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Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)
Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)
1. Defoes life
1. Defoes life
1. Defoes life
1. Defoes life
2. Defoes works
2. Defoes works
2. Defoes works
2. Defoes works
3. Defoes novels: structure
3. Defoes novels: structure
3. Defoes novels: structure
3. Defoes novels: structure
4. Robinson Crusoe: the middle-class hero
4. Robinson Crusoe: the middle-class hero
5. Robinson Crusoe: a spiritual autobiography
5. Robinson Crusoe: a spiritual autobiography
6. Robinson Crusoe: the island
6. Robinson Crusoe: the island
7. Robinson Crusoe: the individual and society
7. Robinson Crusoe: the individual and society
8. Robinson Crusoe: the style
8. Robinson Crusoe: the style
9. Moll Flanders
9. Moll Flanders
9. Moll Flanders
9. Moll Flanders

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Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)

Daniel Defoe (1660-1731).ppt
1 Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)

Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)

2 1. Defoes life

1. Defoes life

Born into a family of Dissenters in 1660.

Studied modern languages, economics, geography, besides the traditional subjects.

Started to write in Whig papers; his greatest achievement was The Review.

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3 1. Defoes life

1. Defoes life

Queen Anne had him arrested, tried and imprisoned.

Denied his Whig ideas and became a secret agent for the new government.

Started to write novels when was about sixty.

Died in 1731.

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Ron Embleton (1930-1988), Daniel Defoe. Private Collection.

4 2. Defoes works

2. Defoes works

Robinson Crusoe (1719) The story of a shipwreck on a desert island

Captain Singleton (1720) The voyage story of a captain who becomes a pirate

Colonel Jack (1722) The story of a pickpocket who repents

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5 2. Defoes works

2. Defoes works

Moll Flanders (1722) The adventures of a woman who becomes a thief and a prostitute to survive but finally leads a respectable life

Roxana (1724) The adventures of a high-society woman who exploits her beauty to obtain what she wants.

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6 3. Defoes novels: structure

3. Defoes novels: structure

Fictional autobiographies.

A series of episodes and adventures.

Unifying presence of a single hero.

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7 3. Defoes novels: structure

3. Defoes novels: structure

Lack of a coherent plot.

Retrospective first-person narration.

The authors point of view coincides with the main characters.

Characters presented through their actions.

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8 4. Robinson Crusoe: the middle-class hero

4. Robinson Crusoe: the middle-class hero

His isolation on the island after the shipwreck

Robinson shares restlessness with classical heroes of travel literature

An act of transgression, of disobedience

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9 5. Robinson Crusoe: a spiritual autobiography

5. Robinson Crusoe: a spiritual autobiography

Defoe explores the conflict between economic motivation and spiritual salvation

Full of religious references to God, sin, providence, salvation

The hero reads the Bible to find comfort and guidance

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10 6. Robinson Crusoe: the island

6. Robinson Crusoe: the island

The ideal place for Robinson to prove his qualities

Robinson organizes a primitive empire

Not a return to nature, but a chance to exploit and dominate nature

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11 7. Robinson Crusoe: the individual and society

7. Robinson Crusoe: the individual and society

The society Robinson creates on the island is not an alternative to

but an exaltation of 18th-century England, its ideals of mobility, material productiveness, and individualism

Though God is the prime cause of everything, the individual can shape his destiny through action

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12 8. Robinson Crusoe: the style

8. Robinson Crusoe: the style

Clear and precise details.

Description of the primary qualities of objects.

solidity, extension and number

Simple, matter-of-fact and concrete language.

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13 9. Moll Flanders

9. Moll Flanders

Set in urban society

Insights into some social problems

Moll is Crusoes female counterpart

The novel includes documents

Women were not able to support themselves legally in 18th-century society

Moll rejects emotional experience

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14 9. Moll Flanders

9. Moll Flanders

It has insights into some social problems like crime and the provisions for poor orphans.

Moll rejects emotional experience, seen as an impediment to the accumulation of capital.

The novel includes documents Molls memorandums, quoted letters, hospital bills in order to increase the illusion of verifiable fact.

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Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)
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