until (the typical population - staff) perceives or does not perceive the situation as important as they do Most people with ASD are perceiving the problem right in front of them(right or wrong) a catastrophe Adults around students with ASD are saying words like relaxnot a big deal well get to that later That does not work for this population. Students with ASD Want to - Solve the Problem

56 J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

57 J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

58 Maturation

Maturation

Lying and Asperger Syndrome Due to the impaired or delayed ToM abilities, the person with Aspergers may not realize that the other person is likely to be more offended by the lie than by any apparent misdemeanor He may consider that a lie can be a way of avoiding consequences or a quick solution to a social problem Maintaining self esteem should he have an arrogant self image whereby the making of mistakes is unthinkable. Atwood, 2007

59 Typical children, especially after the age of five years, are

Typical children, especially after the age of five years, are

remarkably astute at perceiving and understanding social cues that indicate thoughts and feelings. (Michelle Garcia, 11-08)

Parents nor educators teach these skills Parent and educators only notice when these skills are not present The lack of these skills makes students and adults uncomfortable Zero productive social skills curriculum developed

60 It is as though their mind prioritizes social cues above other

It is as though their mind prioritizes social cues above other

information in their environment and they have a mental theory as to what the social cues mean and how to respond. (Michelle Garcia, 11-08)

Minds of typically developing students work differently Lack of the prioritization of social skills Lack of a mental theory Eric example Resulting response? How does this manifest in a student you know?

61 This ability dominates the perception of typical people to such a

This ability dominates the perception of typical people to such a

degree that we become anthropomorphic and project human social behaviour on animals and even objects. (Michelle Garcia, 11-08)

Anthropomorphic - Attribution of human motivation, characteristics, or behavior to inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena. Factual or predictable information dominates the Aspergers Population

62 Applying Human Emotions to Inanimate Objects  American Express

Applying Human Emotions to Inanimate Objects American Express

Video clip

63 Calvin and Hobbs

Calvin and Hobbs

64 Social Attribution Task

Social Attribution Task

65 S.A.T. Study  Aspergers

S.A.T. Study Aspergers

Significant differences Typical Chasing, entrapping, and playing Frightened, elated or frustrated Aspergers: Different terms to explain movement of shapes Bouncing or oscillating vs. bravery or elation Narratives shorter with less elaborate plots Fewer, more simplistic personality attributions Focus on physical aspects of objects

66 Attribution Theory

Attribution Theory

Every day we must guess how people will act, often from small shreds of evidence. We do this through a form of social cognition called attribution. As we observe others, we make inferences about them. We attribute peoples behavior to various causes. Whether we are right or wrong about the causes of their behavior, our conclusions affect how WE act.

67 Attribution

Attribution

In 2005, in the aftermath of hurricane Katrina, many celebrities went to New Orleans to help hurricane victims. As you watched these events, did you: Attribute the celebrities actions to selfless concern for the suffering in New Orleans? OR Were the celebrities motivated by a selfish desire to hog the limelight?

68 Attribution Theory

Attribution Theory

Two people enter a restaurant and order different meals. Nell tastes her food, then salts it. Bert salts his food before he tastes it. How would you explain their behavior? Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior: Twelfth Edition, 2010 Cengage Learning, Inc.

69 Fundamental Attribution Error (It IS human nature

Fundamental Attribution Error (It IS human nature

Attribution Theory Erroneous cognitive tendency Over-value dispositional-based explanation for behaviors of others Under-value potentiality of situational explanations for behavioral motives of others

We predominantly presume that the actions of others are indicative of the "kind" of person they are, rather than the kind of situations that compel their behavior.

70 An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred

An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred

More generally, "attribution is a process that begins with social perception, progresses through a causal judgment and social inference, and ends with behavioral consequences." (Crittenden 1983)

71 ?

?

?

Path A

Path B

Professional Responsibility

72 What do you attribute her behavior to

What do you attribute her behavior to

Video clip

73 Attribution

Attribution

Going to have prejudices/attribution errors Lack of social skills negates any viable opportunities Oddity about social characteristics Physical appearance Perceived cognitive ability Are we going to be embarrassed? Is she going to embarrass herself? Make people uncomfortable

74 Susan Boyle

Susan Boyle

Video clip

75 What made you change what you attribute her behavior to

What made you change what you attribute her behavior to

She Started Singing Strengths Outweighed Public Perception

76 Susan Boyle: Behavior Didnt Change

Susan Boyle: Behavior Didnt Change

Walks off stage without results Doesnt understand she won by reactions Wake up call Shut down the cynicism in the audience We are going to make attributions and attribution errors

77 Doesnt Change Issues

Doesnt Change Issues

Required Hospitalization Continued Difficulty with Social Situations Support Person Britains Got Talent Greater Societal Understanding Because of Talent

What would have happened to her without discovery of her talent?

