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The Republic of China (Taiwan)
The Republic of China (Taiwan)
Republic of China 1912
Republic of China 1912
ROC Constitution (1946)
ROC Constitution (1946)
ROC Government
ROC Government
Taiwan before 1949
Taiwan before 1949
Taiwan & Islands
Taiwan & Islands
Chiang Kai-sheks Rule
Chiang Kai-sheks Rule
Chiangs One-China Policy
Chiangs One-China Policy
Lee Teng-hui (1923 - )
Lee Teng-hui (1923 - )
Chen Shui-bian (1950 - )
Chen Shui-bian (1950 - )
The Republic of China (Taiwan)
The Republic of China (Taiwan)
Diplomatic Tug of War
Diplomatic Tug of War
US Official Policy
US Official Policy
Economic Ties
Economic Ties
In 2012, Taiwans exports to Mainland China was $132 billion, and
In 2012, Taiwans exports to Mainland China was $132 billion, and
The Republic of China (Taiwan)
The Republic of China (Taiwan)
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Land & People
Land & People
Brief History
Brief History
Negotiations with UK
Negotiations with UK
Handover to PRC
Handover to PRC
Basic Law of Hong Kong SAR
Basic Law of Hong Kong SAR
3 Principles in the Basic Law
3 Principles in the Basic Law
``One Country, Two Systems
``One Country, Two Systems
`` High Degree of Autonomy
`` High Degree of Autonomy
``HK People Running HK
``HK People Running HK
Central Peoples Government
Central Peoples Government
Rights and Freedoms
Rights and Freedoms
3 Branches of Political Structure
3 Branches of Political Structure
S/election of CE & Legco
S/election of CE & Legco
S/election of Chief Executive
S/election of Chief Executive
S/election of 60-member Legco
S/election of 60-member Legco
Since 1997
Since 1997
Hong Kongs Competitiveness
Hong Kongs Competitiveness
``Worlds Freest Economy
``Worlds Freest Economy
Influence on Mainland China
Influence on Mainland China

: The Republic of China (Taiwan). : .. : The Republic of China (Taiwan).ppt. zip-: 3442 .

The Republic of China (Taiwan)

The Republic of China (Taiwan).ppt
1 The Republic of China (Taiwan)

The Republic of China (Taiwan)

2 Republic of China 1912

Republic of China 1912

First republic in Asia First president: Sun Yat-sen (1866 - 1925)

3 ROC Constitution (1946)

ROC Constitution (1946)

First constitutional president (1948 - 1975): Chiang Kai-shek (1887 - 1975) Defeated by CCP in 1949 Retreated to Taiwan Authoritarian rule for a quarter century

4 ROC Government

ROC Government

President (4-year term after 1996) The Five ``Yuan: Executive Yuan Legislative Yuan Judicial Yuan Examination Yuan Control Yuan 2 Provinces and 18 counties

5 Taiwan before 1949

Taiwan before 1949

Immigration from mainland China for centuries (Fujian and Hakka) 1885, Qing government promoted Taiwan from prefecture to province 1895, ceded to Japan 1945, returned to Republic of China ``Taiwanese versus ``mainlanders Fujian 70%, Hakka 15%, ``mainlanders 13%

6 Taiwan & Islands

Taiwan & Islands

Area: 13,900 square miles Population: 23 million

7 Chiang Kai-sheks Rule

Chiang Kai-sheks Rule

Popular elections at the basic level Land reform 9-year compulsory education Economic take-off from 1960s Export processing zones attract foreign direct investment Industrialization strengthens manufacturing sector

8 Chiangs One-China Policy

Chiangs One-China Policy

``Mainland was temporarily usurped by communist bandits ``Gloriously retake the mainland Refused diplomatic relations with any country that recognized PRC ROC was a permanent member of UN Security Council until 1971

9 Lee Teng-hui (1923 - )

Lee Teng-hui (1923 - )

Succeeded Chiang Kai-sheks son as president of ROC and chairman of GMD in 1988 Became the first popularly elected president of ROC in 1996 Helped Democratic Progressive Party gain power in 2000

10 Chen Shui-bian (1950 - )

Chen Shui-bian (1950 - )

Leader of the pro-independent Democratic Progressive Party President of ROC 2000-2008 Prisoner #2630 since 2008-11-12

11 The Republic of China (Taiwan)
12 Diplomatic Tug of War

Diplomatic Tug of War

162 countries recognize PRC (Beijing) as the legitimate government of China 8 (49) 32 (59) 49 (69) 113 (79) 129 (89) 29 countries recognize ROC (Taipei) as the legitimate government of China

13 US Official Policy

US Official Policy

US government shifted diplomatic recognition from ROC to PRC in 1979 US congress passed Taiwan Relations Act in 1979 American Institute in Taiwan Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Offices in US

14 Economic Ties

Economic Ties

Trade and investment expanded rapidly despite restrictions by ROC government Workaround: Hong Kong and Macau ``Three links: mail, transportation, and trade Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA) was signed in 2010

15 In 2012, Taiwans exports to Mainland China was $132 billion, and

In 2012, Taiwans exports to Mainland China was $132 billion, and

imports from Mainland China was $37 billion.

