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Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society
Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society
Social, Political and Economic Influences of the Late Middle Ages
Social, Political and Economic Influences of the Late Middle Ages
Crusades 1095-1291
Crusades 1095-1291
Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society
Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society
Trade
Trade
Birth of the Town (The Founding)
Birth of the Town (The Founding)
Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society
Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society
Medieval Universities
Medieval Universities
Oxford University
Oxford University
The Late Middle Ages and The Catholic Church
The Late Middle Ages and The Catholic Church
Competition to Build the Grandest Cathedral for the Glory of God
Competition to Build the Grandest Cathedral for the Glory of God
Notre Dame, Paris
Notre Dame, Paris
Theocracy of Europe
Theocracy of Europe
How the Church Saved Civilization
How the Church Saved Civilization
Art and Literature
Art and Literature
Some Ancient Symbology
Some Ancient Symbology
Feudalism: Parallel Pyramids
Feudalism: Parallel Pyramids
Social Relations A political, economic, and social system based on
Social Relations A political, economic, and social system based on
Social History
Social History
Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society
Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society
Medieval Castle
Medieval Castle
The Black Plague
The Black Plague
Preconditions for Plague
Preconditions for Plague
What was the Plague
What was the Plague
The Spread of the Plague
The Spread of the Plague
Life during the Plague
Life during the Plague
Procession of the Flagellants
Procession of the Flagellants
Impact
Impact
The Hundred Years’ War 1337-1453
The Hundred Years’ War 1337-1453
Causes of the War
Causes of the War
French Monarchy Family Tree
French Monarchy Family Tree
Progress of the War: Stage 1
Progress of the War: Stage 1
Stage 1 Continued…
Stage 1 Continued…
Stage 2- 1369-1422
Stage 2- 1369-1422
Stage 3
Stage 3
Stage 3
Stage 3
Timeline
Timeline
Impact
Impact
The Challenges to the Papacy throughout the 14th Century
The Challenges to the Papacy throughout the 14th Century
The Thirteenth-Century Papacy
The Thirteenth-Century Papacy
The Challenges to the Papacy
The Challenges to the Papacy
The Great Schism (1378-1417)
The Great Schism (1378-1417)
Results of The Great Schism
Results of The Great Schism
Sowing the Seeds Of Change: Causes of the Renaissance
Sowing the Seeds Of Change: Causes of the Renaissance
Homework
Homework

Презентация: «Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society». Автор: ewhite. Файл: «Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 6246 КБ.

Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society

содержание презентации «Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society.ppt»
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1 Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society

Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society

Adorate Deum

2 Social, Political and Economic Influences of the Late Middle Ages

Social, Political and Economic Influences of the Late Middle Ages

(Overview)

Crusades Trade Roman Catholic Church The Black Plague The Hundred Years War The Great Schism

3 Crusades 1095-1291

Crusades 1095-1291

4 Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society
5 Trade

Trade

Allows for Exchange of ideas Increased Wealth = Increased Consumer goods/luxuries Crusades/Trade create unified Christendom Renaissance of the 13th Century?

6 Birth of the Town (The Founding)

Birth of the Town (The Founding)

Towns begin to develop around Europe Centered around Churches and Markets Dominated by Guilds Non-Traditional Social Group (Artisan)

7 Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society
8 Medieval Universities

Medieval Universities

9 Oxford University

Oxford University

10 The Late Middle Ages and The Catholic Church

The Late Middle Ages and The Catholic Church

Chartres, France

Society in 13th Century Europe Religion Dominates all aspects of life Papacy exerts both secular and spiritual authority Age of the great Cathedrals and Gothic Art Renaissance of the 13th Century

11 Competition to Build the Grandest Cathedral for the Glory of God

Competition to Build the Grandest Cathedral for the Glory of God

Scotland

Cologne

12 Notre Dame, Paris

Notre Dame, Paris

13 Theocracy of Europe

Theocracy of Europe

Popes, Cardinals anoint Kings Europe is united in Christianity Political and Religious hierarchy is similar Some diversity in practices and beliefs Church, Good Works, Sacraments, Key to Salvation Preoccupation with death

14 How the Church Saved Civilization

How the Church Saved Civilization

Church Monopolizes education Monasteries centers of education and literature Monks study and copy ancient texts Some classic works are preserved Others destroyed because of the cost of paper

15 Art and Literature

Art and Literature

Christian focus Very little realism

16 Some Ancient Symbology

Some Ancient Symbology

Blend of Ancient Pagan Traditions and Christianity 13th and 14th Century Papacy tries to tighten the reigns on ancient symbology

17 Feudalism: Parallel Pyramids

Feudalism: Parallel Pyramids

State King Lords Lesser Lords Knights Artisans Peasantry, Serfs

Church Pope Cardinals Arch Bishop Bishop Clergy and Religious Orders Parishioners

18 Social Relations A political, economic, and social system based on

Social Relations A political, economic, and social system based on

loyalty and military service.

19 Social History

Social History

Peasants Agrarian society Very little opportunity for social mobility Labor/product is currency Peasant are producers and consumers Life is short, days are long, goal salvation Service for Protection

Women and Family High infant Mortality 20%of Women die in child birth Family works together to farm small plots of land After Marriage women are husbands property No rights to inheritance Education takes place in the home

20 Introduction to Modern European History: Feudal Society
21 Medieval Castle

Medieval Castle

22 The Black Plague

The Black Plague

Preconditions for Plague What was the Plague? The Spread of the Plague Life During the Plague Impact

23 Preconditions for Plague

Preconditions for Plague

Famine (crop failure), Lowered Immune System Population growth (Over-Population?) Urbanization + Dense living conditions International trade

It is believed that the Plague was brought over by rats on trade routes.

