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**SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
**SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
Broadly speaking, there are at least six factors that separate IB from
Broadly speaking, there are at least six factors that separate IB from
Growth in volume of world merchandise trade and GDP, 2005-13 (Annual %
Growth in volume of world merchandise trade and GDP, 2005-13 (Annual %
Thanks to the GATT / WTO(
Thanks to the GATT / WTO(
GLOBAL MARKETS BRING GROWTH (FIGURE 1.1), SCALE ECONOMY, TECHNOLOGY,
GLOBAL MARKETS BRING GROWTH (FIGURE 1.1), SCALE ECONOMY, TECHNOLOGY,
WHICH CAR IS THE MOST "AMERICAN"
WHICH CAR IS THE MOST "AMERICAN"
**SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
**SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
**SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
**SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
Jim Lentz, President of Toyota Motor Sales USA, showing 2012 Toyota
Jim Lentz, President of Toyota Motor Sales USA, showing 2012 Toyota
THE REASON: where cars (and car parts) are produced Why produce
THE REASON: where cars (and car parts) are produced Why produce
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DB AND IB COUNTRY-SPECIFIC FACTORS: cheap labour,
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DB AND IB COUNTRY-SPECIFIC FACTORS: cheap labour,
NOT ALL FDI GOES TO LOW WAGE COUNTRIES
NOT ALL FDI GOES TO LOW WAGE COUNTRIES
FDI inflows and outflows, 1999-2007, and 2008 forecast
FDI inflows and outflows, 1999-2007, and 2008 forecast
**SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
**SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
**SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
**SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
Portfolio investment and foreign direct investment
Portfolio investment and foreign direct investment
Some stats: Canada 2011
Some stats: Canada 2011
(3) INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING/TAXATION is problematic
(3) INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING/TAXATION is problematic

Презентация на тему: «International business». Автор: DR MASAO NAKAMURA. Файл: «International business.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 1361 КБ.

International business

содержание презентации «International business.ppt»
СлайдТекст
1 **SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp

**SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp

1-23] Characterized by firms' activities in international trade and/or investment IB differs from domestic business (DB) in what? (1)MARKETS (WORLD VS DOMESTIC), (2)PRODUCTION, (3)ACCOUNTING/CONTROL ( -----? details below) WHAT ELSE?

2 Broadly speaking, there are at least six factors that separate IB from

Broadly speaking, there are at least six factors that separate IB from

DB (Head). They are: (1)Political separation, (2)physical separation, (3)relational separation (e.g. bus. networks), (4)environmental separation (e.g. climate, natural resources ), (5)developmental separation, and (6)cultural separation. In IB, one or more of these separations significantly affect company business (e.g. possible sources of IB risks). In DB, these are all negligible factors (in most circumstances).

SPECIFIC ISSUES (1) Should you sell in global markets? (Where, why/why not?) GLOBAL MARKETS BRING: growth, scale economy, technology, competitiveness, ....... Why?

3 Growth in volume of world merchandise trade and GDP, 2005-13 (Annual %

Growth in volume of world merchandise trade and GDP, 2005-13 (Annual %

change). Source: WTO

Ratio of world exports of goods and commercial services to GDP, 1980-2010. Index, 2000=100. Source: IMF. WTO

4 Thanks to the GATT / WTO(

Thanks to the GATT / WTO(

), world trade has grown massively.

5 GLOBAL MARKETS BRING GROWTH (FIGURE 1.1), SCALE ECONOMY, TECHNOLOGY,

GLOBAL MARKETS BRING GROWTH (FIGURE 1.1), SCALE ECONOMY, TECHNOLOGY,

COMPETITIVENESS, ... WHY ?? Because of added market size and competition Who sells globally? Who doesn't sell globally? Any correlation with competitiveness? WHAT MATTERS IN SELLING IN FOREIGN MARKETS ? CULTURE? Should you modify your products? What should you modify ? (2) Should you produce / procure globally? - TI has 50 plants in 19 countries. HP's new product development team: members from JAPAN, the US, the UK, GERMANY work jointly real-time. Why ?

