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Sports Injury Prevention: It’s Not Whether You Win or Lose
Sports Injury Prevention: It’s Not Whether You Win or Lose
Background
Background
Problems with Surveillance
Problems with Surveillance
Magnitude of the Problem
Magnitude of the Problem
Injury Mechanisms
Injury Mechanisms
Sports Causing Significant Injuries at High School & Intercollegiate
Sports Causing Significant Injuries at High School & Intercollegiate
Types of Injuries Acute vs
Types of Injuries Acute vs
Body Parts Injured May Vary By
Body Parts Injured May Vary By
Body Parts Injured May Vary By (Continued)
Body Parts Injured May Vary By (Continued)
Catastrophic Injuries
Catastrophic Injuries
Preventing Sports Injuries
Preventing Sports Injuries
Field/Equipment Changes
Field/Equipment Changes
Rule Changes/Coaching
Rule Changes/Coaching
Individual Preparation Prior to Participation
Individual Preparation Prior to Participation
Individual Preparation At Participation
Individual Preparation At Participation
Summary
Summary
Resources/Links
Resources/Links

Презентация на тему: «Пауэр поинт спорт». Автор: Lanita Johnson. Файл: «Пауэр поинт спорт.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 115 КБ.

Пауэр поинт спорт

содержание презентации «Пауэр поинт спорт.ppt»
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1 Sports Injury Prevention: It’s Not Whether You Win or Lose

Sports Injury Prevention: It’s Not Whether You Win or Lose

Michael A. Gittelman, MD Assistant Professor, Division of Emergency Medicine Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center Cincinnati, Ohio

2 Background

Background

Millions of children participate daily in sports activities Children learn to improve: Physical fitness Coordination Team play There is a risk of injury just by participating

3 Problems with Surveillance

Problems with Surveillance

Difficult to track injuries All injuries don’t get reported Best data from team physicians and trainers No standard method of reporting May report by Body part injured Amount of time a player missed practice or a game Type of injury sustained

4 Magnitude of the Problem

Magnitude of the Problem

3.5 million sports injuries for children < 15 years of age treated in medical settings ? of all Emergency Department visits For children involved in organized sports 770,000 physician visits 90,000 hospitalizations / year 70-80% injuries are minor (< 1 wk of practice missed) 60% occur during practice

5 Injury Mechanisms

Injury Mechanisms

< 10 years of age Often injured during individual recreational activities Usually within the first week of the activity Examples = bike riding, roller skating, sledding Pubertal child Greater weights, greater force = more severe collision Usually occur during organized sporting events Examples = Football, Wrestling, Basketball

6 Sports Causing Significant Injuries at High School & Intercollegiate

Sports Causing Significant Injuries at High School & Intercollegiate

Level

Football Wrestling Gymnastics

7 Types of Injuries Acute vs

Types of Injuries Acute vs

Chronic

Both types usually involve muscle & bone Acute Result from a collision or sudden twist Examples = Sprains/Strains, Contusions, Fractures Chronic / Overuse Repetitive, small injuries due to repeat motions Increased today as children strive for excellence at younger ages Examples = Pitching a baseball, Running cross country

8 Body Parts Injured May Vary By

Body Parts Injured May Vary By

Sport Played Some sports emphasize different body parts Lower extremity = soccer, basketball Upper extremity = tennis, baseball Equipment Used Projectiles may cause ocular injury Examples = baseball, tennis

9 Body Parts Injured May Vary By (Continued)

Body Parts Injured May Vary By (Continued)

Age Younger children often injure upper extremity Older children usually injure lower extremity Sex Some sports injure one sex differently than an another Females tend to have more knee injuries in basketball than males In general, shoulder more male, knee/ankle more female

10 Catastrophic Injuries

Catastrophic Injuries

Injuries that result in permanent, severe neurologic disability Direct Catastrophic Injury Trauma from active participation in sport Example = Football, Ice Hockey Indirect Result from overexertion while playing a sport Causes – Dehydration or sudden cardiac death

11 Preventing Sports Injuries

Preventing Sports Injuries

Field / Equipment Changes Rule Changes / Coaching Individual Preparation

12 Field/Equipment Changes

Field/Equipment Changes

Add equipment as injuries become evident Examples Helmets & Face Masks in youth hockey Chin protector in Little League Baseball Field modifications to prevent injuries Avoid potholes, grates, rocks near field Change field as injuries seen Example = Anchoring soccer goals

13 Rule Changes/Coaching

Rule Changes/Coaching

Rule changes to adjust for injury patterns Example = “spearing” in football Officials must enforce the established rules Coaches Teach the appropriate techniques Encourage discipline in preparation (stretching, etc)

14 Individual Preparation Prior to Participation

Individual Preparation Prior to Participation

Learn about the game prior to signing up Is this sport appropriate for your child? Does your child wish to participate? Who will be supervising practices/games? Purchase the recommended equipment Pre-participation physical exam Preseason conditioning

15 Individual Preparation At Participation

Individual Preparation At Participation

Practice within your limits Stay well-hydrated Know and follow the rules of the game If injured Seek medical attention prior to returning to play Adequate rehabilitation is essential

16 Summary

Summary

All sports pose a risk of injury Research the interested sport prior to participation Know the rules, equipment needed, and who will supervise / coach your child Seek a pre-participation physical exam Have fun and play hard

17 Resources/Links

Resources/Links

Widome MD, ed. American Academy of Pediatric’s Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. Sports safety. In: Injury Prevention and Control for Children and Youth, 3rded. 1997. American Academy of Pediatrics Rice SG. Risks of injury during sports participation. In: Sullivan JA, Anderson SJ, ed. Care of The Young Athlete. 2000. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons & American Academy of Pediatrics www.hooah4health.com www.aaos.org

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