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Россия и страны Центральной Азии: анализ приоритетных мер по адаптации
Россия и страны Центральной Азии: анализ приоритетных мер по адаптации
WWF России
WWF России
Russia
Russia
Russia: priorities for adaptation measures in near future
Russia: priorities for adaptation measures in near future
Разрушение зданий и сооружений в зоне вечной мерзлоты
Разрушение зданий и сооружений в зоне вечной мерзлоты
Arctic is melting and destroying
Arctic is melting and destroying
Arctic is melting and destroying
Arctic is melting and destroying
Dangerous weather events in Russia in 1991 – 2007 Increase in 2 times
Dangerous weather events in Russia in 1991 – 2007 Increase in 2 times
Общая проблема недостатка водных ресурсов в странах Центральной Азии и
Общая проблема недостатка водных ресурсов в странах Центральной Азии и
Changes in productivity caused by climate conditions in Russia by 2020
Changes in productivity caused by climate conditions in Russia by 2020
Changes in productivity caused by climate conditions in Russia by 2020
Changes in productivity caused by climate conditions in Russia by 2020
Central Asia: joint priorities for adaptation measures in near future
Central Asia: joint priorities for adaptation measures in near future
Central Asia: joint priorities for adaptation measures in near future
Central Asia: joint priorities for adaptation measures in near future
Aral Sea shrinking
Aral Sea shrinking
Aral Sea shrinking
Aral Sea shrinking
Kazakhstan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures
Kazakhstan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures
Kyrgyzstan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures
Kyrgyzstan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures
Tajikistan : additional national priorities for adaptation measures
Tajikistan : additional national priorities for adaptation measures
Turkmenistan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures
Turkmenistan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures
Uzbekistan : additional national priorities for adaptation measures
Uzbekistan : additional national priorities for adaptation measures
Вывод Четвертого Оценочного Доклада МГЭИК, 2007: Хотя многие
Вывод Четвертого Оценочного Доклада МГЭИК, 2007: Хотя многие
Save good climate for our children
Save good climate for our children

Презентация: «Россия и страны Центральной Азии: анализ приоритетных мер по адаптации к воздействиям изменения климата». Автор: Folke Wulf. Файл: «Россия и страны Центральной Азии: анализ приоритетных мер по адаптации к воздействиям изменения климата.ppt». Размер zip-архива: 4389 КБ.

Россия и страны Центральной Азии: анализ приоритетных мер по адаптации к воздействиям изменения климата

содержание презентации «Россия и страны Центральной Азии: анализ приоритетных мер по адаптации к воздействиям изменения климата.ppt»
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1 Россия и страны Центральной Азии: анализ приоритетных мер по адаптации

Россия и страны Центральной Азии: анализ приоритетных мер по адаптации

к воздействиям изменения климата

По материалам IPCC 4AR, Государственных докладов для РКИК ООН и последних научных работ

Кокорин Алексей Олегович WWF Russia akokorin@wwf.ru +7 495 727 09 39

2 WWF России

WWF России

2008-2012 гг. -эффективное выполнение Киотского протокола и заключение нового соглашения - снижение глобальных выбросов парниковых газов к 2050 г в 2 раза от уровня 1900 г.

2008-2012 гг. - подготовка и начало выполнения адаптационных мер и планов в России и странах Центральной Азии

3 Russia

Russia

N. Hemisphere

World

4 Russia: priorities for adaptation measures in near future

Russia: priorities for adaptation measures in near future

Measures on infrastructure maintenance in permafrost melting areas monitoring, inspections, building standards, timely reconstruction etc. Special attention - oil pipelines, sanitary systems, indigenous people. Regional measures to reduce damage of floods: monitoring, inspections, construction standards, emergency plans and reserves, etc. Special attention - St. Petersburg (floods and rising of underground water). Medical, institutional and public awareness measures to prevent expansion of infections and diseases; and to organize health care in heat waves. In South it is mainly diarrhoeal and tropical diseases, in North - tick-born encephalitis and some other infections. Biodiversity protection in Arctic with special attention to Polar Bear and marine mammals. Local livestock measures in steppe and tundra in case of heavy snowfalls and/or danger thaws/frost alterations.

5 Разрушение зданий и сооружений в зоне вечной мерзлоты

Разрушение зданий и сооружений в зоне вечной мерзлоты

Risk of permafrost melting and weakening for buildings and infrastructure

1 - small risk 2 - middle risk 3 - high risk Source: Anisimov and Reneva, 2006; calculations of the basis of climate scenario GFDL.

