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National Voluntary Presentation on MDGs achievement
National Voluntary Presentation on MDGs achievement
MDGs in Moldova
MDGs in Moldova
MDGs in Moldova
MDGs in Moldova
Progress at a glance since 2000
Progress at a glance since 2000
Key policy successes
Key policy successes
Social assistance, particularly nominative compensations, are costly
Social assistance, particularly nominative compensations, are costly
Impact on poverty
Impact on poverty
Gender mainstreaming
Gender mainstreaming
Preventing domestic violence and human trafficking
Preventing domestic violence and human trafficking
Less successful policies
Less successful policies
Inefficient policy on education spending
Inefficient policy on education spending
Spending and enrolment in education
Spending and enrolment in education
From 2004 to 2008 agricultural subsidies increased by 20 times
From 2004 to 2008 agricultural subsidies increased by 20 times
Agricultural output and subsidies
Agricultural output and subsidies
Major challenges and opportunities
Major challenges and opportunities
Global crisis clouded Moldova’s short term outlook since end 2008 In
Global crisis clouded Moldova’s short term outlook since end 2008 In
Development gaps still exist
Development gaps still exist
Gender related challenges
Gender related challenges
Planned actions in partnership
Planned actions in partnership
Ensuring MDGs achievement through “Rethink Moldova”, NDS and National
Ensuring MDGs achievement through “Rethink Moldova”, NDS and National
Out of 27 MDG targets at least 21 will be achieved by 2015 MDGs will
Out of 27 MDG targets at least 21 will be achieved by 2015 MDGs will
Success prerequisites
Success prerequisites
Thank you
Thank you

Презентация: «National Voluntary Presentation on MDGs achievement». Автор: Tudor. Файл: «National Voluntary Presentation on MDGs achievement.pptx». Размер zip-архива: 204 КБ.

National Voluntary Presentation on MDGs achievement

содержание презентации «National Voluntary Presentation on MDGs achievement.pptx»
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1 National Voluntary Presentation on MDGs achievement

National Voluntary Presentation on MDGs achievement

ECOSOC New-York 2010

Government of Moldova

2 MDGs in Moldova

MDGs in Moldova

3 MDGs in Moldova

MDGs in Moldova

27 MDG targets set in 2004 and revised in 2007 Embedded first in the Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2004-2006 Represent the long-term agenda of the National Development Strategy 2008-2011

4 Progress at a glance since 2000

Progress at a glance since 2000

5 Key policy successes

Key policy successes

6 Social assistance, particularly nominative compensations, are costly

Social assistance, particularly nominative compensations, are costly

and inefficient - the richest two quintiles used to receive one-third of compensations Since 2008 social aid is provided to the poorest quintiles of population and nominative compensations are being phased out By the end of 2010 the Government expects to cover two thirds of eligible recipients by social aid To this end an intensive public awareness campaign is underway And the minimum guaranteed income was increased and will be further raised to the level of absolute poverty line

Better targeted social assistance

7 Impact on poverty

Impact on poverty

Source: Ministry of Economy

8 Gender mainstreaming

Gender mainstreaming

Since 2006 gender equality is of particular concern for the Government: The Gender Equality Law and the Law on preventing and combating domestic violence was adopted The Governmental Commission for Equality between Women and Men and the Department of Policies for Ensuring Gender Equality and Prevention of Violence have been established The national Program for Ensuring Gender Equality (NPEGE) 2010-2015 and the Plan of Actions for implementing the NPEGE for the period 2010-2012 adopted Gender polices are for the first time embedded in the Government Program Gender statistics were developed and disseminated (more than 250 gender disaggregated indicators)

9 Preventing domestic violence and human trafficking

Preventing domestic violence and human trafficking

One in four women in the Republic of Moldova aged between 16 and 35 years suffers from domestic violence Moldova is still deemed one of the worst affected countries by human trafficking in the world 70% of assisted victims were living in poverty and 90% of women and girl victims were subjected to domestic violence before trafficking experience The National Referral System (NRS) provides assistance and protection to victims and potential victims of trafficking and is implemented by the Government in partnership with IOs and NGOs To this point, about 900 victims and vulnerable women and children at risk were assisted within the NRS A National Committee for Preventing Trafficking in Persons led by the Minister of Foreign Affairs was established