Continued sneers and judgment of her lack of social understanding

78 Students with Aspergers Have Strengths and Talents

Students with Aspergers Have Strengths and Talents

How will we respond?

Will we give them a chance and overcome our own attribution errors?

Will we be judgmental and attribute their behaviors to their own control?

79 My Response

My Response

I will stop expecting the Susan Boyles of the world to prove themselves first by

Three things I will do when I am faced with my own attribution errorsthree self-checks to precorrect my own judgements

80 Michigan Definition to Determine Eligibility for ASD

Michigan Definition to Determine Eligibility for ASD

Qualitative Impairments in Reciprocal Social Interactions: 2 of 4 areas Qualitative Impairments in Communication: 1 of 4 areas Restricted, Repetitive and Stereotyped Behaviors: 1 of 4 areas

81 What Do You Attribute the Students Focus and/or Intensity of Interest

What Do You Attribute the Students Focus and/or Intensity of Interest

Area To?

Pick Student: To what to you attribute focus and/or intensity of interest area? Worksheet Collin Dinosaurs

82 Fundamental Attribution Error Collin - Outcomes

Fundamental Attribution Error Collin - Outcomes

Path A

Path B

Cut the projector screen and leaf on plant; Pulled down his pants to show peers his underwear

Likely outcomes for Collin if his behavior is attributed to Aspergers and the situational context??

Likely outcomes for Collin if my attribution is dispositional based??

83 Fundamental Attribution Error Collin - Outcomes

Fundamental Attribution Error Collin - Outcomes

Path A

Path B

Showing Dinosaur Dinosaur Scissors

Sexual Harassment Property Destruction

Cut the projector screen and leaf on plant; Pulled down his pants to show peers his underwear

84 An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred

An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred

More generally, "attribution is a process that begins with social perception, progresses through a causal judgment and social inference, and ends with behavioral consequences" (Crittenden 1983)

85 Intense Interests  Struggling with Life

Intense Interests Struggling with Life

Video clip

86 Focus and/or Intensity of Interest Area

Focus and/or Intensity of Interest Area

The special interest has several functions: a. To overcome anxiety b. To provide pleasure c. To provide relaxation d. To ensure great predictability and certainty in life e. To help understand the physical world f. To create an alternative world g. To create a sense of identity h. To occupy time, facilitate conversation and indicate intellectual ability (Atwood, 2007)

87 ?

?

?

Path A

Path B

Professional Responsibility Students Focus and/or Intensity of Interest Your Own Student

88 Qualitative Impairments in Reciprocal Social Interactions: 2 of 4

Qualitative Impairments in Reciprocal Social Interactions: 2 of 4

areas Qualitative Impairments in Communication: 1 of 4 areas Restricted, Repetitive and Stereotyped Behaviors: 1 or 4 areas

Michigan Definition to Determine Eligibility for ASD

89 What Do You Attribute the Students Communication Issues To

What Do You Attribute the Students Communication Issues To

Pick Student: To what to you attribute communication difficulties? Worksheet JarodFacial Hair

90 Fundamental Attribution Error Jarod - Outcomes

Fundamental Attribution Error Jarod - Outcomes

Path A

Path B

Told the teacher he liked her moustache

Likely outcomes for Jarod if his behavior is attributed to Aspergers and the situational context??

Likely outcomes for Jarod if my attribution is dispositional based??

91 Fundamental Attribution Error Jarod - Outcomes

Fundamental Attribution Error Jarod - Outcomes

Path A

Path B

Told the teacher he liked her moustache

Intense questioning about facial hair Question about female teachers moustache Lack of understanding

Making Fun of Teacher Disrespectful 10 Days Suspension

92 An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred

An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred

More generally, "attribution is a process that begins with social perception, progresses through a causal judgment and social inference, and ends with behavioral consequences" (Crittenden 1983, p. 426).