6 Arctic is melting and destroying

Arctic is melting and destroying

7 Arctic is melting and destroying

Arctic is melting and destroying

8 Dangerous weather events in Russia in 1991 – 2007 Increase in 2 times

Dangerous weather events in Russia in 1991 – 2007 Increase in 2 times

in 15 years in the past and in 10 years in the future (4 times in 25 years)

70% warm period (apr. – Oct.) 30% cold period (nov. – March) в сумме 2005 - 311 2006 - 387 2007 - 436

Source: Roshydromet, 2005. Strategical forecast of climate change in the Russian Federation on the period by 2010-2015 and its influence on Russian economy Data: VNIIGMI-MCD

9 Общая проблема недостатка водных ресурсов в странах Центральной Азии и

Общая проблема недостатка водных ресурсов в странах Центральной Азии и

в южных регионах России

Consolidated forecast of changes in river run-off by 2050 Changes in percent of annual river run-off by 2041-2060 from the level of 1900-1970

10 Changes in productivity caused by climate conditions in Russia by 2020

Changes in productivity caused by climate conditions in Russia by 2020

(deviations in percent of the current level). Calculations by 2020 for different regions on the basis of scenario HadCM3 A1FI (Hedley Center, UK Meteorological Service, Materials, 2005).

Cereals Increase Decrease

Regions: 1- North, 2– North – West, 3- Kaliningrad, 4- Center, 5- Center-Chernozem, 6- Upper Volga, 7- Middle Volga, 8- Lower Volga, 9- North Caucasus, 10- Ural, 11- West Siberia, 12 – East Siberia, 13- Far East.

11 Changes in productivity caused by climate conditions in Russia by 2020

Changes in productivity caused by climate conditions in Russia by 2020

(deviations in percent of the current level). Calculations by 2020 for different regions on the basis of scenario HadCM3 A1FI (Hedley Center, UK Meteorological Service, Materials, 2005).

Forage Increase Decrease

Regions: 1- North, 2– North – West, 3- Kaliningrad, 4- Center, 5- Center-Chernozem, 6- Upper Volga, 7- Middle Volga, 8- Lower Volga, 9- North Caucasus, 10- Ural, 11- West Siberia, 12 – East Siberia, 13- Far East.

12 Central Asia: joint priorities for adaptation measures in near future

Central Asia: joint priorities for adaptation measures in near future

Improvement of water management system Measures to improve outdate irrigation systems and reduce water losses (details country by country)

13 Central Asia: joint priorities for adaptation measures in near future

Central Asia: joint priorities for adaptation measures in near future

Measures to survive Aral Sea and solve ecological and socio-economic problems in Amy-Daria River delta, including coordination of water management (Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan). Protection of plain-flooded forests/bulrush (tugays) – key role in biodiversity adaptation. Recognize problem, ensure river run-off regime and water spillage, give opportunity of self-restoration (Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan - Amy-Daria River; Kazakhstan – Syr-Daria River).

14 Aral Sea shrinking

Aral Sea shrinking

Map as of 1957 (map) and satellite images of the different years (sp)

Source: (Glants and Zonin, WMO 2005)

15 Aral Sea shrinking

Aral Sea shrinking

Current state

Pessimistic future

Source: (Glants and Zonin, WMO 2005)

16 Kazakhstan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures

Kazakhstan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures

Comprehensive measures in agriculture, including prevention of erosion, pest’s outbreaks, implementation of climate impact resistant kinds of crops, and legislation Improvement of water management system on rice fields and in the country as a whole with special attention to water resource management in Ili River basin to avoid danger increase in salinity of Balhash Lake

17 Kyrgyzstan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures

Kyrgyzstan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures

Measures to stabilize level of Issyk-Kul Lake: construction of modern irrigation systems in basin of the lake, technical researches and economic feasibility studies on diversion of runoff, attraction of investments in recreation development enforcing nature protection, legal measures Medical, institutional and public awareness measures to prevent outbreaks and expansion of infections and diseases; and to organize health care in heat waves.

18 Tajikistan : additional national priorities for adaptation measures

Tajikistan : additional national priorities for adaptation measures

Measures on infrastructure maintenance in higher intensity and frequency of floods, mudflows, landslides and avalanches: monitoring, inspections, building and road standards, timely reconstruction etc. Special attention should be paid for high mountain roads and settlements. International aid is required for effective adaptation. Medical, institutional and public awareness measures to prevent outbreaks and expansion of infections and diseases; and to organize health care in heat waves.

19 Turkmenistan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures

Turkmenistan: additional national priorities for adaptation measures

Measures to improve outdate irrigation systems and reduce water losses. Reconstruction of large-scale Karakum irrigation channel and its internal reservoirs. Afforestation measures to prevent soil erosion and improve desert pastures and other lands.

20 Uzbekistan : additional national priorities for adaptation measures

Uzbekistan : additional national priorities for adaptation measures

Measures to improve outdate irrigation systems and reduce water losses. Construction of water storage reservoirs in mountain rivers Agriculture measures: crops structure improvement, use of advanced agro-technologies, improvement of pastures in arid areas, avoiding overgrazing

21 Вывод Четвертого Оценочного Доклада МГЭИК, 2007: Хотя многие

Вывод Четвертого Оценочного Доклада МГЭИК, 2007: Хотя многие

негативные воздействия могут быть ослаблены с помощью адаптации, в конечном счете с экономической и экологической точек зрения надо ограничить само изменение климата – снизить выбросы парниковых газов

www.simonchristy.com/archive/2006_08_01_archive.html

Source: IPCC 2007: Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability—SPM

22 Save good climate for our children

Save good climate for our children

WWF Downloading materials from WWF.PANDA.ORG or WWW.WWF.RU

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