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Results of GAP analysis project 2007-2008 karelian research centre of
Results of GAP analysis project 2007-2008 karelian research centre of
“Gap analysis is a tool used in wildlife conservation to identify gaps
“Gap analysis is a tool used in wildlife conservation to identify gaps
Contents
Contents
Partners and other participating organisations in Russia
Partners and other participating organisations in Russia
Organization and implementation of conferences, seminars, workshops
Organization and implementation of conferences, seminars, workshops
Biotope seminar within GAP analysis work-group took place in
Biotope seminar within GAP analysis work-group took place in
Green Belt seminar in Petrozavodsk (June 2008)
Green Belt seminar in Petrozavodsk (June 2008)
The 9th Taiga Rescue Network conference “Effective use of forest -
The 9th Taiga Rescue Network conference “Effective use of forest -
Working meetings with Finnish colleagues on GAP analysis took place in
Working meetings with Finnish colleagues on GAP analysis took place in
Expeditions (field work)
Expeditions (field work)
Yangozero area
Yangozero area
The area and boundaries of the Chukozero landscape reserve were
The area and boundaries of the Chukozero landscape reserve were
Over 30 researchers from 6 scientific organizations took part in the
Over 30 researchers from 6 scientific organizations took part in the
Multidisciplinary expedition to Mt
Multidisciplinary expedition to Mt
Another activity in the period was large-scope surveys of the whole
Another activity in the period was large-scope surveys of the whole
Publications
Publications
A revised edition of the Red Data Book of Karelia was prepared using
A revised edition of the Red Data Book of Karelia was prepared using
A. Markovskiy, O. Ilyina and A. Zorina prepared a colourful brochure –
A. Markovskiy, O. Ilyina and A. Zorina prepared a colourful brochure –
2007
2007
2008
2008
2009
2009
Databases, GIS, Digital libraries and Internet resources
Databases, GIS, Digital libraries and Internet resources
Wetland mapping was accomplished, digitalized contours (over 7000)
Wetland mapping was accomplished, digitalized contours (over 7000)
Inventory of Republic of Karelia PAs began, and the pilot version of
Inventory of Republic of Karelia PAs began, and the pilot version of
Cooperation with University of Joensuu: web-map of HCVF
Cooperation with University of Joensuu: web-map of HCVF
Database “Habitats of East Fennoscandia”
Database “Habitats of East Fennoscandia”
Internet resources
Internet resources
Internet resources
Internet resources
Digital libraries
Digital libraries
Practical implementation of KRC proposals:
Practical implementation of KRC proposals:
Kalevalsky NP (74 400 ha) and Voinitsa LR (8 400 ha – formerly part of
Kalevalsky NP (74 400 ha) and Voinitsa LR (8 400 ha – formerly part of
Ladoga Skerries NP (up to 220 000 ha) 2009 – 2010
Ladoga Skerries NP (up to 220 000 ha) 2009 – 2010
To be designated before 2015:
To be designated before 2015:
Развитие сети ООПТ Карелии PA network development in Karelia
Развитие сети ООПТ Карелии PA network development in Karelia
В 2008 подготовлена Концепция развития сети ООПТ РК (рук
В 2008 подготовлена Концепция развития сети ООПТ РК (рук
Conservation managers or scientists can use GAP analysis as a basis
Conservation managers or scientists can use GAP analysis as a basis
Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia Officially,
Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia Officially,
Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia PAs of federal
Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia PAs of federal
Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia PAs of
Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia PAs of
Objects with bedrock and Quaternary sediments (geological nature
Objects with bedrock and Quaternary sediments (geological nature
Operating and planned PAs cover part of the ranges of all soils
Operating and planned PAs cover part of the ranges of all soils
Prioritized among 17 proposed aquatic PAs are 7 objects, for which
Prioritized among 17 proposed aquatic PAs are 7 objects, for which
Locations of wetlands proposed for designation
Locations of wetlands proposed for designation
Feasibility studies were prepared for three landscape reserves
Feasibility studies were prepared for three landscape reserves
Potential objects of the flora (15) – most important in terms of
Potential objects of the flora (15) – most important in terms of
Clear-cutting must be forbidden in zoological reserves
Clear-cutting must be forbidden in zoological reserves
Recreational zoning
Recreational zoning
Zoning by landscape representativeness
Zoning by landscape representativeness
All natural complexes most vulnerable to human impact are partially
All natural complexes most vulnerable to human impact are partially
От “островов” к экологическим сетям from “islands” to econets
От “островов” к экологическим сетям from “islands” to econets
Interregional continuity of PA systems
Interregional continuity of PA systems
Largest operating and planned PAs in the Green Belt of Fennoscandia
Largest operating and planned PAs in the Green Belt of Fennoscandia
The interregional Green Belt is now forming at eastern borders of
The interregional Green Belt is now forming at eastern borders of
Waterside protection zones
Waterside protection zones
Vil
Vil
The most valuable and prioritized for designation are the following
The most valuable and prioritized for designation are the following
Environmentalization of public mind
Environmentalization of public mind
Project participants’ accomplishments recognised at the regional level
Project participants’ accomplishments recognised at the regional level
Acknowledgment
Acknowledgment
Thank you
Thank you