6 WHICH CAR IS THE MOST "AMERICAN"

WHICH CAR IS THE MOST "AMERICAN"

(All sold in the U.S. market) MAZDA NAVAJO (sold by Japan’s Mazda Co.) DODGE STEALTH (sold by U.S./German Mercedes Chrysler) MERCURY CAPRI (sold by U.S. Ford) GEO PRIZM (sold by U.S. GM) FORD TAURUS (sold by U.S. Ford) HONDA ACCORD WAGON (sold by Japan’s Honda) TOTOTA CAMRY (2012) (sold by Japan’s Toyota) "Domestic (American) content index" MN-75, DS-28, MC-18, GP-64, FT-100, HAW-65 , TC-(US-made parts: 80%+) What determines domestic content index?

7 **SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
8 **SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
9 Jim Lentz, President of Toyota Motor Sales USA, showing 2012 Toyota

Jim Lentz, President of Toyota Motor Sales USA, showing 2012 Toyota

Camry (over 80% of parts used are U.S. made). Price: $21,955US (basic model).

10 THE REASON: where cars (and car parts) are produced Why produce

THE REASON: where cars (and car parts) are produced Why produce

overseas? Market proximity, product modification, foreign technological and production skill, cost, reliability,.. WHERE SHOULD YOU PRODUCE? Where should you procure your parts/services? Should you build your factory overseas? (foreign direct investment) Ability in global networking is a source of firms’ competitiveness Removal of investment (FDI) and trade barriers would allow firms to develop global networks according to firms' strategies. E.G. Shifting marketing/production effort to where growth is globally.

11 DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DB AND IB COUNTRY-SPECIFIC FACTORS: cheap labour,

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DB AND IB COUNTRY-SPECIFIC FACTORS: cheap labour,

what else? CULTURE, INSTITUTIONS, LANGUAGE, .. --> NOT A SERIOUS FACTOR IN DB IMPLICATIONS -in international marketing, consumer behaviour may differ from DB -in production, HRM may differ from DB -standard of living/cost/wages may differ, but note: NOT ALL FDI GOES TO LOW WAGE COUNTRIES. (Figure below.) -Competent firms are able to take advantage of the above differences by turning them into expanded new opportunities not available from domestic sources.

12 NOT ALL FDI GOES TO LOW WAGE COUNTRIES

NOT ALL FDI GOES TO LOW WAGE COUNTRIES

-Cheap labour is not always the reason for FDI -Competent firms are able to take advantage of the above country-specific differences by turning them into expanded new opportunities not available from domestic sources.

13 FDI inflows and outflows, 1999-2007, and 2008 forecast

FDI inflows and outflows, 1999-2007, and 2008 forecast

Source: OECD

14 **SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
15 **SLIDE KH1** INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (IB) [Read: Head, Chapter 1, pp
16 Portfolio investment and foreign direct investment

Portfolio investment and foreign direct investment

We'll discuss FDI in depth later in the course.

17 Some stats: Canada 2011

Some stats: Canada 2011

Transaction: Canada (2004)

+ Money in (Bn$)

- Money out (Bn$)

Goods (exports+)

419

446

Services (exports+)

56 (2009)

91 (2009)

Income (receipts+)

38

63

Portfolio (sales+)

82

41

FDI (sales+)

61

68

18 (3) INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING/TAXATION is problematic

(3) INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING/TAXATION is problematic

A FIRM MUST HAVE A HOME COUNTRY despite its business activities in other countries. The firm’s home country taxes the firm, but other countries also want to tax it. (Note: Tax treaties between countries may or may not exist. Even if they exist, they often do not completely cancel out double taxation.) TRANSFER PRICING IS ANOTHER ISSUE. Can firms maintain many sets of books for international taxation purposes?

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