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Dogon classification
Dogon classification
Structure of the talk
Structure of the talk
Dogon languages: Trivia
Dogon languages: Trivia
Dogon languages: Trivia
Dogon languages: Trivia
Dogon languages: Trivia
Dogon languages: Trivia
Dogon languages: Trivia
Dogon languages: Trivia
Data
Data
Dogon Project
Dogon Project
100 Swadesh word list: cognacy rates
100 Swadesh word list: cognacy rates
Family depth: the lowest rate
Family depth: the lowest rate
Family depth: the highest rate
Family depth: the highest rate
Family Tree: Lexicostatistics
Family Tree: Lexicostatistics
Problems 1:Tiranige
Problems 1:Tiranige
Problems 2: Bigger groups
Problems 2: Bigger groups
Nominal Morphology 1: East
Nominal Morphology 1: East
Nominal Morphology 2: North-East
Nominal Morphology 2: North-East
Nominal morphology 3
Nominal morphology 3
Nominal morphology 4: North-West
Nominal morphology 4: North-West
Plural marking in Tiranige
Plural marking in Tiranige
Tiranige: What happened
Tiranige: What happened
Frozen class suffixes in WD and Tiranige
Frozen class suffixes in WD and Tiranige
Frozen class suffixes …
Frozen class suffixes …
Conclusion 1
Conclusion 1
Conclusion 2
Conclusion 2

Презентация на тему: «Dogon classification». Автор: bob. Файл: «Dogon classification.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 92 КБ.

Dogon classification

содержание презентации «Dogon classification.ppt»
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1 Dogon classification

Dogon classification

Jeffrey Heath (Univ. of Michigan), Steve Moran (Univ. of Munich), Kirill Prokhorov (Humboldt Univ. of Berlin and MAE RAS)

2 Structure of the talk

Structure of the talk

Dogon languages, basic information and data Lexicostatistical data and the resulting tentative classification Evidence from nominal morphology Revised classification and further issues

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

2

3 Dogon languages: Trivia

Dogon languages: Trivia

21 language identified

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

3

4 Dogon languages: Trivia

Dogon languages: Trivia

21 language identified (+Bangiime, isolate)

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

4

5 Dogon languages: Trivia

Dogon languages: Trivia

21 language identified (+Bangiime, isolate) Up to 1 million speakers

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

5

6 Dogon languages: Trivia

Dogon languages: Trivia

21 language identified (+Bangiime, isolate) Up to 1 million speakers Spoken in eastern Mali and (partially) northern Burkina Faso

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

6

7 Data

Data

Several grammars and dictionaries done by non-professional linguists (Leger 1971, Prost & Kervran 1986) Two published reference grammars done by professional linguists (Plungian 1995) and (Heath 2008) Dogon project materials (www.dogonlanguages.org)

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

7

8 Dogon Project

Dogon Project

Started in 2004 Supported by NSF (grant BCS-0537435) Website: www.dogonlanguages.org Data on more than 20 Dogon idioms, incl. comparative lexical spreadsheet with more than 7 thousand entries

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

8

9 100 Swadesh word list: cognacy rates

100 Swadesh word list: cognacy rates

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

9

10 Family depth: the lowest rate

Family depth: the lowest rate

Bunoge – Tomo Kan ~ 32%

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

10

11 Family depth: the highest rate

Family depth: the highest rate

Ben Tey – Nanga ~ 88%

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

11

12 Family Tree: Lexicostatistics

Family Tree: Lexicostatistics

?2

4

1

?2

3

?1

2

Calculated using Starling (starling.rinet.ru)

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

12

13 Problems 1:Tiranige

Problems 1:Tiranige

?1 Even from the lexicostatistical perspective Tiranige may equally be attributed to the Western group (Mombo, Penange, Ampari, Bunoge) Cf. Tiranige – Mombo (West) ~ 65% Tiranige – Najamba-Kindige (North-East) ~ 66% Cf. also morphological evidence below

