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Payment for Environmental Services
Payment for Environmental Services
Examples of valuation of ecosystem goods and services Valuation of
Examples of valuation of ecosystem goods and services Valuation of
Examples for PES
Examples for PES
Contribution of Natural Resources to Economic Growth
Contribution of Natural Resources to Economic Growth
“Forestry contributes officially 2-3 % to GDP and a 10-15 % share of
“Forestry contributes officially 2-3 % to GDP and a 10-15 % share of
Tanzania’s Fisheries sector has grown at a rate of 6 to 7% annually
Tanzania’s Fisheries sector has grown at a rate of 6 to 7% annually
Rough estimated value added per m3 water in different uses
Rough estimated value added per m3 water in different uses
money (Tsh per year) households derived from harvesting of aquatic
money (Tsh per year) households derived from harvesting of aquatic
Carbon Sequestration Credits
Carbon Sequestration Credits
PES for Catchment Conservation
PES for Catchment Conservation
PES Cont…
PES Cont…
PES Cont…
PES Cont…
PES Cont…
PES Cont…
The watershed services that would be sold
The watershed services that would be sold
Potential buyers of watershed services
Potential buyers of watershed services
Conclusion
Conclusion

Презентация: «Payment for Environmental Services». Автор: Harvey World. Файл: «Payment for Environmental Services.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 35 КБ.

Payment for Environmental Services

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1 Payment for Environmental Services

Payment for Environmental Services

Extracted from work by Ffemke Griffoen FAO-APO TZ

2 Examples of valuation of ecosystem goods and services Valuation of

Examples of valuation of ecosystem goods and services Valuation of

ecosystem goods and services is gradually getting more attention in Tanzania. Examples of valuation mentioned here are: The contribution of natural resources to economic growth e.g. revenue derived from export of timber and fish. Values derived from market prices of products that use ecosystem goods, e.g. the value of a volume of water based on the price for paddy rice and hydropower services

3 Examples for PES

Examples for PES

Planned and starting initiatives with Payment for Environmental Services e.g. greenhouse gas credits, and payment by water users for catchment protection

4 Contribution of Natural Resources to Economic Growth

Contribution of Natural Resources to Economic Growth

The World Bank, through COWI, has made an analysis on the contribution of Tanzania’s natural resources to growth and reduction of poverty for the Country Economic Memorandum

5 “Forestry contributes officially 2-3 % to GDP and a 10-15 % share of

“Forestry contributes officially 2-3 % to GDP and a 10-15 % share of

export earnings. Estimates taking unaccounted services and non-industrial forestry into account are accounting for a value of 10-15 % of GDP. Forests provide around 75% of building materials and 100% of indigenous medicinal plants and supplementary food products. 95% of Tanzania’s energy consumption is wood fuel based, which includes major inputs factors into rural industries such as for example tobacco curing and fish smoking. The value of carbon sequestration services provided by Tanzanian forests is estimated to be between US$ 700 and 1,500 per ha.

6 Tanzania’s Fisheries sector has grown at a rate of 6 to 7% annually

Tanzania’s Fisheries sector has grown at a rate of 6 to 7% annually

since 2000. In 2004 revenue collection from Fisheries amounted to Tsh. 9.7 billion. This represents roughly a 50% increase from revenue collected in 2001/02. About 80% of revenue is coming from freshwater fisheries (2003).

7 Rough estimated value added per m3 water in different uses

Rough estimated value added per m3 water in different uses

8 money (Tsh per year) households derived from harvesting of aquatic

money (Tsh per year) households derived from harvesting of aquatic

resources (including value added in processing), averaged across user and non-user households

9 Carbon Sequestration Credits

Carbon Sequestration Credits

Present models show that the trees planted through the pilot program Phase III (in 4 countries) should achieve between 500,000 tons and 3,000,000 tons of CO2 sequestration.

10 PES for Catchment Conservation

PES for Catchment Conservation

As catchment forests are decreasing, their conservation capacity for water is reduced and water supply for towns with increasing population faces critical shortages. At the same time, many poor people are dependent on forest biodiversity for wood-fuel, food, honey, medicines, building poles, timber, animal fodder and farming. Forest biodiversity needs to be maintained to sustain essential environmental services such as water supply, carbon sequestration, soil conservation and wildlife habitat.

11 PES Cont…

PES Cont…

Funds currently allocated to forest conservation are inadequate Given the state of the catchment and their importance to water availability. Incentives packages and water users contribution are crucial. Payment for water as an environmental service is a potential mechanism

12 PES Cont…

PES Cont…

In a proposal “Making Payments for Environmental Services Work for Nature and People,” WWF, CARE and IIED propose carefully constructed Payments for Environmental Services (PES) in the Uluguru Mountains (TZ)

13 PES Cont…

PES Cont…

This PES, especially with regards to water, have the potential to shift the incentives-structure of local people and authorities from damaging to preserving forests in the Uluguru Mountains At the same time will be part of efforts that aim at the promotion of environmental sustainability that become fully integrated into poverty reduction efforts.

14 The watershed services that would be sold

The watershed services that would be sold

1. Soil/stream bank stabilization to ensure the quality of downstream water, and 2. Catchment forest conservation to improve the reliability of water flows. It is planned that at a later stage the biodiversity conservation, carbon sequestration services and aesthetics will also be sold as part of a bundle of ecological services

15 Potential buyers of watershed services

Potential buyers of watershed services

Cities of Dar es Salaam and Morogoro Urban Water Authorities / Company. “Revenues raised from PES can be expected to generate a substantial and sustainable impact on local livelihoods especially through improved land use/husbandry, agricultural and horticultural productivity and organizing communities into CBOs for obtaining other/additional sources of incomes.”

16 Conclusion

Conclusion

PES in the Uluguru Mountains are likely to have considerable conservation impact because they can readily focus on upland communities that are directly involved in the degradation of forest assets and are positioned to regulate the use of forest assets by themselves as well as others.

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