93 Look Me in the Eye - Communication

Look Me in the Eye - Communication

94 Pragmatic Language (Social Communication)

Pragmatic Language (Social Communication)

Pedantic, formal In this economy Calculate my percentage When in a rare conflict Difficulty with relinquishing conversational turn--prompts Limited understanding of conversational partner (interest, cues, topic appropriateness) Tone of voice (often perceived as disrespectful) Literal use of Language

95 Attribution Error of Communication Mozart and the Whale  Breaking

Attribution Error of Communication Mozart and the Whale Breaking

Records

Video clip

96 Ordering/ReOrdering Secretaries Name

Ordering/ReOrdering Secretaries Name

Baiba Bunny Bev Blanche June What is wrong with this place? Get a normal name At least they could all start with the same letter

97 ?

?

?

Path A

Path B

Professional Responsibility Students Communication Your Own Student

98 Michigan Definition to Determine Eligibility for ASD

Michigan Definition to Determine Eligibility for ASD

Qualitative Impairments in Reciprocal Social Interactions: 2 of 4 areas Qualitative Impairments in Communication: 1 of 4 areas Restricted, Repetitive and Stereotyped Behaviors: 1 or 4 areas

99 What Do You Attribute the Students Social Skill Differences To

What Do You Attribute the Students Social Skill Differences To

Pick Student: To what to you attribute focus and/or intensity of interest area? Worksheet Jacob Student attention

100 Fundamental Attribution Error Jacob - Outcomes

Fundamental Attribution Error Jacob - Outcomes

Path A

Path B

Tickled peers on the back of the neck

Likely outcomes for Jacob if his behavior is attributed to Aspergers and the situational context??

Likely outcomes for Jacob if my attribution is dispositional based??

101 Fundamental Attribution Error Jacob - Outcomes

Fundamental Attribution Error Jacob - Outcomes

Path A

Path B

Tickled peers on the back of the neck

Desperately wanted to Interact with Kids Tickle Back of Necks Trying to Fit In Incompatible Response Tried Even Harder

Targeting Students Aggressive Toward Peers Change of Classroom Feared by Others Threat of 10 Days Suspension

102 An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred

An attribution is an inference about why an event occurred

More generally, "attribution is a process that begins with social perception, progresses through a causal judgment and social inference, and ends with behavioral consequences" (Crittenden 1983, p. 426).

103 Look Me in the Eye: Social Reciprocity

Look Me in the Eye: Social Reciprocity

104 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
105 Problems with Reciprocity (ToM)

Problems with Reciprocity (ToM)

Difficulty explaining own behaviors Difficulty understanding emotions Difficulty predicting how others feel or think Problems understanding the perspectives of others Problems inferring the intentions of others Failure to understand that behavior impacts how others think and/or feel Problems with social conventions such as turn-taking, politeness, and social space

106 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
107 Attribution Error of Social Reciprocity Mozart and the Whale -

Attribution Error of Social Reciprocity Mozart and the Whale -

McDonalds

Video clip

108 Reciprocity

Reciprocity

Use of nonverbals (eye gaze, gestures, modulation of voice) Understanding emotions of self and others G Force I feel lonely when Im lonely. How can I describe it further? Getting tissues for boys Shifting back to own topic (Anyways, Guess what?)

109 At their core, they want to fit in and have friends

At their core, they want to fit in and have friends

Try to orchestrate the relationship with others Do what they want to do Others do not make sense Swearing/authority issues Vulnerable Isolating Social injustice

110 Big Bang Theory - Friendship

Big Bang Theory - Friendship

Video clip

111 Continuous Failure in

Continuous Failure in

Trying to follow the rules Trying to get others to follow the rules Trying to understand nuances Generalizing information Making friends Leads to behavior or worse

112 Struggling with Life  Birthday Party

Struggling with Life Birthday Party

Video clip

113 J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

114 J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

J.Janzen, Understanding the Nature of Autism

115 Maturation

Maturation

Lying and Asperger Syndrome Due to the impaired or delayed ToM abilities, the person with Aspergers may not realize that the other person is likely to be more offended by the lie than by any apparent misdemeanor He may consider that a lie can be a way of avoiding consequences or a quick solution to a social problem Maintaining self esteem should he have an arrogant self image whereby the making of mistakes is unthinkable. Atwood, 2007

116 Struggling with Life  Giving Up

Struggling with Life Giving Up

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117 ?

?

?

Path A

Path B

Professional Responsibility Students Social Skills Your Own Student

118 Asperger Syndrome Rethinking the Glass House Rule
119 Big Ideas

Big Ideas

Reflection

120 Thanks For Your Time

Thanks For Your Time

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