24 What was the Plague

What was the Plague

Bubonic Plague “Black Death” Plague is caused by the bacteria, Yersinia pestis. The bacteria lives in the stomach of fleas Symptoms of the Plague: Swelling of lymph nodes. Fever of 101-105 Black blotches called “buboes” formed on body, swelling and oozing puss. Death within 4-7 days of being affected.

Eww

25 The Spread of the Plague

The Spread of the Plague

Came to Europe in 1347. Spread extremely quickly. Rats to Fleas to Humans. Mainly afflicted areas along trade routes.

26 Life during the Plague

Life during the Plague

Obsession with death and dying. Europe = Emo No explanation / no remedies Different reactions amongst population: Repented sins, thought God was punishing them. (Flagellants) Gave themselves over to sin and promiscuity. Left cities, went to country side to seek seclusion.

27 Procession of the Flagellants

Procession of the Flagellants

Would walk from village to village whipping themselves and others as a sign of repentance

28 Impact

Impact

1/3-1/2 of European population dies. Decrease in population increases need for laborers, leads to increase in wages. Peasant revolts Cities rebound and prosper. Results in growing middle class. Artisans organize into guilds. Guilds gain political power.

Peasants in the field

29 The Hundred Years’ War 1337-1453

The Hundred Years’ War 1337-1453

30 Causes of the War

Causes of the War

England English rights to French territory (Edward III) Economically vital resources in region Flanders vital to wool trade (Wants independence English rights to French throne 4 million population

France Internal disunity and conflict Lack of centralization French Navy attacking English Ports Phillip VI reclaims Gascony (English King Vassal) 17 million population

31 French Monarchy Family Tree

French Monarchy Family Tree

32 Progress of the War: Stage 1

Progress of the War: Stage 1

Early advantage for France (most knights in Europe) Dominate English Channel Early English invasions fail (bankrupts England) Tide Begins to Turn French navy annihilated in 1340

33 Stage 1 Continued…

Stage 1 Continued…

The Black Prince, Edward son of Edward III Battle of Crecy 1347- English longbowmen crush French Black Death ravages Europe 1348 (lull in fighting) French King, John II, captured at the Battle of Poitiers French Government collapses- Call for the Estates General Rise of the Jacquerie Peace of Bretigny-Calais England controls half of France

34 Stage 2- 1369-1422

Stage 2- 1369-1422

Charles V regains some lost territory but went MAD England struggles with internal conflicts England regains supremacy at Battle of Agincourt Treaty of Troyes establishes Henry IV as heir to French throne- takes throne in 1422

35 Stage 3

Stage 3

36 Stage 3

Stage 3

Joan of Arc appeals to Charles VII Leads French army to repeated victories Rise of French nationalism Charles sees Joan as a threat and has her executed as a heretic 1453 War ends- Britain retains only Calais

37 Timeline

Timeline

1340- English Victory at the Bay of Sluys 1346- English Victory at Crecy and seizure of Calais 1347- Black Death Strikes 1356- English Victory at Poitiers 1358- Jacquerie disrupts France 1360- Peace of Bretigny-Calais recognizes English holdings in France 1381- English Peasants Revolt 1415- English Victory at Agincourt 1420- Treaty of Troyes 1422- Henry VI proclaimed King of both England and France 1429- Joan of Arc leads French to victory at Orleans 1431- Joan of Arc executed as a heretic 1453- War Ends; English retain only Calais

38 Impact

Impact

Begins process of political centralization in Europe Significant military evolution (Gunpowder) Early rise of nationalistic feelings First popular challenges to secular and spiritual authority End of English claims to France

39 The Challenges to the Papacy throughout the 14th Century

The Challenges to the Papacy throughout the 14th Century

40 The Thirteenth-Century Papacy

The Thirteenth-Century Papacy

The Roman Catholic Church was the most important institution in the feudal world Controlled both the political and religious institutions Conflict arises between the temporal and spiritual domains as monarchs began to centralize their power taking it away from the church

41 The Challenges to the Papacy

The Challenges to the Papacy

Avignon Papacy (1309-1377) Under strong French influence Seven popes resided in Avignon which Pope John XXII was the most powerful Result: The Great Schism Groups of people begin to act out against the Roman Catholic Church Ex: Lollards in England and Hussites in Bohemia

Unam Sanctam (1302) Pope Boniface issued this bull and it declared that temporal authority was ‘subject’ to the spiritual power of the church. Results: monarchs begin to rule over the religious institutions Boniface is forced to repeal the Unam Sanctam which shows a loss of papal power Please See Historiography assignment and journal.

42 The Great Schism (1378-1417)

The Great Schism (1378-1417)

Pope Urban VI and Clement VII Conciliar Theory The Councils

Urban VI was in power until “the thirteen” (most of which were French) elected Clement VII causing conflicts doctrine that asserted the superiority under certain circumstances of the general councils over the church The Council of Pisa (1409-1410) The Council of Constance (1414-1417) The Council of Basel (1431-1449) Finally Martin V is elected as the one and only Pope

43 Results of The Great Schism

Results of The Great Schism

Some people begin to question the church’s spiritual and secular authority Magistrates and city councils reformed and regulated religious life as secular control increased Martin V was made Pope by the Council of Constance which ended The Great Schism Separation of secular and spiritual authority

44 Sowing the Seeds Of Change: Causes of the Renaissance

Sowing the Seeds Of Change: Causes of the Renaissance

New social, political and economic opportunity Increased centralization of political power, foundations of the Nation-State Intercontinental trade and earliest stages of global economy (Capitalism) Exchange of ideas Weakening Papacy, Challenges to Church Authority

45 Homework

Homework

Imagine you are a peasant living in the fourteenth century, describe a day in your life (assume you can read and write) in a journal.

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