Презентация на тему: «Results of GAP analysis project 2007-2008». Автор: Александр. Файл: «Results of GAP analysis project 2007-2008.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 9580 КБ.

Results of GAP analysis project 2007-2008

содержание презентации «Results of GAP analysis project 2007-2008.ppt»
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1 Results of GAP analysis project 2007-2008 karelian research centre of

Results of GAP analysis project 2007-2008 karelian research centre of

RAS А. Kryshen, А. Gromtsev, О. Kuznetsov

St. Petersburg, 2009

.

2 “Gap analysis is a tool used in wildlife conservation to identify gaps

“Gap analysis is a tool used in wildlife conservation to identify gaps

in conservation lands or other wildlands where significant plant and animal species and their habitat or important ecological features occur.”

3 Contents

Contents

Partners and other participating organisations in Russia Workshops, seminars, conferences Expeditions (field work) Publications Databases, GIS, Digital libraries and Internet resources PA network development in Republic of Karelia

4 Partners and other participating organisations in Russia

Partners and other participating organisations in Russia

SYKE NGO’s (KROO “SPOK”) Republic of Karelia Government Botanical Institute, Petrozavodsk University, Joensuu University and other research organisations

5 Organization and implementation of conferences, seminars, workshops

Organization and implementation of conferences, seminars, workshops

Aim: sharing data and opinions, developing best solutions for nature conservation

6 Biotope seminar within GAP analysis work-group took place in

Biotope seminar within GAP analysis work-group took place in

Alexandrovka village near Petrozavodsk, May 2007.

7 Green Belt seminar in Petrozavodsk (June 2008)

Green Belt seminar in Petrozavodsk (June 2008)

Over 80 specialists from North-West Russia and Finland took part in the seminar

8 The 9th Taiga Rescue Network conference “Effective use of forest -

The 9th Taiga Rescue Network conference “Effective use of forest -

Effective forest protection” (Petrozavodsk, 1–5 October, 2008).

Over 100 participants represented ten different countries and about 40 different NGOs.

9 Working meetings with Finnish colleagues on GAP analysis took place in

Working meetings with Finnish colleagues on GAP analysis took place in

Joensuu (9.04.08–11.04.08), Helsinki (October 28-30, 2007, November 18 – 21, 2008), Petrozavodsk, (January 25, 2008; February 20–21 2008; May 12–14, 2008; May 19–22, 2008)

10 Expeditions (field work)

Expeditions (field work)

Aim: gathering data on the nature of Karelia, and finding potential gaps in the PA network

11 Yangozero area

Yangozero area

Expedition comprising researcher from KRC of RAS, representatives of SPOK NGO and logging organizations was carried out to determine the conservation value of a pristine forest fragment.

