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Competent (English) Language Usage Essentials
Competent (English) Language Usage Essentials
The Language Skills
The Language Skills
Listening 45%
Listening 45%
The World is in English
The World is in English
Information Overload
Information Overload
Information Overload
Information Overload
Agree or Disagree
Agree or Disagree
Principles for Guiding Construction of Meaning
Principles for Guiding Construction of Meaning
Learning to Learn English H. Douglas Brown, Ph
Learning to Learn English H. Douglas Brown, Ph
3. Believe in yourself You have lots of strengths
3. Believe in yourself You have lots of strengths
5. Cooperate with your colleagues You are learning language in order
5. Cooperate with your colleagues You are learning language in order
7. Don’t worry if you are confused Learning English is a big task
7. Don’t worry if you are confused Learning English is a big task
9. Make your mistakes work FOR you A mistake is not always “bad”
9. Make your mistakes work FOR you A mistake is not always “bad”
The following are some of the thoughts of Pakistanis about the English
The following are some of the thoughts of Pakistanis about the English
Agree
Agree
Agree
Agree
Agree
Agree
Agree
Agree

Презентация на тему: «Competent (English) Language Usage Essentials». Автор: Dell. Файл: «Competent (English) Language Usage Essentials.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 102 КБ.

Competent (English) Language Usage Essentials

содержание презентации «Competent (English) Language Usage Essentials.ppt»
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1 Competent (English) Language Usage Essentials

Competent (English) Language Usage Essentials

Dr. C. J. Dubash Executive Vice Rector Forman Christian College Lahore

2 The Language Skills

The Language Skills

Receptive

Productive

Oral

Listening

Speaking

Written

Reading

Writing

3 Listening 45%

Listening 45%

Speaking 30%

Reading 15%

Writing 10%

4 The World is in English

The World is in English

Top 5 newspapers of the world are in English. One-third of the world’s newspapers are published in English dominant countries. 80% electrically stored information is in English. Between 80 – 85% films are in English.

5 Information Overload

Information Overload

There is an exponential growth of information and knowledge. To target 50 billion people it took: the radio 38 years the television 30 years the Internet 4 years the Ipod 3 years the Facebook 2 years The number of internet connections has gone up from one thousand in 1984 to one million in 1992 to one trillion in 2008.

6 Information Overload

Information Overload

Facebook today has over 500 billion active users. Over one billion checked messages are being generated every day. There are 31 billion searches on Google every month. 4 Hex bytes of new information will be generated this year alone. A hex byte has 18 Zeros. This is information contained in 60 Libraries of Congress. The largest library in the world with 33 million books in 745 miles of shelves. How does one absorb all this information and knowledge? Does one need to?

7 Agree or Disagree

Agree or Disagree

People learn English best when they begin at an early age. Translating and explaining in the mother tongue is the only way to effective teaching/learning of English. Language errors should be corrected at once to help learners learn English.

8 Principles for Guiding Construction of Meaning

Principles for Guiding Construction of Meaning

Reading, writing, speaking, listening and thinking develop simultaneously as learners grow into literacy. Individuals learn to read and write by reading, writing and responding to their reading. Prior knowledge and background are major elements in one’s ability to construct meaning. Comprehension is the process of constructing meaning by relating ideas from text to one’s prior knowledge and background.

9 Learning to Learn English H. Douglas Brown, Ph

Learning to Learn English H. Douglas Brown, Ph

D., American Language Institute, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California

1. Don’t be afraid Sometimes we are afraid to speak a foreign language because we think we are going to make terrible mistakes and people will laugh at us. Well, the best learners of foreign languages try not to be afraid. They make game of learning. They are not anxious about making mistakes. And they sometimes share their fears with friends. You can do that too, and you will then feel better about yourself. 2. Dive in! Try to speak out! Try to say things in English! The best way to learn English is to speak it yourself. Don’t worry about perfect pronunciation or grammar; other people usually will not criticize you.

10 3. Believe in yourself You have lots of strengths

3. Believe in yourself You have lots of strengths

You have already learned some English. You must believe that you can do it! Compliment your fellow learners on their efforts. Then maybe they will return the favor. 4. Develop motivation Why are you learning English? Make a list of your reasons for studying English. Those reasons can be your individual goals for this course. If you have your own reason for learning English, you will have better success.

11 5. Cooperate with your colleagues You are learning language in order

5. Cooperate with your colleagues You are learning language in order

to communicate with other people. So, practice with other people and you will be more successful. Create your own conversation group. Try out new ways to communicate in that group. And, in class, remember your colleagues are your “team” members, not your opponents. 6. Get the “big” picture! Sometimes learners look too closely at all the details of language (words, pronunciation, grammar, usage). It’s OK to pay attention to those details, but it is also important to understand general meanings (the “big” picture). Maybe you don’t know the right words or grammar, but you can say things anyway. See movies in English. Read books and magazines for pleasure.

12 7. Don’t worry if you are confused Learning English is a big task

7. Don’t worry if you are confused Learning English is a big task

Sometimes you will feel confused about all the things you have to learn in a foreign language. Try not to worry about everything all at once. Don’t try to learn all the rules right now. Ask your mentor questions about English. And try to learn a little every day. 8. Trust your “hunches” Sometimes people think they should analyze everything (grammar rules, word definitions) in their new language. The best learners do some analyzing, but they follow their best guesses, their intuitions about the new language. If they have an intuition that something sounds right, they will try it. So, the next time you feel that something is right, say it, you’ll probably be right, and, if you aren’t someone will give you some feedback.

13 9. Make your mistakes work FOR you A mistake is not always “bad”

9. Make your mistakes work FOR you A mistake is not always “bad”

We all make mistakes learning anything new. Successful learners don’t worry about mistakes, they learn from them. They take note of their errors and try to correct them the next time. Some things you can do: Make a list of your mistakes Select grammar points to watch for Tape-record yourself and listen for errors 10. Set your own goals Other people have usually so far set goals (assignments, homework, class work) for you. But you need to set your own goals, too. You can do that by doing the following: Set aside a certain number of hours a week for extra study Learn a certain number of words a day/week Read a certain number of extra pages a day/week Take charge of your own learning!

14 The following are some of the thoughts of Pakistanis about the English

The following are some of the thoughts of Pakistanis about the English

language. Tick the ones you personally agree with.

Agree

Don’t Agree

1.

English can only be learned by those who knows its grammar …. and since that is very technical the majority of the people fail to learn it.

2.

The simplest way to learn English is to read the dictionary everyday, and memorize ten words.

15 Agree

Agree

Don’t Agree

3.

It is a fact that whoever speaks English well can’t write well, and whoever writes well can’t speak well.

4.

I avoid speaking in English because if I will make mistakes, people will make fun of me.

16 Agree

Agree

Don’t Agree

5.

The best way to improve your pronunciation is to read aloud.

6.

It takes so long to translate what I want to say in my mind, that I give up.

17 Agree

Agree

Don’t Agree

7.

It is hard to find the right words to express my thoughts.

8.

You must have been to many debates and other activities to really speak with confidence.

18 Agree

Agree

Don’t Agree

9.

Someone told me to watch English movies but they spoke so fast …. I couldn't understand anything so I stopped.

10.

English is an international language and we have to learn it whether we like it or not.

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