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

13

14 Problems 2: Bigger groups

Problems 2: Bigger groups

?2 question whether the 4 branches identified form bigger groups remains problematic: - lexicostatistical data are not definitive cf. rather short period between the supposed major split and following splits into the four branches on the tree) - some morphological isoglosses go across these groupings

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

14

15 Nominal Morphology 1: East

Nominal Morphology 1: East

Eastern-type class-number system HumSg HumPl Nonh Jamsay: -n -m -? Toro Tegu: -r?u ~ -n(u) -m(u) -? Tommo so: –n? -m -? Proto-East: *-nu ‘person’ *-n-bu *-? Found in: East

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

15

16 Nominal Morphology 2: North-East

Nominal Morphology 2: North-East

Najamba-Kindige class system suffixes final-vowel animate Sg -? E animate Pl -mbo O inanimate Sg -?go/-go (O/E class) O (O/E class) -?ge/-ge (E/E class) E (E/E class) inanimate Pl -? E Other languages of North-East group have simpler systems, cognate to that of Najamba-Kindige.

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

16

17 Nominal morphology 3

Nominal morphology 3

Western-type system of plural making: Sg PL Mombo ? -?ge/-ge Penange ? -ge Ampari ? ge Bunoge ? ge Also found in Tiranige (see below)

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

17

18 Nominal morphology 4: North-West

Nominal morphology 4: North-West

AnSg AnPl Inan Nanga -? (-?) ? ? Ben Tey -m ? ? Bankan Tey -m ? ? In Nanga only ya?-? ‘woman’ (pl. ya?: ‘women’) has singular nasal suffix

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

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19 Plural marking in Tiranige

Plural marking in Tiranige

?1 Tiranige shows clear affinities with Western group (Mombo, Penange, Ampari, Bunoge) in nominal morphology (1) Plural formation: Tiranige na: ‘cow’ na: ge ‘cows’ ta?gile 'side‘ ta?gile ge ‘sides’ (2) Plural formation: Ampari (WEST) ga:wa ‘bone’ ga:wa-ge ‘bones’ na?: ‘cow’ na:-ge ‘cows’ Cf. Class system in Najamba kindige

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

19

20 Tiranige: What happened

Tiranige: What happened

Tiranige is originally North-Eastern (NED) language that borrowed nominal morphology (and some lexicon) from Western Dogon (WD) Tiranige is originally WD that borrowed lexicon from NED Tiranige is a separate branch, that is equally close to both WD and NED

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

20

21 Frozen class suffixes in WD and Tiranige

Frozen class suffixes in WD and Tiranige

‘peanut’ Najamba ?l? (PL), ?l?-?go (SG) Mombo ?l??ge Tiranige ?:l??ge NB: disharmonic combinations ?/e and ?/e in Mombo and Tiranige

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

21

22 Frozen class suffixes …

Frozen class suffixes …

‘blood’ Najamba ge?n (Pl) ge??-ge (Sg) Mombo ge:?ge Tiranige je:?ge

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

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23 Conclusion 1

Conclusion 1

4 groups can be securely identified based on lexicostatistical and morphological data East: Toro Tegu, Tomo Kan, Togo Kan, Perge, Jamsay, Donno So, Tommo So, Yorno So North-East (NED): Najamba-Kindige, Yanda, Tebul, Dogulu North-West (NWD): Ben Tey, Bankan Tey, Nanga West (WD): Mombo, Penange, Ampari, Bunoge

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

23

24 Conclusion 2

Conclusion 2

Tiranige shows some lexical grammatical proximity to both WD and NED, but none of them is decisive for defining it’s (inner) affiliation Tiranige (for now) is better considered as separate branch Common WD-NED-Tiranige features (cf. frozen class suffixes) may indicate that these languages form a bigger group within the family or an intensive mutual contact influence that these language were subject to in the past.

Niger-Congo Congress September 18-21, 2012, Paris, INALCO

24

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