The Yangozero area was included in “RK Land Use Planning Scheme” (2008) and excluded from forest use accounts of the “RK Forest Management Plan” (2008).

12 The area and boundaries of the Chukozero landscape reserve were

The area and boundaries of the Chukozero landscape reserve were

negotiated among SPOK, KRC Forest Research Institute, RK Forestry Agency and Karellesprom JSC, and submitted to the relevant regional authority

13 Over 30 researchers from 6 scientific organizations took part in the

Over 30 researchers from 6 scientific organizations took part in the

multidisciplinary expedition to the Gridino village area.

14 Multidisciplinary expedition to Mt

Multidisciplinary expedition to Mt

Vottovaara area to define the PA boundaries and status

Природный комплекс горы «Воттоваара»: особенности, современное состояние, сохранение

15 Another activity in the period was large-scope surveys of the whole

Another activity in the period was large-scope surveys of the whole

territory of Karelia with focus on surviving undisturbed forest areas. This work includes inventory of operating regional PAs started following the initiative and with financial support from the Ministry of Agriculture, Fishery and Ecology.

16 Publications

Publications

17 A revised edition of the Red Data Book of Karelia was prepared using

A revised edition of the Red Data Book of Karelia was prepared using

new (2001) IUCN categories.

Editors: E. Ivanter, O. Kuznetsov

18 A. Markovskiy, O. Ilyina and A. Zorina prepared a colourful brochure –

A. Markovskiy, O. Ilyina and A. Zorina prepared a colourful brochure –

Identification guide of key biotopes (for biodiversity conservation) in central Karelia.

19 2007

2007

20 2008

2008

21 2009

2009

Природный комплекс горы «Воттоваара»: особенности, современное состояние, сохранение

22 Databases, GIS, Digital libraries and Internet resources

Databases, GIS, Digital libraries and Internet resources

Compilation of shared scientific databases on various natural resources, biodiversity and specific features of territories, permitting scientifically grounded decision-making.

23 Wetland mapping was accomplished, digitalized contours (over 7000)

Wetland mapping was accomplished, digitalized contours (over 7000)

were submitted to “Transparent World”; identification of mire type is underway.

Болота переданы желтыми, охряными и светло-зелеными тонами в зависимости от типа болотных участков Лес – темно-зелеными (хвойный) и охряными (лиственный) цветами Озера выглядят как пятна черного цвета 688, 1206 и 3522 –номера болот по справочнику Торфяные месторождения Карельской АССР. М., 1979. 464 с.

24 Inventory of Republic of Karelia PAs began, and the pilot version of

Inventory of Republic of Karelia PAs began, and the pilot version of

the GIS “Protected areas of Republic of Karelia” was produced

25 Cooperation with University of Joensuu: web-map of HCVF

Cooperation with University of Joensuu: web-map of HCVF

26 Database “Habitats of East Fennoscandia”

Database “Habitats of East Fennoscandia”

27 Internet resources

Internet resources

28 Internet resources

Internet resources

29 Digital libraries

Digital libraries

30 Practical implementation of KRC proposals:

Practical implementation of KRC proposals:

All in all, > 400 000 ha within < 10 years

31 Kalevalsky NP (74 400 ha) and Voinitsa LR (8 400 ha – formerly part of

Kalevalsky NP (74 400 ha) and Voinitsa LR (8 400 ha – formerly part of

the park).

32 Ladoga Skerries NP (up to 220 000 ha) 2009 – 2010

Ladoga Skerries NP (up to 220 000 ha) 2009 – 2010

Researchers from KRC actively participated in public hearings on organization of the Ladoga skerries NP. Author of the feasibility study for the Ladoga skerries NP designation A. Kravchenko became a member of the working group on the park organization and project leader in KRC

33 To be designated before 2015:

To be designated before 2015:

six LR and nature monuments in a combined area of 140 000 ha (included in the “Land Use Planning Scheme”, excluded from the “RK Forest Management Plan, 2008”).