10 Less successful policies

Less successful policies

11 Inefficient policy on education spending

Inefficient policy on education spending

Despite high spending on education (8.2% of GDP) only 39% of the education expenses is meant for reform, the rest is spent for salary payment However, average salary in education is less than 70% of the average salary in economy; women significantly outnumber men in education – this partially explains the overall gender pay gap of 73.3% Half of education expenditure goes to general compulsory education but school infrastructure is being used at an average capacity of 67% Since 2005 the enrolment rate in general compulsory education is constantly decreasing Supported by country development partners the Government has recently launched the reform to improve efficiency in general compulsory education

12 Spending and enrolment in education

Spending and enrolment in education

Source: National Bureau of Statistics

13 From 2004 to 2008 agricultural subsidies increased by 20 times

From 2004 to 2008 agricultural subsidies increased by 20 times

Predominantly input and output subsidies, rather than investment were provided to farmers Despite these subsidies, agriculture is characterized by low efficiency and competitiveness, engaging most of poor Besides, the agricultural output is constantly fluctuating and there is significant labor leakage from the sector (by 20 p.p. in 8 years) Starting with 2010 the Government was reformed by providing incentives to investments in high value agriculture

Inefficient subsidization of agriculture

14 Agricultural output and subsidies

Agricultural output and subsidies

Source: National Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Finance

15 Major challenges and opportunities

Major challenges and opportunities

16 Global crisis clouded Moldova’s short term outlook since end 2008 In

Global crisis clouded Moldova’s short term outlook since end 2008 In

2009 all sectors of the economy stagnated and GDP collapsed by 6.5% The Government, supported by country development partners managed to overcome crisis, but still Moldova is lagging behind in terms of growth and development The crisis is an opportunity to streamline public spending and promote needed reforms An emerging challenge is to preserve the reform path during an electoral year (2010) Signing the EU-Moldova Association Agreement is an emerging opportunity

Challenges and opportunities

17 Development gaps still exist

Development gaps still exist

Country

GDP (PPP) per capita, USD

Country

GDP (PPP) per capita, USD

Qatar

83,841

Kazakhstan

11,693

Netherlands

39,938

Albania

7,164

Slovenia

27,654

Ukraine

6,339

Estonia

17,908

Georgia

4,757

Lithuania

16,542

Moldova

2,843

Russia

14,920

Uzbekistan

2,807

Latvia

14,255

Kyrgyzstan

2,253

Romania

11,917

Tajikistan

2,104

Source: IMF, World Economic Outlook, 2009

Source: IMF, World Economic Outlook, 2009

18 Gender related challenges

Gender related challenges

Though the share of women in decision-making increased (30% of seats in Parliament) there are limited possibilities of equal participation of women in the labor market Facing the work-life balance is a challenge for women (97% of childcare leaves are taken by women) Women are mostly employed in the low-paid sectors (education, healthcare, social assistance) and occupy lower positions in any of the considered domains The trend of involvement of women in informal activities (on their own) is increasing in frequency The degree of discouraged women without occupation is increasing

19 Planned actions in partnership

Planned actions in partnership

20 Ensuring MDGs achievement through “Rethink Moldova”, NDS and National

Ensuring MDGs achievement through “Rethink Moldova”, NDS and National

Program for Ensuring Gender Equality : Extend the reform in education sector, particularly general compulsory education Ensure a full fledged transition from nominative compensations to social aid Develop the off-farm rural economy, especially agro-processing and channel subsidies to investment Increasing access to assistance (including empowerment programs) for the victims of violence and human trafficking

Policies for support in critical areas

21 Out of 27 MDG targets at least 21 will be achieved by 2015 MDGs will

Out of 27 MDG targets at least 21 will be achieved by 2015 MDGs will

be fully integrated in national policy papers The Government is committed to implement reforms leading to MDGs achievement (“Rethink Moldova”, NDS, etc.)

Success prerequisites

22 Success prerequisites

Success prerequisites

External support is valuable Through the Moldova Partnership Forum donors pledged assistance to implement Rethink Moldova amounting 2.6 billion USD Unfunded policy priorities remain worth 2.1 billion USD out of which 715 billion USD are for human development (health, education, social protection) and agriculture Despite existing challenges the Government is committed to reduce poverty and lead Moldova’s integration into European Union

23 Thank you

Thank you

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