16 The Republic of China (Taiwan)
17 Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Hong Kong SAR

18 Land & People

Land & People

422 square miles Hong Kong Island Kowloon Peninsular New Territories Outlying islands 7 million residents 95% Chinese

19 Brief History

Brief History

HK Island was occupied by UK in 1841 New Territories on 99-year lease in 1898 Occupied by Japan during World War II Shanghai enterprises fled CCP forces in late 1940s industrialization of Hong Kong One of the four ``Asian Tigers

20 Negotiations with UK

Negotiations with UK

Deng Xiaoping: 1 country, 2 systems PRC Constitution of 1982: S.A.R. PRC & UK Joint Declaration in 1984

21 Handover to PRC

Handover to PRC

7th National Peoples Congress adopted Basic Law of HKSAR in Beijing in 1990 Became Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of PRC in July 1, 1997

22 Basic Law of Hong Kong SAR

Basic Law of Hong Kong SAR

Stipulated in PRC-UK Joint Declaration in 1984 Drafted by a committee with members from both Hong Kong and mainland Adopted by 7th NPC in Beijing in 1990 Came into effect on July 1, 1997 Constitutional document for HKSAR

23 3 Principles in the Basic Law

3 Principles in the Basic Law

``One Country, Two Systems Capitalist system and way of life shall remain unchanged for 50 years (B.L. A5) ``High Degree of Autonomy ``Hong Kong People Running Hong Kong

24 ``One Country, Two Systems

``One Country, Two Systems

Legal system (British common law) shall be maintained, except for any law that contravene the Basic Law and subject to amendment by the legislature (B.L. A8)

25 `` High Degree of Autonomy

`` High Degree of Autonomy

HKSAR enjoys executive, legislative, and independent judicial power, including that of final adjudication (B.L. A2)

26 ``HK People Running HK

``HK People Running HK

executive authorities and legislature shall be composed of permanent residents of Hong Kong (B.L. A3) public servants must be permanent residents of Hong Kong, with some exceptions

27 Central Peoples Government

Central Peoples Government

responsible for defense and foreign affairs relating to HKSAR (B.L. A13-14) authorizes HKSAR to conduct relevant external affairs on its own (B.L. A13) HKSAR shall be responsible for the maintenance of public order 11 PRC laws apply to HK (B.L. A18)

28 Rights and Freedoms

Rights and Freedoms

freedom of speech, of the press, of publication, of association, of assembly, of procession, of demonstration, of communication, of movement, of conscience, of religious belief, of marriage.. the right and freedom to form and join trade unions, and to strike

29 3 Branches of Political Structure

3 Branches of Political Structure

Chief Executive C. Y. Leung Legislative Council Court of Final Appeal

30 S/election of CE & Legco

S/election of CE & Legco

Shall be specified in the light of the actual situation in the HKSAR and in accordance with the principle of gradual and orderly progress (B.L. A45 & A68) The ultimate aim is the election of the Chief Executive and all the members of the Legislative Council by universal suffrage (B.L. A45 & A68)

31 S/election of Chief Executive

S/election of Chief Executive

800-member Election Committee industrial, commercial, and financial sectors 1/4 the professions 1/4 labor, social services, religious, & other 1/4 Legco, HK deputies to NPC, etc. 1/4 C. Y. Leung (2012 - 2017) no more than two consecutive terms

32 S/election of 60-member Legco

S/election of 60-member Legco

33 Since 1997

Since 1997

Freedoms and rights substantially intact dissident groups Falun Gong Judicial system remains the same Weak executive and strong civil service Lack of political skills Multiple political parties

34 Hong Kongs Competitiveness

Hong Kongs Competitiveness

Geographic location one of the best deep-water ports in the world hardworking well-educated workforce literacy rate 94%

35 ``Worlds Freest Economy

``Worlds Freest Economy

exports and imports each (>US$400b) greater than GDP GDP per capita: US$50,700 (PPP) no VAT, sales tax, or capital gains tax only 3 types of income are taxed: profits, salaries, and property but 31% live in public housing

36 Influence on Mainland China

Influence on Mainland China

US$400 billion direct investment each way Hong Kong bodies of law and expertise Hong Kong attracts talents from mainland Hong Kong radios, TV, newspapers, magazines, and Internet on mainland

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