34 Развитие сети ООПТ Карелии PA network development in Karelia

Развитие сети ООПТ Карелии PA network development in Karelia

Map of the largest operating and planned PAs (game reserves excluded). Colours: green – zapovednik, yellow – NP, pink – landscape reserves (LR), light blue – planned NP and LR, dark blue – largest waterside protection zones (water bodies having none are not shown in the map).

35 В 2008 подготовлена Концепция развития сети ООПТ РК (рук

В 2008 подготовлена Концепция развития сети ООПТ РК (рук

А. Громцев). Схема развития сети ООПТ в РК (подготовлена совместно со СПОК)

In 2008, the Concept of PA network development in Republic of Karelia was prepared (leader A. Gromtsev).

36 Conservation managers or scientists can use GAP analysis as a basis

Conservation managers or scientists can use GAP analysis as a basis

for providing recommendations to improve the representativeness of nature reserves or the effectiveness of protected areas so that these areas provide the best value for conserving biodiversity.

The regional ad hoc programme “Republic of Karelia ecology and natural resources”, comprising projects on PA development and biodiversity studies and conservation, is underway (financed from the budget of Republic of Karelia)

37 Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia Officially,

Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia Officially,

nature conservation fund as of 01.01.2008 is 1,029,500 ha, i.e. 5.75 % of RK total area (de facto 3-4 %) and comprises 224 PAs (State Report…, 2008) + Voinitsa landscape reserve (8,400 ha – designated in 2008). Современная сеть действующих ООПТ в Республике Карелия Официально природно-заповедный фонд на 01.01.2008 г. составляет 1029,5 тыс. га или 5,75 % от общей площади республики (фактически 3-4 %) и включает 224 объекта (Госдоклад…, 2008) + ЛЗ «Войница» (8,4 тыс.га – учрежден в 2008 г.).

38 Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia PAs of federal

Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia PAs of federal

subordination: 2 strict nature reserves (zapovedniks): Kostomukshsky, Kivach, 3 national parks: Paanaj?rvi, Vodlozersky, Kalevalsky, zoological reserves Kizhsky, Olonetsky. Современная сеть действующих ООПТ в Республике Карелия ООПТ федерального подчинения: 2 государственных заповедника: «Костомукшский», «Кивач»; 3 национальных парка: «Паанаярви», «Водлозерский» и «Калевальский»; зоологические заказники «Кижский», «Олонецкий».

39 Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia PAs of

Current network of operating PAs in Republic of Karelia PAs of

regional subordination: nature park Valaam Archipelago, nature reserves, nature monuments, Petrozavodsk State University Botanical Garden, health resort forests around “Martial Waters” spa, buffer zones of Kivach and Kostomukshsky strict nature reserves, Kizhi Historical, Architectural and Ethnographic Museum-Reserve, and of Paanaj?rvi NP, plus tree stands. Современная сеть действующих ООПТ в Республике Карелия ООПТ регионального подчинения: природный парк «Валаамский архипелаг», государственные природные заказники, государственные памятники природы, ботанический сад ПетрГУ, курортные леса вокруг санатория «Марциальные воды», охранные зоны ГПЗ «Кивач»и «Паанаярви», государственного историко-архитектурного и этнографического музея-заповедника "Кижи" и НП «Паанаярви» и лесные плюсовые насаждения.

40 Objects with bedrock and Quaternary sediments (geological nature

Objects with bedrock and Quaternary sediments (geological nature

monuments). Over 200 GNM* are recommended for inclusion in the PA list (160 of them shown in the figure). Объекты с коренными породами и четвертичными отложениями (геологические памятники природы). Рекомендуется включить в список ООПТ более 200 ГПП* (на рис. показаны 160 из них).

41 Operating and planned PAs cover part of the ranges of all soils

Operating and planned PAs cover part of the ranges of all soils

subject to protection, and designation of new areas for this purpose is not needed. Действующая и планируемая сеть ООПТ покрывает часть ареалов всех почв, подлежащих охране, поэтому нет необходимости в выделении дополнительных участков для этих целей. The priorities among planned PAs in this sense are: С данной точки зрения к первоочередным планируемым объектам следует отнести: Zaonezhje PA, «Заонежье», Ladoga Skerries NP, НП «Ладожские шхеры» Gridino, ЛЗ «Гридино», Syrovatka, ЛЗ «Сыроватка» Vottovaara NM, Ппр «Воттоваара».

42 Prioritized among 17 proposed aquatic PAs are 7 objects, for which

Prioritized among 17 proposed aquatic PAs are 7 objects, for which

sufficient information is available or feasibility studies are ready. Most of them are already included in the list of planned PAs.

В первоочередные ООПТ предлагается 7 водных объектов (из 17), для кото-рых в настоящее время имеется достаточно инфор-мации или подготовлены экологические обоснова-ния. Основная часть из них уже включена в перечень планируемых ООПТ.

Locations of 10 waterfalls - potential PAs

43 Locations of wetlands proposed for designation

Locations of wetlands proposed for designation

Provisional list of 200 valuable wetlands covering a combined area of ca. 300 000 ha was compiled. Four large wetland areas were defined as designation priorities.

Составлен перспективный список 200 ценных болот для охраны на общей площади около 300 000 га. К первоочередным ООПТ отнесены 4 крупных болотных и водно-болотных объекта.

44 Feasibility studies were prepared for three landscape reserves

Feasibility studies were prepared for three landscape reserves

comprising the last surviving substantial areas of pristine taiga.

Locations of largest pristine forest areas.

45 Potential objects of the flora (15) – most important in terms of

Potential objects of the flora (15) – most important in terms of

conserving regional diversity of species and vegetation in general.

46 Clear-cutting must be forbidden in zoological reserves

Clear-cutting must be forbidden in zoological reserves

Game reserves are not PAs – hardly any nature use limitations (temporary ban on hunting).

Operating game reserves, proposed zoological reserves (15 reserves in 320 000 ha), and areas of the zoological nature monument rank (mainly bird breeding areas).

47 Recreational zoning

Recreational zoning

Landscapes of: 1 – minimal, 2 – low, 3 – average, 4 – high, 5 – exceptional recreational quality. All landscapes of top categories are represented by substantial areas in operating and proposed PAs of different categories.

48 Zoning by landscape representativeness

Zoning by landscape representativeness

Areas: 1) unique, 2) rare, 3) peculiar, 4) common, 5) reference. Given the PA network state-of-the-art, and if the proposals submitted are realized, the situation in conservation of the regional diversity of geographic landscapes (area of ca. 100 000 ha) would be satisfactory.

49 All natural complexes most vulnerable to human impact are partially

All natural complexes most vulnerable to human impact are partially

“covered” by operating and planned PAs in a combined area of about 1/3 mln. ha, waterside protection zones not included.

50 От “островов” к экологическим сетям from “islands” to econets

От “островов” к экологическим сетям from “islands” to econets

51 Interregional continuity of PA systems

Interregional continuity of PA systems

(Green Belts of Fennoscandia) An essential element of the spatial system of PAs of different categories in Karelia is their contingency with PAs in adjacent regions of Russia (Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Vologda and Leningrad Regions). Regional PA networks should be linked together or adjoined to establish an interregional and national system. Such continuity has to a large extent been created and is developing.

52 Largest operating and planned PAs in the Green Belt of Fennoscandia

Largest operating and planned PAs in the Green Belt of Fennoscandia

1. Pasvik zapovednik 2. Laplandsky zapovednik 3. Kutsa nature reserve (zakaznik) 4. Paanaj?rvi NP 5. Kostomukshsky zapovednik 6. Kalevalsky NP with Voinitsa landscape reserve (LR) 7. Tulos LR 8. Koitajoki LR 9. Tolvaj?rvi LR 10. Ladoga Skerries NP 11. Iso-Ij?rvi LR 12. Karel’sky Les LR 13. Prigranichnyi LR 14. Ingermanlandsky zakaznik There are also some small-size LR – Podkova, etc. Total area of the above PAs is about 800 000 ha

53 The interregional Green Belt is now forming at eastern borders of

The interregional Green Belt is now forming at eastern borders of

Karelia, and fringes also eastern boundaries of Fennoscandia (№* in Fig.): border with Murmansk Region: Kolvitsky zakaznik (1), Kanozersky zakaznik (2), Kandalakshsky zapovednik (3); - White Sea coast (within RK): LR Polyarnyi Krug (4), Gridino (5), Syrovatka (6), Kuzova (7), Soroksky (8); - border with Arkhangelsk Region: Vodlozersky NP (9), Kozhezersky LR (10), Chukozero LR (11), Kenozersky NP (12); - border with Vologda Region: Atleka LR, Verkhneandomsky LR, etc.; - border with Vologda and Leningrad Regions: Vepssky Les nature park (14), etc. Total area of the above PAs is about 1.4 mln. ha

54 Waterside protection zones

Waterside protection zones

An essential element connecting nature conservation objects into a spatial system by corridors along watercourses and around waterbodies (combined area ca. 2.4 mln. ha). All kinds of commercial fellings were prohibited. Only tending allowed, incl. “rejuvenation and conversion fellings”. Since 2009 however, voluntary selective and gradual felling is allowed. In reality, they are likely to turn into commercial felling taking the most valuable part of the stock (up to 40%). Officially, the region has 2.943 mln. ha of “protective forest”. Some 82% of them are waterside strips.

55 Vil

Vil

Pyaozero

2-km wide waterside protection zone of the Poncha River (Pyaozero village area) with an explicit belt of well-preserved pristine forest

56 The most valuable and prioritized for designation are the following

The most valuable and prioritized for designation are the following

areas General profile ones (integrated, landscape reserves) All included in the RK “Land use planning scheme”, 2008 Ladoga Skerries NP (135 000 – 220 000 ha, see “National Park…, 2001”; area and outlines to be specified); Zaonezhje PA (170 000, see “Nature Park…, 1992”; status, area and outlines to be specified); Tulos LR (68 500 ha, see “National Park…, 2001”; area and outlines to be specified); Koitajoki (wetland) LR (36 300 ha, see “National Park…, 2001”; area and outlines to be specified); To be designated before 2015, and already excluded from forest use calculations in the “RK Forest Management Plan”, 2008: Gridino LR – 43 500 ha, (see “Rupestrine landscapes…, 2008”); Chukkozero LR (58 300 ha, see “Materials of inventory …, 2006”); Syrovatka LR (31 200 ha, see “Materials of inventory …, 2003”); Vottovaara nature monument (3 500 ha, see “Natural complex…, 2009”); Kumi-porog nature monument (3 600 ha, see “Feasibility study…, 2006”). Vargachnyi – Korbozersky nature monument (4 100 ha, see “Feasibility study…, 2007”)

57 Environmentalization of public mind

Environmentalization of public mind

Экологизация общественного сознания

Understanding is growing at all levels that socio-economic problems can and should be solved in balance with nature conservation

58 Project participants’ accomplishments recognised at the regional level

Project participants’ accomplishments recognised at the regional level

A. Gromtsev was awarded the title of a 2007 RK Laureate for active participation in the Kalevalskii NP organization. O. Kuznetsov was awarded the title of a 2008 RK Laureate for nature protection activities and Red Data Book of RK publication.

59 Acknowledgment

Acknowledgment

SYKE and Ministry of environment of Finland for the basic financing of the project Karelian Government: the regional programme “Republic of Karelia ecology and natural resources”, GIS “PA’s of Karelia” (partly financing) Russian Academy of Sciences: field work, publications, GIS, Internet Russian fund for basic research: field work, Internet

60 Thank you

Thank you

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